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Freewill Sports Pvt. Ltd. Versus ACIT, Range-II, Jalandhar

Addition on account of payment of premium of Keyman’s Insurance Policy - Held that:- As for the statement made by the employees of the insurance companies, nothing turns on these statements. What constitutes a keyman insurance policy under section 10(10D) is not dependent on what is it treated even by the insurer; as long as the assessee is allowed to take life insurance policy on its keymen, as have been undisputedly taken in this case, the same satisfies the requirement of Section 10(10D). In .....

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earned CIT(A), Jalandhar, dated 30.11.2012 for Asst. Year. 2007-08. 2. The only issue involved in this appeal is the action of learned CIT(A), by which he had upheld the addition of ₹ 3,00,000/- on account of payment of premium of Keyman s Insurance Policy. 3. At the outset, the learned AR submitted that learned CIT(A) had dismissed the appeal of assessee by following the earlier order of CIT(A), in the case of M/s Suri Sons in Appeal No.407/08-09/CIT(A)/Jalandhar. He further submitted tha .....

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We find that the only issue to be decided by us is regarding the allowability of Premium of Keyman Insurance Policy. We further find that this case was earlier decided by Hon ble Tribunal vide its order dated 13.05.2014 in favour of Revenue which was however recalled vide order dated 29.02.2016. We further find that learned CIT(A) had dismissed the appeal of assessee by following his order in the case of Suri Sons which itself has been decided by the Tribunal in ITA 37(Asr)/2010 vide its order .....

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d at the relevant point of time, which defined the keyman insurance policy as follows: For the purposes of this clause, "Keyman insurance policy" means a life insurance policy taken by a person on the life of another person who is or was the employee of the first mentioned person or is or was connected in any manner whatsoever with the business of the first-mentioned person 9. Vide Finance Act 2013, the following words have been added to this definition- and includes such policy which .....

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, a coordinate bench of this Tribunal, in the case of Shri Nidhi Corporation (supra), has observed as follows: It appears that after the assessee has purchased these policies, IRDA came up with circular dated 27th April 2005 that partnership insurance in the name of partner will not be covered under Keyman insurance but as a term insurance cover. Thus, such IRDA circular cannot be adversely viewed in case of the assessee as when the assessee has taken the policy under Keyman Insurance Scheme fro .....

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ium on such policy is liable for deduction as business expenditure. Thus, even if a Keyman insurance has been taken in the name of a partner by the partnership firm, then also the deduction has to be allowed on the payment of premium. The other main objections of the learned Commissioner (Appeals) has been that firstly, these are not insurance policy as such but are mainly for capital appreciation under the investment scheme and secondly, the assessee has not received the maturity sum but it has .....

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lining, supplied by us) 12. We are in considered agreement with the views so expressed by our distinguished colleagues. As long as a policy is an insurance policy, whether it involves a capital appreciation or is under any other investment scheme, it meets the tests laid down under section 10(10D). 13. The requirement of pure insurance policy is something which is not laid down by the statute. Yet, it is this which has been inferred by the authorities below. 14. Even if such an inference is desi .....

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rulata Shyam Vs CIT [(1977) 108 ITR 245 (SC)], a coordinate bench of this Tribunal, in the case of Tata Tea Limited Vs JCIT [(2003) 87 ITD 351 (Cal)], has explained this principle as follows: 8. Casus omissus, which broadly refers to the principle that a matter which has not been provided in the statute but should have been there, cannot be supplied by us, as, to do so will be clearly beyond the call and scope of our duty which is only to interpret the law as it exists. Hon ble Supreme Court, in .....

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to construe, but to amend the statute. Even if there be a casus omissus, the defect can be remedied only by legislation and not by judicial interpretation......To us, there appears no justification to depart from normal rule of construction according to which the intention of legislature is primarily to be gathered from the words used in the statute. It will be well to recall the words of Rowlatt. J. in Cape Brandy Syndicate vs. IRC (1921) 1 KB 64 (KB) at p. 71, that : "........... in a tax .....

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upon by the assessee, Their Lordships of Hon ble Supreme Court have referred to, with approval, Maxwell on Interpretation of Statutes observation that "A case not provided for in a statute is not to be dealt with merely because there seems no good reason why it should have been omitted, and that the omission appears in consequence to have been unintentional". Their Lordships then observed that "In other words, under the first principle, a casus omissus cannot be supplied by the C .....

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n mind the fact that the IRDA guidelines, no matter how relevant as these guidelines may be, have no role to play in the interpretation of the statutory provisions. IRDA is a body controlling the insurance companies and its guidance is relevant on how the insurance companies should conduct their business. Beyond this limited role, these guidelines do not affect how the provisions of the Income Tax Act are to be construed. Whenever the provisions of the other statututes are to be taken into accou .....

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atter, learned Assessing Officer s observations to the effect that, that the policy taken is keyman as per definition given in the Income Tax Act, i.e. policy taken by a person on the life of another person and also fulfilling the terms and conditions laid down by IRDA in this regard, necessity and expediency of the person being keyman and the policy taken for the benefit of the assessee firm (emphasis, by underling, supplied by the AO) are devoid of any legally sustainable merits. The fulfilmen .....

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that aspect, even if that be so, either. The keyman insurance policy is a defined concept and as long as it meets the requirements of this definition, the terminology given by the insurers have no relevance for the purposes of the Income Tax Act. All that is necessary is that it should be a life insurance policy, whether pure life insurance policy or not- as such criterion is not set out anywhere in the stature, and it should be taken on the life of a person who is, or has been, an employee of t .....

