Contact us   Feedback   Subscription   New User   Login      
Tax Management India .com
TMI - Tax Management India. Com
Extracts
Home List
← Previous Next →

ENERGY MANAGEMENT IN TELECOM INFRASTRUCTURE INDUSTRY

Other Topics - By: - Mr. M. GOVINDARAJAN - Dated:- 22-7-2015 - Telecom towers The increase in the number of mobile phones within 18 years is very high. For the purpose of mobile phones telecom towers have been installed by the service providers. At present India has about 4,25,000 telecom towers with total tenancies of 7,50,000. The technology in mobile sector is increasing. The industry switched to 3G technology from 2G technology. The telecom operators continue to expand their 3G networks and .....

X X X X X X X

Extract - Part text only
Click here to Access Full Contents

X X X X X X X

the existing buildings with raised columns and tie beams. The height of these towers may be 9 to 30 meters. Energy for Telecom towers The Telecom industry is the second largest consumer of energy after transportation. The total electricity required for these telecom towers is approximately 12 billion to 14 billion units of electricity per annum. Grid connection is better than any other alternative energy solution in terms of cost efficiencies. Availability of grid connection is the question of .....

X X X X X X X

Extract - Part text only
Click here to Access Full Contents

X X X X X X X

e life of these batteries gets shortened, which in turn increases the operational cost to run services in rural areas. Unavailability of reliable power in semi-urban, rural and remote areas increases operational costs further because sufficient backup systems have to be maintained. At present 40% of the towers across the country have access to electricity for less than 15 hours. Most states are still facing a power shortage. The situation is likely to improve. To face the energy crisis the telec .....

X X X X X X X

Extract - Part text only
Click here to Access Full Contents

X X X X X X X

which often does not match up to the ideal due to various factors such as improper maintenance; The manpower and its efficiency deployment; Every location and tower has different characteristics and different requirements. Therefore the three components, energy, assets and people are to go hand in hand along with other process for achieving energy optimization. Green Telecom The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) recommendations on Green Energy applications have been approved by Gover .....

X X X X X X X

Extract - Part text only
Click here to Access Full Contents

X X X X X X X

rbon credit norms with an ultimate objective of achieving a maximum of 50% over the carbon footprint levels of the base year in rural areas and achieving a 66% over the carbon foot print levels of the base year in urban areas by the year 2020. The base year for calculating all existing carbon foot prints would be 2011, with an implementation period of one year and the first year of carbon reduction would be the year 2012. All service providers to declare the carbon foot prints of their network t .....

X X X X X X X

Extract - Part text only
Click here to Access Full Contents

X X X X X X X

tment of Telecom (DoT) wants these towers converted to green energy sources like solar, biomass or wind. The roadmap to encourage green energy in the telecom sector, prepared by the DoT, says at present 80-90 per cent of power requirements for rural towers are met by diesel generator sets, each of which consumes 8,760 liters of diesel a year if it runs eight hours a day. It is estimated that 5.12 billion liters of diesel is consumed by telecom towers annually, and total emission due to this is a .....

X X X X X X X

Extract - Part text only
Click here to Access Full Contents

X X X X X X X

and 2020 respectively. It was expected due to deregulating diesel prices by the Government the cost towards diesel consumption will rise further. But now the diesel price is on the decline. This will result some economy in the usage of diesel. Due to lack of reliable power in rural areas, there has been a substantial increase in the usage of diesel for running engine alternators to keep telecom exchanges, transmission equipment and BTS s up and running. This increases costs substantially. In sp .....

X X X X X X X

Extract - Part text only
Click here to Access Full Contents

X X X X X X X

ts at the towers site in the case of out door sites. In respect of indoor sites it is dependent on the grid failure of more than 16 hours and with one tenant. The limitation of this technology is that the viability is highly dependent on the radiation and temperature and space availability at the sites. Solar is a clean and effective way of harnessing energy. Also, the maintenance cost for the operation of solar equipment is comparatively lower as compared to diesel generators operated BTS tower .....

X X X X X X X

Extract - Part text only
Click here to Access Full Contents

X X X X X X X

ve a higher upfront cost than DG sets and depends on battery back when day light is not available. If one wants to configure a solar PV installation for a tower, a detailed evaluation of the loan profit of the site, weather conditions throughout the year, battery efficiency, charge controller efficiency, power loss due to dust accumulation and available area for installing are to be considered. Biomass It is economical and commercially viable for sites with an average load of more than 5 KW and .....

X X X X X X X

Extract - Part text only
Click here to Access Full Contents

X X X X X X X

ost savings can be achieved. This can reduce diesel operation hours by 12 hours at an off grid site and by 8 hours in a site with poor grid availability thereby resulting in 60% and 52% cost savings. The solution brings maximum cost savings about 80% of a solar hybrid site where diesel generator set use can be eliminated and towers can be operated through a battery, solar energy and grid electricity. It can bring annual opex savings of ₹ 2,90,000/- to ₹ 4,60,000/-. Using an advanced .....

X X X X X X X

Extract - Part text only
Click here to Access Full Contents

X X X X X X X

cell is used for providing extended back up. It is opt for sites located in the vicinity of hydrogen source. The sites with erratic and discontinuous grid availability and those having ground based towers can also apply fuel cell solutions for energy storage. It is an expensive solution. The unit cost is around ₹ 24/- which includes both fuel and logistics costs. It is a very recent technology and lacks the skilled manpower required for its operation. The total cost of ownership (TCO) is .....

X X X X X X X

Extract - Part text only
Click here to Access Full Contents

X X X X X X X

on of a diesel generator set from a site. These are used for cyclic application. It is much helpful for sites with power and erratic grid supply. It is also suitable for both the ground based tower and roof top sites. It is a highly cost effective solution. It occupies lower space; lower maintenance requirements; provides improved performance and offers higher reliability. Flow batteries These allow the rate of electricity flow to be separated from the total of energy held. This allows faster ch .....

X X X X X X X

Extract - Part text only
Click here to Access Full Contents

X X X X X X X

 

 

 

 

 



|| Home || Acts and Rules || Notifications || Circulars || Schedules || Tariff || Forms || Case Laws || Manuals ||

|| About us || Contact us || Disclaimer || Terms of Use || Privacy Policy || TMI Database || Members || Site Map ||

© Taxmanagementindia.com [A unit of MS Knowledge Processing Pvt. Ltd.] All rights reserved.

Go to Mobile Version