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Broadcom Communications Technologies Private Limited, Versus The Deputy Commissioner of Income-Tax, Circle 11 (2) , Bangalore.

2015 (6) TMI 1122 - ITAT BANGALORE

Adjustment in the arm’s length price(ALP) of international transaction - Held that:- The Assessee is a wholly owned subsidiary of Beceem Communications Inc. USA. The Assessee rendered software development services to its holding company thus companies functionally dissimilar with that of assessee need to be deselected from final list of comparable. - Deduction u/s.10A computation - Held that:- Taking into consideration the decision rendered by the Hon’ble High Court of Karnataka in the case .....

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e hold that expenditure incurred on purchase of software should be allowed as revenue expenditure. - IT(TP)A No. 1276/Bang/2011 - Dated:- 11-6-2015 - SHRI N.V. VASUDEVAN, JUDICIAL MEMBER AND SHRI ABRAHAM P. GEORGE, ACCOUNTANT MEMBER Appellant by : Ms. Shreya Loyalka, CA Respondent by : Shri Farahat Hussain Qureshi, CIT-II(DR) O R D E R Per N.V. Vasudevan, Judicial Member This appeal by the assessee is against the order dated 4.10.2012 of the Deputy Commissioner of Income-Tax, Circle 11(2), Banga .....

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r the provisions of Sec.92 of the Income Tax Act, 1961 (Act). The Assessee has also filed an additional ground of appeal in which the Assessee seeks exclusion of a comparable chosen by the Transfer Pricing Officer (TPO) Helios and Matheson Information Technology Ltd., on the ground that this company does not accept the legally acceptable criteria for comparability. The Assessee has also stated in the application for raising additional ground that this company was not objected to as not comparabl .....

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se of Quark Systems Pvt. Ltd. 38 SOT 307 (SB) (Chdg.) for the proposition that the taxpayer can reject a company selected by it in its TP study as not being comparable even if such a plea is raised for the first time before the Tribunal. The learned DR opposed the prayer for admission of additional grounds of appeal. 3. We are of the view that the question as to whether the aforesaid company is comparable or not with the Assessee company in terms of FAR analysis, has to be decided on the basis o .....

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permitted to chance its stand now, we are of the view that the decision of the Special Bench, Chandigarh in the case of Quark Systems (supra) clearly supports the plea of the Assessee. The Special Bench in the aforesaid decision in the case of Quark Systems (supra) has after considering the OECD Commentaries observed as follows: 35. In para 4.16 of latest report, the OECD provides the following guidelines : "In practice, neither countries nor taxpayers should misuse the burden of proof in .....

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pricing. A tax administration should be prepared to make good faith showing that its determination of transfer pricing is consistent with the arm s length principle even where the burden of proof is on the taxpayer, and the taxpayers similarly should be prepared to make good faith showing that their transfer pricing is consistent with the arm s length principle regardless of where the burden of proof lies." 36. The aforesaid decisions and guidelines may not be exactly on identical facts be .....

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we hold that taxpayer is not estopped from pointing out that Datamatics has wrongly been taken as comparable. While admitting additional ground of appeal raised by the assessee to require us to consider whether or not Datamatics should be included in the comparable, we make no comments on merit except observing that assessee from record has shown its prima facie case. Further claim may be examined by the Assessing Officer. This course we adopt as objection to the inclusion of Datamatics as compa .....

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ider such as the Assessee in several decisions rendered by the Tribunal, the main decision being in the case of Trilogy E-Business Software India Pvt. Ltd. ITA No.1054/Bang/2011 Bangalore ITAT. The decisions rendered by the Tribunal are later in point of time to the Transfer Pricing Study undertaken by the Assessee. The Assessee is entitled to take note of the subsequent judicial pronouncement and seek to exclude a company which is functionally not comparable with that of the Assessee. As held b .....

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rendered software development services to its holding company and the said transaction was an international transaction of the Assessee with its Associated Enterprise (AE). The said transaction had to pass the Arm s Length Price (ALP) test as provided u/s.92 of the Income Tax Act, 1961 (Act). Financial Results of the Assessee for the F Y 2006-07 Description Software Development Services Amount Operating Revenue Rs.39,32,06,620/- Operating Cost . . . . Rs.34,88,02,733/- Operating Profit (PBIT) R .....

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Ltd 36.63% 178.63 9 iGate Global Solutions Ltd 7.49% 747.27 10 Infosys Technologies Ltd 40.30% 13149 11 Ishir Infotech Ltd 30.12% 7.42 12 KALS Information Systems Ltd (Seg.) 30.55% 2.00 13 LGS Global Ltd (Lanco Global Solutions Ltd) 15.75% 45.39 14 Lucid Software Ltd 19.37% 1.70 15 Mediasoft Solutions Ltd 3.66% 1.85 16 Megasoft Ltd 60.23% 139.33 17 Mindtree Ltd 16.90% 590.35 18 Persistent Systems Ltd 24.52% 293.75 19 Quintegra Solutions Ltd 12.56% 62.72 20 R S Software (India) Ltd 13.47% 101.04 .....

