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Shri Abhishek Lodha Versus DCIT CC7 (3) Mumbai

Validity of assessment u/s 153A r.w.s. 143(3) - time limit for issue of notice under Section 143(2) - Held that:- As the facts and circumstances in the instant case are parametric, respectfully following the order of the Tribunal having similar facts in case of other family members of the assessee, we do not find any merit in the order of lower authorities for making addition without finding and indicating any incriminating material and where time limit for issue of notice under Section 143(2) h .....

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ssessee is aggrieved for addition of ₹ 1,00,000/- on account of gift received during the year under consideration. 3. It was contended by learned AR that original return of income was filed u/s 139 on 30/10/2007 and the time limit for issue of notice under Section 143(2) of the Act was expired on 31/10/2008. However, there was a search under seizure action u/s. 132 on 10/01/2011, wherein no incriminating material was found. Addition was made in respect of the gift received by assessee whic .....

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ha in I.T.A.No.3456,3457 & 3458/M/2015 order dated 24/08/2016 was as under:- ITA No.3456,3457 & 3458/Mum/2015 2. In ITA No.3456 assessee is aggrieved for addition made u/s 153A r.w.s. 143(3) when there was no incriminating material found during the course of search and the assessment order has already been passed u/s 143(3) of the Act. In respect of AY 2008-09 we found that original return of income was filed u/s 139(1)of the Act on 26.12.08. Scrutiny assessment order u/s 143(3) was pass .....

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here were mistake in TDS certificate so filed by company. It was contended by ld. AR in the following decisions for non-abated year wherein assessment was completed u/s.143(1) of the Act no addition to the income can be made in an assessment made u/s.153A/1153C of the Act unless some incriminating material found during the course of the search. 1. All Cargo Global Logistics [374 ITR 645 (Bom)] 2. CIT v. Kabul Chawla [380 ITR 573 (Del)] 3. Suncity Alloys (P) Ltd. v. ACIT [124 TTJ 674 (Jod)]. 4. A .....

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es Pvt. Ltd. v DCIT (ITA No: 5174/Mum/2007) dated 23.09.2014(copy enclosed). 4. From the record we found that addition was made on account of notional rent of ₹ 75,600/- this addition has already been considered by AO while framing assessment u/s 143(3). No incrementing material was found during search so as to empower the AO to make addition in respect of completed assessments. We also found that no incriminating materials were found during course of search with respect to salary received .....

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te jurisdiction. In order to appreciate the controversy, it is pertinent to observe that Section 153A of the Act postulates the assessment in cases of search or requisition under section 132 or under section 132A of the Act respectively. The said section envisages that the Assessing Officer shall assess or reassess the total income for six assessment years immediately preceding the assessment year relevant to the previous year in which search was conducted. The second proviso to section 153A{1} .....

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f the Act, i.e. only one assessment shall be made for such assessment years based on the findings of the search as well as any other material existing or brought on record by the Assessing Officer. Notably, there would assessments in the period of the six assessment years identified in section 153A(1) of the Act, which would have become final (i.e. which are not pending on the date of search); such assessments do not abate in terms of the second proviso to sec.153A(1) of the Act. The scope and a .....

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rwise not based on any incriminating material found during the course of search. As per Hon'ble High Court, no addition could be made in respect of the assessment that had become final in the event no incriminating material was found during the course of search. The Hon'ble High Court also noticed its earlier judgment in the case of Murali Agro-products ltd. (supra) and elaborately culled out the scope and ambit of the assessment and reassessment of total income under section 153A(1) of .....

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sessing Officer. 5.1 Moreover, the Hon'ble Delhi High Court in the case of CIT(Central)-I1I vs. Kabul Chawla in ITA 707/2014 dated 28/08/2015 has extensively considered the legal position and summarized it in the following words:- "Summary of the legal position 37. On a conspectus of Section 153A(1) of the Act, read with the proviso thereto, and in the light of the law explained in the aforementioned decisions, the legal position that emerges is as under: i. Once a search takes place un .....