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latory and Development Act 1999. Section 14 of the Insurance Regulatory and Development Act, 1999, describes the duties, powers and functions of the IRDA as follows: 14. DUTIES, POWERS AND FUNCTIONS OF AUTHORITY. (1) Subject to the provisions of this Act and any other law for the time being in force, the Authority shall have the duty to regulate, promote and ensure orderly growth of the insurance business and re-insurance business. (2) Without prejudice to the generality of the provisions contai .....

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ions, code of conduct and practical training for intermediary or insurance intermediaries and agents; (d) specifying the code of conduct for surveyors and loss assessors; (e) promoting efficiency in the conduct of insurance business; (f) promoting and regulating professional organisations connected with the insurance and re-insurance business; (g) levying fees and other charges for carrying out the purposes of this Act; (h) calling for information from, undertaking inspection of, conducting enqu .....

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e maintained and statement of accounts shall be rendered by insurers and other insurance intermediaries; (k) regulating investment of funds by insurance companies; (l) regulating maintenance of margin of solvency; (m) adjudication of disputes between insurers and intermediaries or insurance intermediaries; (n) supervising the functioning of the Tariff Advisory Committee; (o) specifying the percentage of premium income of the insurer to finance schemes for promoting and regulating professional or .....

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s in the business of the insurance. It does not, and cannot, regulate the conduct of the policy holders. As in Section 14(2)(b), if at all it has anything to do with the policyholders, it is protection of interest of the policyholders. It is in this background that we have to see the circulars issued by the IRDA. In the circular dated 27th April, 2005, the IRDA states as follows: The Authority is aware that some of the aberrations have taken place in the month of March 2005 in the matter of sale .....

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errations in sale of keyman insurance policies and it is was a direction to the insurance companies that effect 27th April 2005 only term insurance policies should be issued as keyman insurance cover. That is between the regulatory authority and the insurance companies as to what should be allowed to be marketed as keyman insurance cover. However, it does not alter the requirements of Section 10(10D) which is for life insurance policy . What can be sold as a life insurance policy taken by a busi .....

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there on the statute and then proceed to give life and effect to the same. We had detailed discussions about this aspect of the matter in paragraph numbers 10 to 15 above, and, as we have held there, such an exercise is not permissible under the scheme of the Act. 19. What IRDA regulates is issuance of life insurance policies by the insurance companies to the policyholders on the lives of its employees, former employees and key personnel but once such a policy is issued it cannot but be treated .....

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man insurance policies on the short grounds that (a) the fall in turnover, apparently according to the Assessing Officer, shows that there was no commercial benefit from taking the keyman insurance cover; (b) the insurance policy was taken for the benefit of the partner rather than the firm; and (c) no necessity or expediency of the person being keyman and the policy being taken for the benefit of the firm was established. When benefit of policy was assigned to the insured, the policy cannot be .....

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he other issues raised by the Assessing Officer as such, we may refer to the following observations made, in this context, by Hon ble Delhi High Court in the case of CIT Vs Rajan Nanda etc. [(2012) 349 ITR 8 (Del)]: 25. After giving our due and thoughtful consideration to the submissions of the parties of both sides, we feel that the assessee has been able to make out a case in its favour and order of the Tribunal does not call for any interference. We are persuaded by the following reasons in s .....

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fore, by applicable in such a case. (ii) The Tribunal has rightly referred to and relied upon the CBDT's Circular dated 18.2.1998. This Circular is binding on the Income Tax Department, which categorically stipulates that premium on keyman policy should be allowed as business expenses. The assessee would, naturally, take into consideration such clarifications issued by the CBDT and would act on the basis thereof. When the assessee was given the impression, by means of the aforesaid Circular, .....

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received under a life insurance policy are not included in the computation of the total income of a person for a previous year. However, any sum received under a Keyman insurance policy is to be reckoned while computing the total income. For that purpose, a Keyman insurance policy means a life insurance policy taken by a person on the life of another person who is or was in employment as well as on a person on who is or was connected in any manner whatsoever with the business of the subscriber. .....

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uestion of expenditure incurred towards the payment of insurance premium on a Keyman insurance policy. The circular which has been issued by the Central Board of Direct Taxes clarifies the position by stipulating that the premium paid for a Keyman insurance policy is allowable as business expenditure. In the present case, on the question whether the premium which was paid by the firm could have been allowed as business expenditure, there is a finding of fact by the Tribunal that the firm had not .....

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aid towards such a policy only to a situation where the policy is in respect of the life of an employee. A Keyman insurance policy is obtained on the life of a partner to safeguard the firm against a disruption of the business that may result due to the premature death of a partner. Therefore, the expenditure which is laid out for the payment of premium on such a policy is incurred wholly and exclusively for the purposes of business." (iv) The argument of Mr. N.P. Sahni, learned counsel for .....

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dated 18.2.1998. (v) The expenditure incurred has to be tested on the touchstone of Section 37 of the Act and to see as to whether such expenditure is permissible or not. No doubt, the object of a keyman insurance policy is to enable business organizations to insure the life of a keyman in order to protect the business against the financial loss which may occur in the likely eventuality of premature death. Such an expenditure is treated as business expenditure by the Department itself and recogn .....

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sible under law, the argument of colourable device cannot be advanced by the Revenue. When expenditure of this nature is treated ^business expenditure' per se by the Department itself, there cannot be any question of raising the issue of want of business expediency. The learned counsel for the respondent is right in his submission that the Department could not sit on the armchair of the assessee and decide as to whether it was appropriate on business expediency for the assessee to incur such .....

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