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factoring the working capital adjustment of 2.56%, the adjusted arithmetic mean was determined at 22.58%. The computation of the ALP by the TPO in this regard was as follows:- 23.6 Computation of Arms Length Price: The arithmetic mean of the Profit Level indicators is taken as the arms length margin. (Please see Annexure B For details of computation of PLI of the comparables). Based on this, the arms length price of the software development services rendered by you is computed as under: Arithme .....

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377; 42,75,62,390/- Price charged in the international transactions Rs.39,32,06,620/- Shortfall being adjustment u/s.92CA Rs.3,43,55,770/- The above shortfall of ₹ 3,43,55,770/- is treated as transfer pricing adjustment u/s 92CA. 8. Against the said adjustment proposed by the TPO which was incorporated in the draft assessment order by the AO, the assessee filed objections before the DRP. The DRP rejected those objections and confirmed the transfer pricing adjustment suggested by the TPO. T .....

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here the comparable companies have been held to be not comparable with that of an Assessee providing IT Software development Services for reasons of functionally being different, turnover being huge, employee cost not being upto the threshold limit. Before we proceed to consider the chart filed by the Assessee, we have to deal with the application for admission of additional ground filed by the Assessee. 10. We will proceed to consider the comparability of companies chosen by the TPO and listed .....

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elopment services provider. The nature of services rendered by the Assessee in this appeal and the Assessee in the case of First Advantage Offshore Services Pvt.Ltd.(supra) are one and the same. This fact would be clear from the fact that the very same 26 companies were chosen as comparable in the case of the Assessee as well as in the case of First Advantage Offshore Services Pvt.Ltd.(supra). In coming to the aforesaid conclusion, the Tribunal in the case of First Advantage Offshore Services Pv .....

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l Transmatic 2) Avani Cimcon Technologies Ltd. 3) Celestial Labs Ltd. 4) KALS Information Systems Ltd. 19. The Tribunal in the case of Trilogy E-Business Software India Pvt.Ltd., while considering the issue of improper selection of comparables has held as under: (b) Avani Cimcon Technologies Ltd. 39. As far as this company is concerned, the plea of the Assessee has been that this company is functionally different from the assessee. Based on the information available in the company s website, whi .....

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revenue from software product and observed that in the absence of segmental details, Avani Cincom cannot be considered as comparable to the assessee who was rendering software development services only and it was held as follows:- 7.8 Avani Cincom Technologies Ltd. ( Avani Cincom ): Here in this case also the segmental details of operating income of IT services and sale of software products have not been provided so as to see whether the profit ratio of this company can be taken into considerati .....

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ed that the margin of this company at 52.59% which represents abnormal circumstances and profits. The following figures were placed before us:- Particulars FYs 05-06 06-07 07-08 08-09 Operating Revenue 21761611 35477523 29342809 28039851 Operating Expns. 16417661 23249646 23359186 31108949 Operating Profit 5343950 12227877 5983623 (3069098) Operating Margin 32.55% 52.59% 25.62% - 9.87% 40. It was submitted that this company has made unusually high profit during the financial year 06-07. The oper .....

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e reasons given by the Assessee for excluding this company as comparable are found to be acceptable. The decision of ITAT (Mumbai) in the case of Telcordia Technologies Pvt. Ltd. v. ACIT (supra) also supports the plea of the assessee. We therefore accept the plea of the Assessee to reject this company as a comparable. (c) Celestial Labs Ltd. 42. As far as this company is concerned, the stand of the assessee is that it is absolutely a research & development company. In this regard, the follow .....

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n written off in 10 years equally yearly installments from the year in which it is incurred. An amount of ₹ 11,692,020/- has been debited to the Profit and Loss Account as Deferred Revenue Expenditure (page 30 of PB-II). This amounts to nearly 8.28 percent of the sales of this company. It was therefore submitted that the acceptance of this company as a comparable for the reason that it is into pure software development activities and is not engaged in R&D activities is bad in law. 43. .....

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a de novo drug design tool CELSUITE to drug discovery in, finding the lead molecules for drug discovery and protected the IPR by filing under the copy if sic (of) right/patent act. (Apprised and funded by Department of Science and Technology New Delhi) based on our insilico expertise (applying bio-informatics tools). The Company has developed a molecule to treat Leucoderma and multiple cancer and protected the IPR by filing the patent. The patent details have been discussed with Patent officials .....

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biotechnology facility to manufacture industrial enzymes. This facility would also include the research laboratories for carrying out further R & D activities to develop new candidates drug molecules and license them to Interested Pharma and Bio Companies across the GLOBE. The proposed Facility will be set up in Genome Valley at Hyderabad in Andhra Pradesh. According to the learned D.R. celestial labs is also in the field of research in pharmaceutical products and should be considered as com .....