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terated and the abated assessment or reassessment can be made. The word 'assess' in Section 153A is relatable to abated proceedings (i.e. those pending on the date of search) and the word 'reassess' to completed assessment proceedings. iii. The AO will exercise normal assessment powers in respect of the six years previous to the relevant AY in which the search take place. The AO has the power to assess and reassess the 'total income' of the aforementioned six years in sep .....

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t the assessment " can be arbitrary or made without any relevance or nexus with the seized material. Obviously an assessment has to be made under this Section only on the basis of seized material. vi. Insofar as pending assessments are concerned, the jurisdiction to make the original assessment and the assessment under Section 153A merges into one. Only one assessment shall be made separately for each A Y on the basis of the findings of the search and any other material existing or brought .....

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ear under consideration stood completed on the date of search. I have perused the assessment order and find that there is nothing brought on record to suggest that any material was found during course of search in relation to the impugned addition. The entire discussion on this point in para-3 of the assessment order does not refer to any material found during the course of search leave alone any incriminating material. Therefore, in this factual background, I do not find any justification for t .....

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(supra), the impugned addition could not have been made in respect of an unabatable assessment which had otherwise become final, in the absence of any incriminating material having been found in the course of search, qua the impugned addition. Accordingly, I set aside the order of the CIT(A) and direct the Assessing Officer to delete the addition of ₹ 75,600/- as the same IS purported to be beyond the scope and ambit of assessment envisaged under section 153A of the Act. Thus, on this asp .....

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Court held, Head Note, reads as under :- A bare perusal of section 153A would indicate as to how a non-obstante clause has been inserted and with a defined intent. Where search is initiated under section 132 or books of account, other documents or any assets are requisitioned under section 132A after 31-5- 2003, that the Assessing Officer is in a position to and mandated to issue notice within the meaning of sub-section (1) of section 153A. That is because, Chapter XIII within which the powers o .....

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It is also open to the revenue to make a reassessment in cases where it exercises the powers to requisition books of account etc. This is because it is of the view that the books of account are required to be summoned or taken into custody. It, therefore, issues a summons in that regard. It may also requisition the books of account or other documents for that might be useful and or any assets representing withholding or part income or property which has not been or would not have been disclosed .....

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nt or reassessment of total income of six assessment years immediately preceding the assessment year relevant to the previous year in which such search is conducted or requisition has to be made. ■ There is much substance in the contentions of the assessee that the provisions such as section 153A enabling assessment in case of search or requisition making specific reference to the provisions which enable carrying out of search or exercise of power of requisition that the assessment in furt .....

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s that are pending on the date of conducting search under section 132 or making requisition under section 132A stand abated and not the assessments/reassessments already finalised for those assessment years covered under section 153A. By a Circular No. 8 of 2003, dated 18-9-2003 (See 263 ITR(St) 61 at 107) the CBDT has clarified that on initiation of proceedings under section 153A, the proceedings pending in appeal, revision or rectification proceedings against finalised assessment/reassessment .....

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is the pending assessment/reassessment proceedings which stood abated as per section 153A(1). ■ Once it is held that the assessment has attained finality, then the Assessing Officer while passing the independent assessment order under section 153A read with section 143 (3) could not have disturbed the assessment/reassessment order which has attained finality, unless the materials gathered in the course of the proceedings under section 153A establish that the reliefs granted under the final .....

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sential controversy before the Bench was somewhat different. Revenue urged that was only in relation to the legality and validity of the order of the Commissioner under section 263. Had that been the case, the Division Bench was not required to trace out the history of section 153A and the power that is conferred thereunder. When the revenue argued before the Division Bench that the power under section 153A can be invoked and exercised even in cases where the second proviso to sub-section (1) is .....

