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 Indian Contract Act, 1872

Show Chapter Wise
Provisions Title
Short title
 
Interpretation clause
 
Communication, acceptance and revocation of proposals
 
Communication when complete
 
Revocation of proposals and acceptances
 
Revocation how made
 
Acceptance must be absolute
 
Acceptance by performing conditions, or receiving consideration
 
Promises, express or Implied
 
What agreements are contracts
 
Who are competent to contract
 
What is a sound mind for the purposes of contracting
 
"Consent" defined
 
"Free consent" defined
 
"Coercion" defined
 
"Undue influence" defined
 
"Fraud" defined
 
"Misrepresentation" defined
 
Voidability of agreements without free consent
 
Power to set aside contract induced by undue influence
 
Agreement void where both parties are under mistake as to matter of fact
 
Effect of mistakes as to law
 
Contract caused by mistake of one party as to matter of fact
 
What considerations and objects are lawful and what not
 
Agreements void, if Considerations and objects unlawful in part
 
Agreement void, if made without consideration
 
Agreement in restraint of marriage void
 
Agreement in restraint of trade void
 
Agreements in restraint of legal proceedings void
 
Agreements void for uncertainty
 
Agreements by way of wager void
 
"Contingent contract" defined
 
Enforcement of contracts contingent on an event happening
 
Enforcement of contracts contingent on an event not happening
 
When event on which contract is contingent to be deemed impossible, if it is the future conduct of a living person
 
When contracts become void which are contingent on happening of specified event within fixed time.
 
Agreements contingent on impossible events void
 
Obligation of parties to contracts
 
Effect of refusal to accept offer of performance
 
Effect of refusal of party to perform promise wholly
 
Person by whom promise is to be performed
 
Effect of accepting performance from third person
 
Devolution of Joint liabilities
 
Any one of Joint promisors may he compelled to perform
 
Effect of release of one Joint promisor
 
Devolution of Joint rights
 
Time for performance of promise, where no application is to be made and no time is specified
 
Time and place for performance of promise, where time is specified and no application to be made
 
Application for performance on certain day to be at proper time and place
 
Place for performance of promise, where no application to be made and no place fixed for performance
 
Performance in manner or at time prescribed or sanctioned by promisee
 
Promisor not bound to perform unless reciprocal promisee ready and willing to perform
 
Order of performance of reciprocal promises
 
Liability of party preventing event on which the contract is to take effect
 
Effect of default as to that promise which should be first performed, in contract consisting of reciprocal promises
 
Effect of failure to perform at fixed time, in contract in which time is essential
 
Agreement to do impossible act
 
Reciprocal promises to do things legal, and also other things illegal
 
Alternative promise, one branch being illegal
 
Application of payment where debt to be discharged is Indicated
 
Application of payment where debt to be discharged is not indicated
 
Application of payment where neither party appropriates
 
Effect of novation, rescission and alteration of contract
 
Promisee may dispense with or remit performance of promise
 
Consequences of rescission of voidable contract
 
Obligation of person who has received advantage under void agreement or contract that becomes void
 
Mode of communicating or revoking rescission of voidable contract
 
Effect of neglect of promisee to afford promisor reasonable facilities for performance
 
Claim for necessaries supplied to person incapable of contracting, or on his account
 
Reimbursement of person paying money due by another in payment of which he is interested
 
Obligation of person enjoying benefit of non-gratuitous act
 
Responsibility of finder of goods
 
Liability of person to whom money is paid, or thing delivered by mistake or under coercion
 
Compensation for loss or damage caused by breach of contract
 
Compensation for breach of contract where penalty stipulated for
 
Party rightfully rescinding contract entitled to compensation
 
CHAPTER VII, COMPRISING SECTIONS 76-123, IS REPEALED BY THE SALE OF GOODS ACT
 
"Contract of indemnity" defined
 
Rights of indemnity-holder when sued
 
"Contract of guarantee", "surety", "principal debtor" and "creditor"
 
Consideration for guarantee
 
Surety's liability
 
Continuing guarantee
 
Revocation of continuing guarantee
 
Revocation of continuing guarantee by surety's death
 
Liability of two persons, primarily liable, not affected by arrangement between them that one shall be surety on other's default
 
Discharge of surety by variance in terms of contract
 
Discharge of surety by release or discharge of principal debtor
 
Discharge of surety when creditor compounds with, gives time to, or agrees not to sue, principal debtor
 
Surety not discharged when agreement made with third person to give time to principal debtor
 
Creditor's forbearance to sue does not discharge surety
 
Release of one co-surety does not discharge others
 
Discharge of surety by creditor's act or omission impairing surety's eventual remedy
 