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pt made to identify and eliminate and make adjustment of the profit margins so that the difference in functional comparability can be eliminated. By not resorting to such a process of making adjustment, the TPO has rendered this company as not qualifying for comparability. We therefore accept the plea of the Assessee in this regard. 44. It was submitted that the learned DR in the above case vehemently argued that this company is into research in pharmaceutical products. The ITAT concluded that t .....

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45. From the material available on record, it transpires that the TPO has accepted that up to AY 06-07 this company was classified as a Research and Development company. According to the TPO in AY 07-08 this company has been classified as software development service provider in the Capitaline/Prowess database as well as in the annual report of this company. The TPO has relied on the response from this company to a notice u/s.133(6) of the Act in which it has said that it is in the business of .....

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velops biotechnology products and provides related software development services. The TPO called for segmental data at the entity level from this company. The TPO also called for description of software development process. In response to the request of the TPO this company in its reply dated 29.3.2010 has given details of employees working in software development but it is not clear as to whether any segmental data was given or not. Besides the above there is no other detail in the TPO s order .....

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cts as stated in the DRHP. There is no reference to any reply by Celestial labs to the above clarification of the TPO. The TPO without any basis has however concluded that the business mentioned in the DRHP are the services or businesses that would be started by utilizing the funds garnered though the Initial Public Offer (IPO) and thus in no way connected with business operations of the company during FY 06-07. We are of the view that in the light of the submissions made by the Assessee and the .....

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d company has revenues from both software development and software products. Besides the above, it was also pointed out that this company is engaged in providing training. It was also submitted that as per the annual repot, the salary cost debited under the software development expenditure was Q 45,93,351. The same was less than 25% of the software services revenue and therefore the salary cost filter test fails in this case. Reference was made to the Pune Bench Tribunal s decision of the ITAT i .....

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of the Paper Book, it is explained that the said company is engaged in development of software products and services and is not comparable to software development services provided by the assessee. The appellant has submitted an extract on pages 185-186 of the Paper Book from the website of the company to establish that it is engaged in providing of I T enabled services and that the said company is into development of software products, etc. All these aspects have not been factually rebutted an .....

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ormation which was not available in public domain could not have been used by the TPO, when the same is contrary to the annual report of this company as highlighted by the Assessee in its letter dated 21.6.2010 to the TPO. We also find that in the decision referred to by the learned counsel for the Assessee, the Mumbai Bench of ITAT has held that this company was developing software products and not purely or mainly software development service provider. We therefore accept the plea of the Asses .....

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ollows: In regard to Accel Transmatics Ltd. the assessee submitted the company profile and its annual report for financial year 2005-06 from which the DRP noted that the business activities of the company were as under. (i) Transmatic system - design, development and manufacture of multi function kiosks Queue management system, ticket vending system (ii) Ushus Technologies - offshore development centre for embedded software, net work system, imaging technologies, outsourced product development ( .....

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the form of ACCEL IT and ACCEL animation services for 2D and 3D animation and therefore assessee s claim that this company was functionally different was accepted. DRP therefore directed the Assessing Officer to exclude ACCEL Transmatic Ltd. from the final list of comparables for the purpose of determining TNMM margin. 49. Besides the above, it was pointed out that this company has related party transactions which is more than the permitted level and therefore should not be taken for comparabili .....

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o by the ld. counsel for the assessee, has accepted that this company was not comparable in the case of the assessees engaged in software development services business. Accepting the argument of the ld. counsel for the assessee, we hold that the aforesaid company should be excluded as comparables. 20. Respectfully following the decision of the Tribunal in similar set of facts, these companies are directed to be excluded from the list of comparables. 12. Respectfully following the decision of the .....

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d companies are not comparable companies in the case of software development services provider. The nature of services rendered by the Assessee in this appeal and the Assessee in the case of First Advantage Offshore Services Pvt.Ltd.(supra) is one and the same. This fact would be clear from the fact that the very same 26 companies were chosen as comparable in the case of the Assessee as well as in the case of First Advantage Offshore Services Pvt. Ltd. (supra). The following were the relevant ob .....

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re us are similar and, therefore, the said decision is applicable to the assessee's case also. 23. The learned DR however objected to the exclusion of these two companies from the list of comparables. On a careful perusal of the material on record, we find that the Tribunal in the case of Mercedes Benz Research & Development India Pvt. Ltd. (cited supra) has taken a note of dissimilarities between the assessee therein and Lucid Software Ltd. As observed therein Lucid Software Ltd. compan .....

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the decision of the co-ordinate bench, we hold that these two companies are also to be excluded. 14. Respectfully following the decision of the Tribunal referred to above, we direct the AO/TPO to exclude the aforesaid companies from the final list of comparable companies for the purpose of determining ALP. 15. As far as comparable companies listed at Sl.No.16 of the final list of comparable companies chosen by the TPO viz., M/S.Megasoft Limited is concerned, this Tribunal in the case of First Ad .....