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at would abate and not where there are orders made of assessment or reassessment and which are in force on the date of initiation of the search or making of the requisition. As that specific argument was canvassed and dealt with by the Division Bench and that is how it was called upon to interpret section 153A , then, each of the above conclusions rendered by the Division Bench would bind the instant Court. ■ Even otherwise, Court is in agreement with the Division Bench when it observes as .....

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fter 31-3- 2003. There is a mandate to issue notices under section 153(1)(a) and assess or reassess the total income of six assessment years immediately preceding the assessment year relevant to the previous year in which such search is conducted or requisition is made. Thus, the crucial words 'search' and 'requisition' appear in the substantive provision and the provisos. That would throw light on the issue of applicability of the provision. It being enacted to a search or requi .....

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ecial Bench are specifically disapproved in CIT v. Anil Kumar Bhatia [2012] 24 taxmann.com 98/211 Taxman 453 (Delhi). However, this argument is not found to be accurate. Upon reading of the observations of the Delhi High Court as a whole and in entirety, it is not possible to agree with revenue that the High Court of Delhi reached a conclusion different than the view taken by the Division Bench. 7. ITAT Delhi Bench in the case of Jakson Enterprises, ITA No.383/Del/2013, order dated 27-5-2015, he .....

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there and the only requirement is that search has been conducted under sec. 132 of the Act. 10. Having gone through the decisions cited by the learned AR including the decision of Special Bench of the ITAT in the case of AL Cargo Global Logestic Ltd. vs. CIT (supra), we find that the ratio laid down therein, supports the contentions of the assessee on the issue. It reads as under: 58. Thus, question No. 1 before us is answered as under :- (a) In assessments that are abated, the AO retains the or .....

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closed income or property discovered in the course of search. 11. The issue raised before the Special Bench was as to whether scope of assessment u/s 153A encompasses additions not based on any incriminating material found during the course of search? 12. In the case of Kusum Gupta (supra) also the return was processed u/s 143(1) of the Act and time limit for issuance of notice u/s 143(2) had expired on the date of search and it was held that no assessment was pending in that case and thus there .....

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(Del.), while deciding the issue. The relevant para No. 8 & 9 in this regard is being reproduced as under :- 8. We are unable to accept the contention advanced on behalf of the Revenue for the reason that if both the pending and completed assessment were to be taken on same pedestal, then there was no need to enshrine second proviso to sec. 153A( 1) providing that the pending assessments within the period of six assessment years shall abate. The Hon'ble Delhi High Court in the case of An .....

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nts given by the Hon 'ble Delhi High Court in the case of Anil Kumar Bhatia (supra) about not making of any addition in respect of an assessment year for which the assessment is already completed unless some incriminating material is found during the course of search. This can be seen from the following observations of the Hon'ble High Court :- "20. A question may arise as to how this is sought to be achieved where an assessment order had already been passed in respect of all or any .....

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ear that where an assessment order has already been passed for a year(s) within the relevant six assessment years, then also the A.O is duty bound to reopen those proceedings and reassess the total income but by 'taking note of the undisclosed income if any, unearthed during the search'. The expression 'unearthed during the search' is quite significant to denote that in respect of completed or non-pending assessments, the Assessing Officer is albeit duty bound to assess or reasse .....

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that the Assessing Officer has no option but to determine the total income of the assessee in respect of the relevant six assessment years. However, the scope of such determination of total income is different in respect of the years for which the assessments are pending vis-a-vis the years for which assessments are non-pending. In respect to the assessment years for which the original assessments have already been completed on the date of search, the total income shall be determined by restric .....

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determined income plus income emanating from the incriminating material found during the course of search. In the other scenario of the assessments pending on the date of search which would abate in terms of second proviso to sec. 153A( 1), the total income shall be computed afresh uninfluenced by the fact whether or not there is any incriminating material. In fact, this is the position which follows when we read the judgment of the Hon'ble Delhi High Court in Anil Kumar Bhatia (supra) in j .....