Rights of surety on payment or performance
 
Surety's right to benefit of creditor's securities
 
Guarantee obtained by misrepresentation invalid
 
Guarantee obtained by concealment invalid
 
Guarantee on contract that creditor shall not act on it until co-surety joins
 
Implied promise to indemnify surety
 
Co-sureties liable to contribute equally
 
Liability of co-sureties bound in different sums
 
"Bailment","bailor"and"bailee"defined
 
Delivery to bailee how made
 
Bailor's duty to disclose faults in goods bailed
 
Care to be taken by bailee
 
Bailee when not liable for loss, etc., of thing bailed
 
Termination of bailment by bailee's act inconsistent with conditions
 
Liability of bailee making unauthorised use of goods bailed
 
Effect of mixture, with bailor's consent, of his goods with bailee's
 
Effect of mixture, without bailor's consent, when the goods can be separated
 
Effect of mixture, without bailor's consent, when the goods cannot be separated
 
Repayment by bailor of necessary expenses
 
Restoration of goods lent gratuitously
 
Return of goods bailed on expiration of time or accomplishment of purpose
 
Bailee's responsibility when goods are not duly returned
 
Termination of gratuitous bailment by death
 
Bailor entitled to increase or profit from goods bailed
 
Bailor's responsibility to bailee
 
Bailment by several Joint owners
 
Bailee not responsible on redelivery to bailor without title
 
Right of third person claiming goods bailed
 
Right of finder of goods; may sue for-specific reward offered
 
When finder of thing commonly on sale may sell it
 
Bailee's particular lien
 
General lien of bankers, factors, wharfingers, attorneys and policy-brokers
 
"Pledge", "pawnor" and "pawnee" defined
 
Pawnee's right of retainer
 
Pawnee not to retain for debt or promise other than that for which goods pledged. Presumption In case of subsequent advances
 
Pawnee's right as to extraordinary expenses incurred
 
Pawnee's right where pawnor makes default
 
Defaulting pawnor's right to redeem
 
Pledge by mercantile agent
 
Pledge by person in possession under voidable contract
 
Pledge where pawnor has only a limited interest
 
Suit by bailor or bailee against wrong-doer
 
Apportionment of relief or compensation obtained by such suits
 
"Agent" and "principal" defined
 
Who may employ agent
 
Who may be an agent
 
Consideration not necessary
 
Agent's authority may be express or implied
 
Definitions of express and implied authority
 
Extent of agent's authority
 
Agent's authority in an emergency
 
When agent cannot delegate
 
"Sub-agent" defined
 
Representation of principal by sub-agent properly appointed
 
Agent's responsibility for sub-agent appointed without authority
 
Relation between, principal and person duly appointed by agent to act in business of agency
 
Agent's duty in naming such person
 
Right of person as to acts done for him without his authority. Effect of ratification
 
Ratification may be expressed or implied
 
Knowledge requisite for valid ratification
 
Effect of ratifying unauthorized act forming part of a transaction
 
Ratification of unauthorized act cannot injure third person
 
Termination of agency
 
Termination of agency, where agent has an interest in subject-matter
 
When principal may revoke agent's authority
 
Revocation where authority has been partly exercised
 
Compensation for revocation by principal, or renunciation by agent
 
Notice of revocation or renunciation
 
Revocation and renunciation may be expressed or implied
 
When termination of agent's authority takes effect as to agent, and as to third persons
 
Agent's duty on termination of agency by principal's death or insanity
 
Termination of sub-agent's authority
 
Agent's duty in conducting principal's business
 
Skill and diligence required from agent
 
Agent's accounts
 
Agent's duty to communicate with principal
 
Right of principal when agent deals, on his own account, in business of agency without principal's consent
 
Principal's right to benefit gained by agent dealing on his own account in business of agency
 
Agent's right of retainer out of sums received on principal's account
 
Agent's duty to pay sums received for principal
 
When agent's remuneration becomes due
 
Agent not entitled to remuneration for business misconducted
 
Agent's lien on principal's property
 
Agent to be Indemnified against consequences of lawful acts
 
Agent to be indemnified against consequences of acts done in good faith
 
Non-liability of employer of agent to do a criminal act
 
Compensation to agent for injury caused by principal's neglect
 
Enforcement and consequences of agent's contracts
 
Principal how for bound, when agent exceeds authority
 
Principal not bound when excess of agent's authority is not separable
 
Consequences of notice given to agent
 
Agent cannot personally enforce, nor be bound by, contracts on behalf of principal
 
Rights of parties to a contract made by agent not disclosed
 
Performance of contract with agent supposed to be principal
 
Right of person dealing with agent personally liable
 
Consequence of inducing agent or principal to act on belief that principal or agent will be held exclusively liable
 
Liability of pretended agent
 
Person falsely contracting as agent not entitled to performance
 
Liability of principal inducing belief that agent's unauthorized acts were authorized
 
Effect, on agreement, of misrepresentation or fraud by agent
 
 
 
 
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