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as in the case of First Advantage Offshore Services Pvt.Ltd.(supra). In coming to the aforesaid conclusion, the Tribunal in the case of First Advantage Offshore Services Pvt.Ltd.(supra) followed the decision rendered in the case of Trilogy E-Business Software India Pvt.Ltd. Vs. DCIT ITA No.1064/Bang/2011 for AY 07-08 order dated 23.11.2012. The following were the relevant observations in the case of First Advantage Offshore Services Pvt.Ltd.(supra): 27. As far as adoption of Mega Soft Ltd., as o .....

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are two segments in this company viz., (i) software development segment, and (ii) software product segment. The Assessee is a pure software services provider and not a software product developer. According to the Assessee there is no break up of revenue between software products and software services business on a standalone basis of this comparable. The TPO relied on information which was given by this company in which this company had explained that it has two divisions viz., BLUEALLY DIVISIO .....

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ined that 30 to 40% of the product software would constitute packaged product and around 50% to 60% would constitute customized capabilities and expenses related to travelling, boarding and lodging expense. Based on the above reply, the TPO proceeded to hold that the comparable company was mainly into customization of software products developed (which was akin to product software) internally and that the portion of the revenue from development of software sold and used for customization was les .....

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egmental data. 25. In the order of the TPO, operating margin was computed for this company at 60.23%. It is the complaint of the assessee that the operating margins have been computed at entity level combining software services and software product segments. It was submitted that the product segment of Megasoft is substantially different from its software service segment. The product segment has employee cost of 27.65% whereas the software service segment has employee cost of 50%. Similarly, the .....

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show cause notice (Page 84 of PB-I). The segmental results i.e., results pertaining to software services segment of this company was: Segmental Operating Revenues Rs.63,71,32,544 Segmental Operating Expenses Rs.51,75,13,211 Operating Profit Rs.11,96,19,333 OP/TC (PLI) 23.11% 26. It was reiterated that in the given circumstances only PLI of software service segment viz., 23.11% ought to have been selected for comparison. 27. It was further submitted that the learned TPO in case of other comparabl .....

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are India Pvt.Ltd. 16. Respectfully following the decision of the Tribunal referred to above, we direct the AO/TPO to compute the correct margin of Mega Soft Ltd., as directed by the Tribunal in the case of First Advantage Offshore Services Pvt.Ltd. (supra). 17. As far as comparable companies listed at Sl.No.10, 24 & 26 of the final list of comparable companies chosen by the TPO viz., M/S.Infosys Technologies Limited, Tata Elxsi Ltd. (Seg.) & Wipro Limited are concerned, this Tribunal in .....

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any in the set of comparables, on the grounds of turnover and brand attributable profit margin. The TPO, however, rejected these objections raised by the assessee on the grounds that turnover and brand aspects were not materially relevant in the software development segment. 12.2 Before us, the assessee contended that this company is not functionally comparable to the assessee and in this context has cited various portions of the Annual Report of this company to this effect which is as under :- .....

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es is not available. (iii) This company has incurred huge research and development expenditure to the tune of approximately ₹ 200 Crores. (iv) This company has a revenue sharing agreement towards acquisition of IPR in AUTOLAY, a commercial software product used in designing high performance structural systems. (v) The assessee also placed reliance on the following judicial decisions :- (a) ITAT, Delhi Bench decision in the case of Agnity India Technologies India Pvt. Ltd. (ITA No.3856/Del/ .....

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e have heard the rival submissions and perused and carefully considered the material on record. We find that the assessee has brought on record sufficient evidence to establish that this company is functionally dis-similar and different from the assessee and hence is not comparable and the finding rendered in the case of Trilogy E-Business Software India Pvt. Ltd. (supra) for Assessment Year 2007-08 is applicable to this year also. The argument put forth by assessee's is that Infosys Technol .....

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e inclusion of this company in the list of comparables or several grounds like functional dis-similarity, brand value, size, etc. The TPO, however, brushed aside the objections of the assessee and included this company in the set of comparables. 13.2 Before us, the assessee contended that this company is functionally not comparable to the assessee for several reasons, which are as under : (i) This company owns significant intangibles in the nature of customer related intangibles and technology r .....

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es and carefully perused and considered the material on record. We find merit in the contentions of the assessee for exclusion of this company from the set of comparables. It is seen that this company is engaged both in software development and product development services. There is no information on the segmental bifurcation of revenue from sale of product and software services. The TPO appears to have adopted this company as a comparable without demonstrating how the company satisfies the soft .....

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nch of this Tribunal in the case of 24/7 Customer.Com Pvt. Ltd. (ITA No.227/Bang/2010) has held that a company owning intangibles cannot be compared to a low risk captive service provider who does not own any such intangible and hence does not have an additional advantage in the market. As the assessee in the case on hand does not own any intangibles, following the aforesaid decision of the co-ordinate bench of the Tribunal i.e. 24/7 Customer.Com Pvt. Ltd. (supra), we hold that this company cann .....

