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2016 (4) TMI 908 - ITAT AHMEDABAD

2016 (4) TMI 908 - ITAT AHMEDABAD - TMI - Deduction u/s 80P(2) - Held that:- Interest income earned by a credit cooperative society on the FDRs with nationalized bank would qualify for grant of exemption under section 80P(2). - ITA No.910/Ahd/2013 - Dated:- 14-3-2016 - Pramod Kumar AM and S S Godara JM For The Appellant : Raj Deep Singh For The Respondent : S.H. Talati ORDER Per Pramod Kumar, AM: 1. By way of this appeal, the Assessing Officer has challenged correctness of the order dated 11th J .....

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e of Totgars Co-operative Sale Society Ltd., reported in 188 taxman 282 (SC) wherein it has been held that assessee is not eligible for deduction u/s. 80P(2)(a)(i) where such interest was earned on surplus funds invested in short term deposits. 2. On the facts and in the circumstances of the case, the learned CIT(A) ought to have upheld the order of the Assessing Officer. 2. Learned Representatives fairly agree that the issue in appeal is covered, in favour of the assessee, by the decision of th .....

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hat the interest accrued from the deposits made by the assessee in a nationalized bank out of the amounts which was used by the i assessee for providing credit facilities to its members and therefore the said interest amount is attributable to the credit facilities provided by the assessee and forms part of profits and gains of business and therefore he submits that the appellate authorities were not justified in denying the said benefit in terms of sub-section (2) of Section 80P of the Act. In .....

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short-term deposits and from savings bank account. The assessee is a Co-operative Society providing credit facilities to its members. It is not carrying on any other business. The interest income earned by the assessee by providing credit facilities to its members is deposited in the banks for a short duration which has earned interest. Therefore, whether this interest is attributable to the business of providing credit facilities to its members, is the question. 8. In this regard, it is necess .....

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tion (1) shall be the following, namely: (a) in the case of co-operative society engaged in- (i) carrying on the business of banking or providing credit facilities to its members, or ** ** the whole of the amount of profits and gains of business attributable to any one or more of such activities." 9. The word 'attributable' used in the said Section is of great importance. The Apex Court had an occasion to consider the meaning of the word 'attributable' as supposed to derive .....

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as deliberately used the expression "attributable to" and not the expression "derived from". It cannot be disputed that the expression "attributable to" is certainly wider in import than the expression "derived from". Had the expression "derived from" been used, it could have with some force been contended that a balancing charge arising from the sale of old machinery and buildings cannot be regarded as profits and gains derived from the conduct .....

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nduct of the business of generation and distribution of electricity.' 10. Therefore, the word "attributable to" is certainly wider in import than the expression "derived from". Whenever the legislature wanted to give a restricted meaning, they have used the expression "derived from". The expression "attributable to" being of wider import, the said expression is used by the legislature whenever they intended to gather receipts from sources other than th .....

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e business of providing credit facilities to its members only. The society is not carrying on any separate business for earning such interest income. The income so derived is the amount of profits and gains of business attributable to the activity of carrying on the business of banking or providing credit facilities to its members by a co-operative society and is liable to be deducted from the gross total income under Section 80P of the Act. 11. In this context when we look at the judgment of th .....

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produce was bought, was invested in a short-term deposit/security. Such an amount which was retained by the assessee-Society was a liability and it was shown in the balance sheet on the liability side. Therefore, to that extent, such interest income cannot be said to be attributable either to the activity mentioned in Section 80P(2)(a)(i) of the Act or under Section 80P(2)(a)(iii) of the Act. Therefore in the facts of the said case, the Apex Court held the assessing officer was right in taxing t .....

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ely required by the assessee for lending money to its members, as there were no takers. Therefore they had deposited the money in a bank so as to earn interest. The said interest income is attributable to carrying on the business of banking and therefore it is liable to be deducted in terms of Section 80P(1) of the Act. In fact similar view is taken by the Andhra Pradesh High Court in the case of CIT v. Andhra Pradesh State Co-operative Bank Ltd. [2011] 336 ITR 516/200 Taxman 220 12 taxmann.com .....

