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GST – CONCEPT & STATUS – As on 3rd June, 2017

Goods and Services Tax - GST - Dated:- 10-6-2017 - Introduction: The introduction of Goods and Services Tax (GST) would be a very significant step in the field of indirect tax reforms in India. By amalgamating a large number of Central and State taxes into a single tax, it would mitigate cascading or double taxation in a major way and pave the way for a common national market. From the consumer point of view, the biggest advantage would be in terms of a reduction in the overall tax burden on goo .....

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roposed that GST would be introduced from 1stApril, 2010. The Empowered Committee of State Finance Ministers (EC) which had formulated the design of State VAT was requested to come up with a roadmap and structure for the GST. Joint Working Groups of officials having representatives of the States as well as the Centre were set up to examine various aspects of the GST and draw up reports specifically on exemptions and thresholds, taxation of services and taxation of inter-State supplies. Based on .....

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evy tax on the manufacture of goods (except alcoholic liquor for human consumption, opium, narcotics etc.) while the States have the powers to levy tax on sale of goods. In case of inter-State sales, the Centre has the power to levy a tax (the Central Sales Tax) but, the tax is collected and retained entirely by the originating States. As for services, it is the Centre alone that is empowered to levy service tax. Since the States are not empowered to levy any tax on the sale or purchase of goods .....

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the GST. 3.1 The assignment of concurrent jurisdiction to the Centre and the States for the levy of GST would require a unique institutional mechanism that would ensure that decisions about the structure, design and operation of GST are taken jointly by the two. For it to be effective, such a mechanism also needs to have Constitutional force. Constitution (One Hundred and First) Amendment Act, 2016: 4. To address all these and other issues, the Constitution (122nd Amendment) Bill was introduced .....

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or commerce (including imports) in goods or services. The Central Government will have the power to levy excise duty in addition to the GST on tobacco and tobacco products. The tax on supply of five specified petroleum products namely crude, high speed diesel, petrol, ATF and natural gas would be levied from a later date on the recommendation of GST Council. 4.1 A Goods and Services Tax Council (GSTC) shall be constituted comprising the Union Finance Minister, the Minister of State (Revenue) and .....

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equired for majority because Centre would have one-third weightage of the total votes cast and all the States taken together would have two-third of weightage of the total votes cast. 4.2 The Constitution Amendment Bill was passed by the Lok Sabha in May, 2015. The Bill was referred to the Select Committee of Rajya Sabha on 12.05.2015. The Select Committee had submitted its Report on the Bill on 22.07.2015. The Bill with certain amendments was finally passed in the Rajya Sabha and thereafter by .....

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the GSTC: (i) The threshold exemption limit would be ₹ 20 lakh. For special category States enumerated in article 279A of the Constitution, threshold exemption limit has been fixed at ₹ 10 lakh. (ii) Composition threshold shall be ₹ 50 lakh. Composition scheme shall not be available to inter-State suppliers, service providers (except restaurant service) and specified category of manufacturers. (iii) Existing tax incentive schemes of Central or State governments may be continue .....

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s Tax Network which is the addition to the list of exempted services under service tax. Rate for precious metals is an exception to four-tax slab-rule and the same has been fixed at 3%. A cess over the peak rate of 28% on certain specified luxury and demerit goods, like tobacco and tobacco products, pan masala, aerated waters, motor vehicles, would be imposed for a period of five years to compensate States for any revenue loss on account of implementation of GST. The list of services in case of .....

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divided equally in the ratio of 50% each for the Central and State tax administration. (vii) Powers under the IGST Act shall also be cross-empowered on the same basis as under CGST and SGST Acts with few exceptions. (viii) Power to collect GST in territorial waters shall be delegated by Central Government to the States. (ix) Formula and mechanism for GST Compensation Cess has been finalised. (x) Nine rules on registration, composition levy, valuation, tax invoice, input tax credit, payment, retu .....

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ds or on provision of services. (ii) GST would be based on the principle of destination based consumption taxation as against the present principle of origin based taxation. (iii) It would be a dual GST with the Centre and the States simultaneously levying it on a common base. The GST to be levied by the Centre would be called Central GST (CGST) and that to be levied by the States [including Union territories with legislature] would be called State GST (SGST). Union territories without legislatu .....