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TPO, however, rejected the contention put forth by the assessee and included this company in the set of comparables. 14.2 Before us, it was reiterated that this company is not functionally comparable to the assessee as it performs a variety of functions under the software development and services segment namely (a) Product design services (b) Innovation design engineering and (c) visual computing labs. In the submissions made the assessee had quoted relevant portions from the Annual Report of t .....

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ot purely software development services. The details in the Annual Report show that the segment software development services relates to design services and are not similar to software development services performed by the assessee. 14.4.2 The Hon'ble Mumbai Tribunal in the case of Telecordia Technologies India Pvt. Ltd. V ACIT (ITA No.7821/Mum/2011) has held that Tata Elxsi Ltd. is not a software development service provider and therefore it is not functionally comparable. In this context t .....

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by the TPO so as to consider it as a comparable party for comparing the profit ratio from product and services. Thus, on these facts, we are unable to treat this company as fit for comparability analysis for determining the arm s length price for the assessee, hence, should be excluded from the list of comparable portion. As can be seen from the extracts of the Annual Report of this company produced before us, the facts pertaining to Tata Elxsi have not changed from Assessment Year 2007-08 to A .....

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e TPO are concerned, viz., M/S. E-Zest Solutions Ltd., Persistent Systems Ltd., Quintegra Solutions Limited and Third ware Solutions Ltd., this Tribunal in the case of 3DPLM Software Solutions Ltd. I.T (T.P) A. No.1303/Bang/2012 (Assessment Year : 2008-09) order dated 28.11.2013 was pleased to hold that the aforesaid companies are not comparable with a company engaged in Software Development Services such as the Assessee. The following were the relevant observations of the Tribunal:- 14. E-Zest .....

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, the learned Authorised Representative contended that this company ought to be excluded from the list of comparables on the ground that it is functionally different to the assessee. It is submitted by the learned Authorised Representative that this company is engaged in e-Business Consulting Services , consisting of Web Strategy Services, I T design services and in Technology Consulting Services including product development consulting services. These services, the learned Authorised Representa .....

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company s functional profile. It is also submitted by the learned Authorised Representative that KPO services are not comparable to software development services and therefore companies rendering KPO services ought not to be considered as comparable to software development companies and relied on the decision of the co-ordinate bench in the case of Capital IQ Information Systems (India) (P) Ltd. in ITA No.1961(Hyd)/2011 dt.23.11.2012 and prayed that in view of the above reasons, this company i.e .....

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133(6) of the Act. It appears that the TPO has not examined the services rendered by the company to give a finding whether the services performed by this company are similar to the software development services performed by the assessee. From the details on record, we find that while the assessee is into software development services, this company i.e. e-Zest Solutions Ltd., is rendering product development services and high end technical services which come under the category of KPO services. .....

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TPO is accordingly directed. 15. Thirdware Solutions Ltd. (Segment) 15.1 This company was proposed for inclusion in the list of comparables by the TPO. Before the TPO, the assessee objected to the inclusion of this company in the list of comparables on the ground that its turnover was in excess of ₹ 500 Crores. Before us, the assessee has objected to the inclusion of this company as a comparable for the reason that apart from software development services, it is in the business of product .....

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Ltd. (2008-TII-04- ITAT-PUNE-TP), the Tribunal has directed that this company be omitted as a comparable for software service providers, as its income includes income from sale of licences which has increased the margins of the company. The learned A.R. prayed that in the light of the above facts and in view of the afore cited decision of the Tribunal (supra), this company ought to be omitted from the list of comparables. 15.2 Per contra, the learned Departmental Representative supported the ac .....

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d Representative, the Pune Bench of the Tribunal in the case of E-Gain Communications Pvt. Ltd. (supra) has directed that since the income of this company includes income from sale of licenses, it ought to be rejected as a comparable for software development services. In the case on hand, the assessee is rendering software development services. In this factual view of the matter and following the afore cited decision of the Pune Tribunal (supra), we direct that this company be omitted from the l .....

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al Report for the company for Financial Year 2007-08, it is mainly a software development company and as per the details furnished in reply to the notice under section 133(6) of the Act, software development constitutes 96% of its revenues. In this view of the matter, the Assessing Officer included this company i.e. Persistent Systems Ltd., in the list of comparables as it qualified the functionality criterion. 17.1.2 Before us, the assessee objected to the inclusion of this company as a compara .....

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that this company, is predominantly engaged in Outsourced Software Product Development Services for independent software vendors and enterprises. (iii) Website extracts indicate that this company is in the business of product design services. (iv) The ITAT, Mumbai Bench in the case of Telecordia Technologies India Pvt. Ltd.(supra) while discussing the comparability of another company, namely Lucid Software Ltd. had rendered a finding that in the absence of segmental information, a company be tak .....

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company in the list of comparables. 17.3 We have heard the rival submissions and perused and carefully considered the material on record. It is seen from the details on record that this company i.e. Persistent Systems Ltd., is engaged in product development and product design services while the assessee is a software development services provider. We find that, as submitted by the assessee, the segmental details are not given separately. Therefore, following the principle enunciated in the decis .....