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e has been considered by the Tribunal for the Asstt.Year 2012-13. The finding of the Tribunal recorded in para-5 of ITA No.2073/Ahd/2015 reads as under: 5. We have heard the rival contentions and gone through the facts and circumstances of the case as well as records available and judicial pronouncements referred therein. The only issue is in regard to the addition of various types of income such as rent, interest income from nationalized bank, commission income, other income totaling to ₹ .....

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members held by the assessee society. Therefore, in the interest of the members this surplus fund was given as deposit in nationalized bank to fetch some income. Similar type of issues has been dealt by Hon ble High Court of Karnataka in the case of Tumkur Merchants Souharda Credit Co-op. Ltd. reported in (2015) 55 Taxman.com 447 (Kar). The relevant portion from the above referred judgment is reproduced below :- 10. In the instant case, the amount which was invested in banks to earn interest was .....

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) of the Act. I fact similar view is taken by the Andhra Pradesh High Court in the case of CIT v/s. Andhra Pradesh State Co-operative Bank Ltd., [2011] 200 Taxman 220/12 taxmann.com 66. In that view of the matter, the order passed by the appellate authorities denying the benefit of deduction of the aforesaid amount is unsustainable in law. Accordingly it is hereby set aside. The substantial question of law is answered in favour of the assessee and against the revenue. The assessee society s main .....

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onvenience of fund movement the appellant society had to keep its surplus liquid funds with different banks including nationalized banks. Therefore, in view of above discussion and relying on the decision of Hon ble Karnataka High Court in the case of Tumkur Merchants Souharda Credit Co-op. Ltd.(supra), the assessee is eligible for deduction under section 80P(2)(a)(i) of the Act; however, rent income at ₹ 18,600, commission income at ₹ 13,701, other income ₹ 400 and income tax .....

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t any eventuality towards re-payment of deposit, the Co-operative Society is maintaining some liquidated funds as a short term deposit with the banks. This issue was thoroughly discussed by the ITAT B Bench Ahmedabad in the case of The Income Tax Officer vs. M/s.Jafari Momin Vikas Co-op.Credit Society Ltd. bearing ITA No.1491/Ahd/2012 (for A.Y. 2009-10) and CO No.138/Ahd/2012 (by Assessee) order dated 31/10/2012. The relevant portion is reproduced below:- 19. The issue dealt with by the Hon ble .....

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by such retention was not required immediately for business purposes, it was invested in specified securities. The question, before us, is whether interest on such deposits/securities, which strictly speaking accrues to the members account, could be taxed as business income under section 28 of the Act? In our view, such interest income would come in the category of income from other sources , hence, such interest income would be taxable under section 56 of the Act, as rightly held by the assessi .....

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funds were not required immediately for business purposes and, consequently, such act of investment constituted a business activity by a prudent businessman; therefore, such interest income was liable to be taxed under section 28 and not under section 56 of the Act and, consequently, the assessee(s) was entitled to deduction under section 80P(2)(a)(i) of the Act. The argument was rejected by the assessing officer as also by the Tribunal and the High Court, hence, these civil appeals have been f .....

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the members; and (ii) marketing the agricultural produce; and (d) that the surplus had arisen emphatically from marketing of agricultural produces. 19.3. In the present case under consideration, the entire funds were utilized for the purposes of business and there were no surplus funds. 19.4. While comparing the state of affairs of the present assessee with that assessee (before the Supreme Court), the following clinching dissimilarities emerge, namely: (1) in the case of the assessee, the entir .....

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was no surplus funds as such; - in the case of Totgars, the Hon ble Supreme Court had not spelt out anything with regard to operational funds; 19.5. Considering the above facts, we find that there is force in the argument of the assessee that the assessee not a co-operative Bank, but its nature of business was coupled with banking with its members, as it accepts deposits from and lends the same to its members. To meet any eventuality, the assessee was required to maintain some liquid funds. That .....

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