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se of Anil Kr. Bhatia (supra) supports the case of the assessee that in absence of incriminating material found during the course of search an addition u/s 153A of the Act cannot be made in the assessment framed thereunder. The decisions relied upon by the ld. CIT, DR in the cases of Canara Housing Development Company vs. DCIT (supra) of Hon ble Karnataka High Court and Filatex India P. Ltd. vs. CIT (supra) of Hon ble Delhi High Court having distinguishable facts are not applicable in the presen .....

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rred in law in upholding the action of the AO in denying set off, of book loss unabsorbed depreciation relatable to earlier assessment year in terms of clause (III) of Explanation 1 to section 115JB of the Act? The relevant facts of that case noted in para no. 2 of the decision are that the AO in the proceedings u/s 153A of the Act, had made several additions, relying upon the incriminating material found in the course of search, which was conducted on 18.1.2006 and subsequent dates. In this par .....

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- assessee is that the addition, which is the subject matter of questions no. (II) and (III), was/is not justified in the assessment order u/s 153, as no incriminating material was found concerning the addition u/s 115JB of the Act. The Hon ble High Court has rejected this contention of the assessee with this finding that u/s 153A of the Act, the additions need not to be restricted or limited to the incriminating material, which was found during the course of search. Thus, it is clear from the f .....

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een rejected by the Hon ble High Court with the above finding. It was held by the Hon ble High Court that there cannot be multiple assessments, once sec. 153A of the Act is applicable. Section 153A(1) postulates one assessment; putting the total income of six assessment years immediately preceding the assessment year relevant to the previous year in which search was conducted or requisition was made. 14. In para no. 3 of the judgment the Hon ble Delhi High Court while discussing the cited decisi .....

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can be raised at any stage. We have examined sec. 153A of the Act and find that the submission/contention has no merit . 15. When we peruse the facts of the case in the case of Filatax India Ltd. and the question raised therein it comes out that in that case admittedly during the course of search incriminating material including statements were found and resulted in additions and the addition made u/s 115JB of the Act was not based upon any incriminating material. Thus, the question raised befo .....

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guishable facts this cited the decision in the case of Filatax India Ltd. (supra) is not helpful to the revenue. 16. So far as, the decision of Hon ble Karnataka High Court in the case of Canara Housing Development Company (supra) relied upon by the ld. CIT DR is concerned, the issue raised before the Hon ble High Court was regarding validity of revisional order passed u/s 263 of the Act by the ld. CIT partly upheld by the Tribunal and during that course the Hon ble High Court has also been plea .....

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supra) has been pleased to hold that if any books of accounts or other documents relevant to the assessment had not been produced in the course of original assessment and found in the course of search, such books of accounts or other documents have to be taken into consideration while assessing or re-assessing the total income under the provisions of sec. 153A of the Act. Even any undisclosed income or undisclosed property has been found after the conclusions of the search, same would also be ta .....

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P Aviation Ltd. vs. DCIT (supra) where the validity of assessment framed u/s 153C was challenged it was held that if the AO is satisfied that any money, bullion, Jewellery or other valuable article or thing or books of account or documents seized in the course of the search belongs to a person other than the person who was searched, then such assets or books of accounts or documents shall be handed over by him to the AO having jurisdiction over such other person. Once, that is done, the AO havin .....

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ons supports the case of the assessee that in absence of incriminating material found during the course of search no addition can be made u/s 153A of the Act where the original assessment was already framed on the date of search. The Hon ble Karnataka High Court in the case of Canara Housing Development Company (supra) has, however, been pleased to express different view, however, as per the established proposition of law, we are bound to follow the decision of Hon ble Jurisdictional Delhi High .....

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incriminating material was found during the course of search relating to the assessee for the assessment year under consideration to justify the additions made in the year by the Assessing Officer and assessment based on the original return of income filed under sec. 139 of the Act was not pending as on the date of search, we following the above cited decisions by the learned AR, discussed above, hold that the assessment framed under sec. 153A read with sec. 143(3) of the Income-tax Act, 1961 fo .....