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o the inclusion of this company in the set of comparables on the ground that this company is functionally different and also that there were peculiar economic circumstances in the form of acquisitions made during the year. The TPO rejected the assessee's objections holding that this company qualifies all the filters applied by the TPO. On the issue of acquisitions, the TPO rejected the assessee's objections observing that the assessee has not adduced any evidence as to how this event had .....

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that it is engaged in preparatory software products and is therefore not similar to the assessee in the case on hand. (ii) In its Annual Report, the services rendered by the company are described as under : Leveraging its proven global model, Quintegra provides a full range of custom IT solutions (such as development, testing, maintenance, SAP, product engineering and infrastructure management services), proprietary software products and consultancy services in IT on various platforms and techno .....

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rights. The company has also applied for trade mark registration for one of its products, viz. Investor Protection Index Fund (IPIF). These measures will help the company enhance its products value and also mitigate risks. (iv) The TPO has applied the filter of excluding companies having peculiar economic circumstances. Quintegra fails the TPO s own filter since there have been acquisitions in this case, as is evidenced from the company s Annual Report for F.Y. 2007-08, the period under consider .....

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TPO in including this company in the set of comparables to the assessee for the period under consideration. 18.3.1 We have heard the rival submissions and perused and carefully considered the material on record. It is seen from the details brought on record that this company i.e.Quintegra Solutions Ltd. is engaged in product engineering services and is not purely a software development service provider as is the assessee in the case on hand. It is also seen that this company is also engaged in p .....

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ngibles and requires to be omitted form the list of comparables, as in the case on hand. 18.3.2 We also find from the Annual Report of Quintegra Solutions Ltd. that there have been acquisitions made by it in the period under consideration. It is settled principle that where extraordinary events have taken place, which has an effect on the performance of the company, then that company shall be removed from the list of comparables. 18.3.3 Respectfully following the decision of the co-ordinate benc .....

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comparable companies for the purpose of determining ALP. 21. As far as comparable chosen by the TPO at Sl.No.8 of the final list of comparable viz., M/S.Helios & Matheson Information Technology Ltd., we find that the said company has been held to be not comparable with a software service provider like the Assessee by the ITAT Pune Bench in the case of PTC Software (India)Pvt.Ltd. ITA.No.1605/PN/2011 (Asstt. Year : 2007-08) order dated 30.4.2013. The following were the relevant observations .....

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at both the aforesaid concerns are engaged in development and sale of software products which is functionally different from the services undertaken by the assessee in its IT-services segment. 17. As per the discussion in para 6.3.2. of the order of the TPO, the reason advanced for including KALS Information Systems Ltd., is to the effect that the said concern s application software segment is engaged in the development of software which can be considered as comparable to the assessee company. T .....

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e TPO in its written submissions, copy of which is placed in the Paper book at page 420.3 to 420.4. The assessee further pointed out that there was no bifurcation available between the business of sale of software products and the business of software services, and therefore, it was not appropriate to adopt the application software segment of the said concern for the purposes of comparability with the assessee s IT-Services Segment. The TPO however, noticed that though the application software s .....

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functionally comparable to the assessee s segment of IT-Services. 18. Before us, apart from reiterating the points raised before the TPO and the DRP, the Ld. Counsel submitted that in the immediately preceding assessment year of 2006-07, the said concern was evaluated by the assessee and was found functionally incomparable. For the said purpose, our reference has been invited to pages 421 to 542 of the Paper book, which is the copy of the Transfer Pricing study undertaken by the assessee for th .....

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raised by the assessee is potent in as much as it is quite evident that the said concern has not been found to be functionally comparable with the assessee in the immediately preceding assessment year and in the present year also, on the basis of the Annual Report, referred to in the written submissions addressed to the lower authorities, the assessee has correctly asserted out that the said concern was inter alia engaged in sale of software products, which was quite distinct from the activity .....

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concern is not comparable to the assessee s segment of IT services. 20. With regard to the inclusion of Helios & Matheson Information Technology Ltd., the assessee has raised similar arguments as in the case of KALS Information Solutions Ltd. (Seg). We have perused the relevant para of the order of the TPO i.e., 6.3.21, in terms of which the said concern has been included as a comparable concern. The assessee pointed out that as in the case of KALS Information Solutions Ltd. (Seg), in the in .....

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luded from the list of comparables. 22. Respectfully following the decision of the Tribunal referred to above, we direct the AO/TPO to exclude the aforesaid company from the final list of comparable companies for the purpose of determining ALP. 23. The ld. counsel for the assessee brought to our notice that out of the 26 comparable companies chosen by the TPO, the following companies will have to be excluded as the turnover of these companies are more than ₹ 200 crores and cannot be compar .....

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s Software India Pvt.Ltd. (supra) (ITA No.1338/Bang/2010) for same assessment year on the application of turnover filter and it was submitted that the aforesaid comparable companies have to be excluded from the final list of comparables selected by the TPO. 25. We have considered the submission of the learned counsel for the Assessee and the learned DR. In the case of Trilogy E-Business Software India (P) Ltd. (supra), this Tribunal on application of the turnover filter while selecting comparabl .....

