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2008 (3) TMI 719 - DELHI HIGH COURT

2008 (3) TMI 719 - DELHI HIGH COURT - TMI - Dated:- 7-3-2008 - S Muralidhar, J. JUDGMENT S. Muralidhar, J. 1. This petition under Section 482 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (CrPC) seeks the quashing of Complaint Case No. 458 of 2001 titled 'Air Force Group Insurance Society (AFGIS) v. PAAM Pharmaceuticals Ltd. and Ors.' under Sections 120B read with 404/415/420/467/468/471/477A Indian Penal Code (IPC) pending in the Court of the learned Metropolitan Magistrate (MM), Delhi, in so .....

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is complaint, the AFGIS instituted another complaint on 24th February 1999 against the same parties in respect of the dishonour of two cheques bearing Nos. 283825 for ₹ 4.5 lakhs and No. 283826 for Rs. One crore under Section 138 NI Act and 415/420 IPC. 3. A summoning order was passed on the second complaint on 23rd September 1999 by the learned MM. On the first complaint a separate summoning order was passed on 25th October 1999. 4. The AFGIS instituted a third complaint on 25th September .....

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ember 2000, CC No. 458 of 2001, in which the summoning order dated 12th November 2003 was passed, states that AFGIS made an investment of Rs. One crore with the Company for the subscription of non-convertible debentures (NCDs) of ₹ 100/- each earning a rate of 18 per cent per annum for a period of thirty-six months. It is stated that the Company pledged 5 lakh shares of the Company with the AFGIS as security till the debentures certificates were handed over. It is stated that despite the a .....

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of the learned Counsel for the Petitioners is that in view of the judgment of the Supreme Court in G. Sagar Suri v. State of U.P. , the subsequent complaint on the same set of facts was bad in law. He also relies upon the judgment in T.T. Antony v. State of Kerala 2001 II AD (Cr.) S.C. 513 to the effect that if on the same transaction a second FIR could not be registered, then by the same analogy a third complaint also could not have been registered. It is further pointed out that in terms of C .....

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each of the complaints filed earlier and the present complaint. The first complaint filed on 1st December 1998 is by the same complainant AFGIS and the accused is shown as the Company, Shri Anil Bhargava (Petitioner No. 1 herein as its Chairman) and Arvind Bhargava (Petitioner No. 2 herein as its Director). Para 3 of the complaint refers to the fact that the Company approached AFGIS with a proposal inviting investment in privately placed NCDs of the Company for a sum of ₹ 5 crores for thir .....

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ebruary 1999 is on the same set of facts but in relation to the dishonor of the two cheques dated 31st December 1998 for a sum of ₹ 4.5 lakhs each. Neither of these complaints makes a reference to the fact that an agreement had been entered into between the Company and the AFGIS concerning latter's investment of ₹ 1 crore in the NCDs of the Company. They make no reference to the clauses of that agreement. 9. The third complaint CC No. 458 of 2001 filed by AFGIS on 25th September .....

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eques dated 31st December 1998 which stood dishonoured. However, there is no mention of the fact that the two complaints had earlier been filed in respect of the dishonor of the cheques. 10. There can be no manner of doubt on a conjoint reading of the three complaints that they relate to the same set of facts. There is absolutely no explanation as to why the first two complaints did not advert to the fact of the deposit of five lakh shares of the Company with AFGIS as security. There is likewise .....

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rt disapproved the tactic of filing a subsequent criminal case on the same set of allegations and termed that as an abuse of the process of the court. In para 14, the Supreme Court in G. Sagar Suri observed as under: (SCC p. 645) 14. We agree with the submission of the appellants that the whole attempt of the complainant is evidently to rope in all the members of the family particularly those who are the parents of the Managing Director of Ganga Automobiles Ltd. in the instant criminal case with .....

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