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se grounds thus do not require any adjudication. The same are being disposed off as such. 8. Similar view has been taken by ITAT Jodhpur in the case of Vishal Dembla, 40 taxmann.com 134, wherein it was held that where the assessee has already submitted his return prior to search which has attained finality and no incriminating document was found during the search, gifts already disclosed by the assessee in the return of income which has attained finality, could not be disturbed u/s.153A. 9. The .....

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articular income could be treated as 'undisclosed income' or whether a particular income could be said to be relatable to the material found during the course of search, etc. which led to prolonged litigation. To overcome that difficulty, the legislature by Finance Act, 2003, decided to discard Chapter XIV B provisions and introduce sections 153A, 153B and 153C in the Act. What section 153A contemplates is that, notwithstanding the regular provisions for assessment/reassessment contained .....

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those assessment years. The second proviso to section 153A provides for abatement of assessment/reassessment proceedings which are pending on the date of search/requisition. Section 153A(2) provides that when the assessment made under section 153(A)(1) is annulled, the assessment or reassessment that stood abated shall stand revived. Thus, on a plain reading of section 153A, it becomes clear that on initiation of proceedings under section 153A, it is only the assessment/reassessment proceedings .....

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e finalised assessments/reassessments do not abate, the appeal, revision or rectification pending against finalised assessments/reassessments would not abate. Therefore, the argument of the revenue, that on initiation of proceedings under section 153A, the assessments/reassessments finalised for the assessments years covered under section 153A stand abated cannot be accepted. Similarly on annulment of assessment made under section 153A(1) what stands revived is the pending assessment/reassessmen .....

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urse of 153A proceedings. In the present case there was nothing on record to suggest that any material was unearthed during the search or during the 153A proceedings which would show that relief under section 80HHC was erroneous. In such a case, the Assessing Officer while passing the assessment order under section 153A read with section 143(3) could not have disturbed original assessment order relating to section 80HHC deduction and consequently the Commissioner could not have invoked jurisdict .....

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on period of 12 months from the end of the month in which return is furnished as per the proviso to clause (ii) of section 143(2) [as was existing at the time of relevant assessment year]. Once the limitation period as prescribed vide proviso to clause (ii) of sub-section (2) of section 143 is expired, it is not open to the Assessing Officer to assess the income under section 143(3) and the return filed by the assessee under section 139 is deemed to be accepted, which however, can be re-opened u .....

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ferent colour other than the return which is processed under section 143(3). Admittedly, in the case in hand, the return was processed under section 143(1) but the same has attained finality due to the expiry of limitation period of twelve months from the end of the month in which the return was filed. Hence, the assessment is deemed to be completed and not pending on the date of search on 14-8-2008. Admittedly, no incriminating material was found from the premises of the assessee during the sea .....

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to re-assess the income under section 153A, even without any incriminating material found during the search action, is not tenable. The next argument of the revenue has been that since in the case in hand, no books of account were found during the search action that itself is the incriminating material against the assessee, has no force of law. Though the revenue may not be satisfied with the explanation of the assessee that the books of account were lost in flood, still the assessment or addit .....

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rld of difference between conclusions in two cases. There is no doubt about the above said proposition of law laid down by the Supreme Court. The Court must observe the facts and circumstances of the case under which a certain proposition of law is laid down by the Supreme Court and then to compare the same with the facts and circumstances of the case under adjudication before it. However, this proposition of law, put by the revenue, is of no help to the revenue but to the assessee only. In view .....

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axmann.com 101, Mumbai Tribunal in the case of Nikki Agarwal, ITA No.879/Mum/2011, order dated 22-1-2014, Mumbai Tribunal in the case of Shri Parag M. Sanghvi, ITA No.8027/Mum/2010, order dated 30-9-2015, Jaipur Tribunal in the case of M/s Jadau Jewellers & Manufacturers Pvt. Ltd., ITA No.686/JP/2014, order dated 14-12-2015, ITAT Delhi Bench in the case of M/s Rakam Money Matters Pvt. Ltd., ITA No.2821/Del/2011, order dated 10-16-2014. Our view is also supported by following decisions :- i) .....