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or the enterprises entering into such transaction, which are likely to materially affect the price or cost charged or paid or profit arising from such transaction in the open market. Further it is also necessary to see that wherever there are some differences such differences should be capable of reasonable accurate adjustment in monetary terms to eliminate the effect of such differences. It was his submission that size was an important facet of the comparability exercise. It was submitted that .....

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ying down identical proposition. We are not referring to those decisions as the decision of the Special Bench on this aspect would hold the field. Reference was also made to the OECD TP Guidelines, 2010 wherein it has been observed as follows:- Size criteria in terms of Sales, Assets or Number of Employees: The size of the transaction in absolute value or in proportion to the activities of the parties might affect the relative competitive positions of the buyer and seller and therefore comparabi .....

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lays down that if the differences are not material, the transactions would be comparable. These differences could either be with reference to the transaction or with reference to the enterprise. For instance, a transaction entered into by a ₹ 1,000 crore company cannot be compared with the transaction entered into by a ₹ 10 crore company. The two most obvious reasons are the size of the two companies and the relative economies of scale under which they operate. 13. It was further su .....

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31/Bang/2010, wherein relying on Dun and Bradstreet s analysis, the turnover of ₹ 1 crore to ₹ 200 crores was held to be proper. The following relevant observations were brought to our notice:- 9. Having heard both the parties and having considered the rival contentions and also the judicial precedents on the issue, we find that the TPO himself has rejected the companies which .ire (sic) making losses as comparables. This shows that there is a limit for the lower end for identifying .....

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enefits and therefore, the turnover also would come down reducing profit margin. Thus, as held by the various benches of the Tribunal, when companies which arc loss making are excluded from comparables, then the super profit making companies should also be excluded. For the purpose of classification of companies on the basis of net sales or turnover, we find that a reasonable classification has to be made. Dun & Bradstreet & Bradstreet and NASSCOM have given different ranges. Taking the .....

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e of making TP study. 15. It was brought to our notice that the above proposition has also been followed by the Honourable Bangalore ITAT in the following cases: 1. M/s Kodiak Networks (India) Private Limited Vs. ACIT (ITA No.1413/Bang/2010) 2. M/s Genesis Microchip (I) Private Limited Vs. DCIT (ITA No.1254/Bang/20l0). 3. Electronic for Imaging India Private Limited (ITA No. 1171/Bang/2010). It was finally submitted that companies having turnover more than ₹ 200 crores ought to be rejected .....

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t any income arising from an international transaction shall be computed having regard to the arm s length price. Sec.92-B provides that international transaction means a transaction between two or more associated enterprises, either or both of whom are nonresidents, in the nature of purchase, sale or lease of tangible or intangible property, or provision of services, or lending or borrowing money, or any other transaction having a bearing on the profits, income, losses or assets of such enterpr .....

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action attracting the provisions of Sec.92 of the Act. Sec.92C provides the manner of computation of Arm s length price in an international transaction and it provides:- (1) that the arm s length price in relation to an international transaction shall be determined by any of the following methods, being the most appropriate method, having regard to the nature of transaction or class of transaction or class of associated persons or functions performed by such persons or such other relevant factor .....

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length price shall be taken to be the arithmetical mean of such prices: Provided further that if the variation between the arm s length price so determined and price at which the international transaction has actually been undertaken does not exceed five per cent of the latter, the price at which the international transaction has actually been undertaken shall be deemed to be the arm s length price. (3) Where during the course of any proceeding for the assessment of income, the Assessing Office .....

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used in computation of the arm s length price is not reliable or correct; or (d) the assessee has failed to furnish, within the specified time, any information or document which he was required to furnish by a notice issued under sub-section (3) of section 92D, the Assessing Officer may proceed to determine the arm s length price in relation to the said international transaction in accordance with sub-sections (1) and (2), on the basis of such material or information or document available with h .....

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he enterprise from an international transaction entered into with an associated enterprise is computed in relation to costs incurred or sales effected or assets employed or to be employed by the enterprise or having regard to any other relevant base; (ii) the net profit margin realised by the enterprise or by an unrelated enterprise from a comparable uncontrolled transaction or a number of such transactions is computed having regard to the same base; (iii) the net profit margin referred to in su .....

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in sub-clause (iii); (v) the net profit margin thus established is then taken into account to arrive at an arm s length price in relation to the international transaction. (2) For the purposes of sub-rule (1), the comparability of an international transaction with an uncontrolled transaction shall be judged with reference to the following, namely:- (a) the specific characteristics of the property transferred or services provided in either transaction; (b) the functions performed, taking into acc .....

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and size of the markets, the laws and Government orders in force, costs of labour and capital in the markets, overall economic development and level of competition and whether the markets are wholesale or retail. (3) An uncontrolled transaction shall be comparable to an international transaction if- (i) none of the differences, if any, between the transactions being compared, or between the enterprises entering into such transactions are likely to materially affect the price or cost charged or .....