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velopers vs. DCIT [2014] 166 TTJ 25 vii) ITAT Pune Bench in case of ACIT vs. SRJ Peety Steels P. Ltd. [2011] 137 TTJ 627 viii) Mumbai Tribunal in the case of Nikki Agarwal vs. ACIT dated 22-01-2014 being ITA No. 879jMj2011 [20 14-TIOL-75-ITAT-MUM] ix) Mumbai Tribunal in the case of Parag M. Sanghvi vs. ACIT in ITA No. 8027/Mum/2010 dated 30-09-2015 x) Mumbai Tribunal in the case of Zeenat P. Sanghvi vs. DCIT in ITA No. 8026/Mum/2010 dated 19-12-2014 xi) Jaipur Tribunal in the case of Jadau Jewel .....

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High Courts and Tribunals and summarized the legal position in paragraph 37 and at the conclusion of the case in paragraph 38, which are reproduced below:- Summary of the legal position. 37. On a conspectus of Section 153A(1) of the Act, read with the provisos thereto, and in the light of the law explained in the aforementioned decisions, the legal position that emerges is as under:- i. Once a search takes place under Section 132 of the Act, notice under Section 153A(1) will have to be mandator .....

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assess and reassess the total income of the aforementioned six years in separate assessment orders for each of the six years. In other words there will be only one assessment order in respect of each of the six AYs in which both the disclosed and the undisclosed income would be brought to tax . iv. Although Section 153A does not say that additions should be strictly made on the basis of evidence found in the course of the search, or other post-search material or information available with the AO .....

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e of search) and the word reassess to completed assessment proceedings. vi. Insofar as pending assessments are concerned, the jurisdiction to make the original assessment and the assessment under Section 153A merges into one. Only one assessment shall be made separately for each AY on the basis of the findings of the search and any other material existing or brought on the record of the AO. vii. Completed assessments can be interfered with by the AO while making the assessment under Section 153A .....

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no additions could have been made to the income already assessed. 14. In clause (iv) above, their Lordships held Obviously an assessment has to be made under this Section only on the basis of seized material . In clause (v), the same is reiterated by holding In absence of any incriminating material, the completed assessment can be reiterated and the abated assessment or reassessment can be made . In clause (vii), it is stated Completed assessments can be interfered with by the AO while making th .....

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ent or indicate any undisclosed income or possibility of any income that may be remained undisclosed in the relevant assessment years. This Court in Commissioner of Income Tax (Central)-III v. Kabul Chawla : ITA 707/2014, decided on 28 th August, 2015 = 2015-TIOL-2006-HC-DEL-IT has held that completed assessments could only be interfered with by the AO on the basis of any incriminating material unearthed during the course of the search or requisition of the documents. In absence of any incrimina .....

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ding as on the date of search. Furthermore no incrementing material was found during the course of search warranting the addition of ₹ 75,600/- made on account of notional interest. Following the propositions discussed herein above we do not find any merit in the action of AO for making addition in respect of completed assessments, without any incrementing material found during course of search. 16. In the net result, the appeal filed by the assessee for A.Y.2008-09 & 2009-2010 are all .....

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s the value has been taken by AO in the AY 2009-10 at ₹ 3,000 per month, it would be reasonable to take value at 10% higher in the A.Y.2010-2011. Accordingly we direct the AO to make addition on account of estimated value of shop at Nalashopara by taking the value at ₹ 3,300/- per month. We direct accordingly. 19. In the result appeal is allowed in part. ITA No.3465 & 3466/Mum/15 ( aY : 2008-09 & 2009-10) 20. In both these appeals assessee is aggrieved for addition made u/s 1 .....

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