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nancial year may also be considered if such data reveals facts which could have an influence on the determination of transfer prices in relation to the transactions being compared. 19. A reading of the provisions of Rule 10B(2) of the Rules shows that uncontrolled transaction has to be compared with international transaction having regard to the factors set out therein. Before us there is no dispute that the TNMM is the most appropriate method for determining the ALP of the international transac .....

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e of turnover between 1 crore and 200 crores (as laid down in the case of Genesis Integrating Systems (India) Pvt. Ltd. v. DCIT, ITA No.1231/Bang/2010) . Thus, companies having turnover of more than 200 crores have to be eliminated from the list of comparables as laid down in several decisions referred to by the ld. counsel for the assessee. Applying those tests, the following companies will have to be excluded from the list of 26 comparables drawn by the TPO viz., Turnover Rs. (1) Flextronics S .....

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excluded from the list of comparable companies. The AO is directed to compute the Arithmetic mean by excluding the aforesaid companies from the list of comparable. 27. The AO/TPO is directed to compute the arithmetic mean of the profit margins of the remaining comparable companies after excluding the companies from the final list of 26 comparable companies chosen by the TPO and compare the same with the profit margin of the Assessee in accordance with the provisions of Sec.92C of the Act. 28. No .....

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xcluding while computing deduction u/s.10A of the Act telecommunication charges, broadband, internet expenses and certain other expenses incurred by the Assessee are to be excluded from export turnover on the ground that these expenses (except telecommunication charges) are not incurred in export of computer software outside India or rendering technical services rendered to clients outside India. It is the plea of the Assessee that at all times during the relevant previous year, it was engaged i .....

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a Elxsi Ltd [2012] 349 ITR 98 (Karn). 30. We have heard the ld. counsel for the assessee and the ld. DR on the issues raised in concise ground Nos.12 & 13. Taking into consideration the decision rendered by the Hon ble High Court of Karnataka in the case of CIT v. Tata Elxsi Ltd [2012] 349 ITR 98 (Karn), we are of the view that it would be just and appropriate to direct the Assessing Officer to exclude telecommunication charges, internet charges etc., both from export turnover and total turn .....

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cation software. 9. The Hon ble DRP has erred in law and on facts in upholding the AO s reasoning that expenditure on software is capital in nature even though the Appellant has submitted that it has acquired only the right to use the software and not the right to own the software. 10. Without prejudice to our above ground that expenses incurred on the right to use the application software should be treated as revenue expenditure, the Hon ble DRP has erred in law and on facts in upholding the le .....

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appropriate deduction under section 10A of the Act in respect of the above additions made to the net profits of the Company. 32. The DRP after considering the issue held that the expenditure on acquisition of software has resulted in enduring benefits of capital nature to the assessee. That expenditure which increases the efficiency and capacity of the apparatus established to earn profit is capital in nature. The DRP also held that the expenditure results in increasing the data storage, process .....

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. Paras 19 to 21 of the said order relevant to the present case read thus:- 19. The learned counsel for the assessee brought to our notice the decision of the Hon'ble Karnataka High Court in the case of IBM India Ltd., in ITA No.130/2007, dt 10.04.2013. The Hon'ble Karnataka High Court in the aforesaid decision considered the following question of law : Whether the Tribunal was correct in holding that the purchase of software amounting to ₹ 33,14,298/- should be allowed as a revenu .....

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r all but also with a view to bringing into existence an asset or an advantage for the enduring benefit, the same can be properly classified as capital expenditure. At the same time, even though the expenses are once and for all and may give an advantage for enduring benefit but is not with a view to bringing into existence any asset, the same cannot be always classified as capital expenditure. The test to be applied is, is it a part of company s working expenses or is it expenditure laid out as .....

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such software itself does not work on stand alone basis. The same has to be fitted to a computer system to work. Such software enhances the efficiency of the operation. It is an aid in manufacturing process rather than the tool itself. Thus, for payment of such application software, though there is an enduring benefit, it does not result into acquisition of any capital asset. The same merely enhances the productivity or efficiency and hence to be treated as revenue expenditure. In fact, this Cou .....

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a computer system to work, it enhances the efficiency of the operation. It is an aid in manufacturing process rather than the tool itself. Though certain application is an enduring benefit, it does not result into acquisition of any capital asset. It merely enhances the productivity or efficiency and therefore, it has to be treated as revenue expenditure In that view of the matter, the finding recorded by the Tribunal is in accordance with law and do not call for any interference. Accordingly, .....

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are which was claimed as revenue expenditure were not application software as was contended by the assessee in his submission before the CIT (A). In other words, the fact that the nature of the expenses as one being licence fees for using MS office and MS windows was not disputed by the Assessing Officer. He also pointed out that the AO did not dispute the contention before CIT(A) that the Assessee had not made double deduction once in the profit and loss account and again in the computation of .....

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