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; IGST would be levied at rates to be mutually agreed upon by the Centre and the States under the aegis of the GSTC. (viii) GST would replace the following taxes currently levied and collected by the Centre: a) Central Excise Duty; b) Duties of Excise (Medicinal and Toilet Preparations); c) Additional Duties of Excise (Goods of Special Importance); d) Additional Duties of Excise (Textiles and Textile Products); e) Additional Duties of Customs (commonly known as CVD); f) Special Additional Duty o .....

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uld apply to all goods and services except Alcohol for human consumption. (xi) GST on five specified petroleum products (Crude, Petrol, Diesel, ATF & Natural gas) would be applicable from a date to be recommended by the GSTC. (xii) Tobacco and tobacco products would be subject to GST. In addition, the Centre would continue to levy Central Excise duty. (xiii) A common threshold exemption would apply to both CGST and SGST. Taxpayers with an annual turnover of ₹ 20 lakh (Rs. 10 lakh for s .....

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r the Centre and the States as well as across States as far as possible. (xv) Exports would be zero-rated. (xvi) Credit of CGST paid on inputs may be used only for paying CGST on the output and the credit of SGST/UTGST paid on inputs may be used only for paying SGST/UTGST. In other words, the two streams of input tax credit (ITC) cannot be cross utilized, except in specified circumstances of inter-State supplies for payment of IGST. The credit would be permitted to be utilized in the following m .....

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GST is transferred by the originating State to the Centre. Similarly the IGST used for payment of SGST would be transferred by Centre to the destination State. Further the SGST portion of IGST collected on B2C supplies would also be transferred by Centre to the destination State. The transfer of funds would be carried out on the basis of information contained in the returns filed by the taxpayers. (xviii) Input Tax Credit (ITC) to be broad based by making it available in respect of taxes paid on .....

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agencies, who are recipients of supply, to deduct tax at the rate of 1% from the payment made or credited to the supplier where total value of supply, under a contract, exceeds two lakh and fifty thousand rupees. (xxii) Refund of tax to be sought by taxpayer or by any other person who has borne the incidence of tax within two years from the relevant date. (xxiii) Obligation on electronic commerce operators to collect tax at source , at such rate not exceeding two per cent. (2%) of net value of t .....

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s refund and its adjudication in normal cases. (xxvii) Limitation period for raising demand is five (5) years from the due date of filing of annual return or from the date of erroneous refund for raising demand for short-payment or non-payment of tax or erroneous refund and its adjudication in case of fraud, suppression or willful mis-statement. (xxviii) Arrears of tax to be recovered using various modes including detaining and sale of goods, movable and immovable property of defaulting taxable .....

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ling Authority would be constituted by States in order to enable the taxpayer to seek a binding clarity on taxation matters from the department. Centre would adopt such authority under CGST Act. (xxxiii) An anti-profiteering clause has been provided in order to ensure that business passes on the benefit of reduced tax incidence on goods or services or both to the consumers. (xxxiv) Elaborate transitional provisions have been provided for smooth transition of existing taxpayers to GST regime. Ben .....

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e economic growth; (v) Ultimately it will help in poverty eradication by generating more employment and more financial resources; (vi) More efficient neutralization of taxes especially for exports thereby making our products more competitive in the international market and give boost to Indian Exports; (vii) Improve the overall investment climate in the country which will naturally benefit the development in the states; (viii) Uniform SGST and IGST rates will reduce the incentive for evasion by .....

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present governing our indirect tax system leading to simplification and uniformity; (iii) Reduction in compliance costs - No multiple record keeping for a variety of taxes- so lesser investment of resources and manpower in maintaining records; (iv) Simplified and automated procedures for various processes such as registration, returns, refunds, tax payments, etc; (v) All interaction to be through the common GSTN portal- so less public interface between the taxpayer and the tax administration; (v .....

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tching of input tax credits all-across India thus making the process more transparent and accountable. (C) Benefit to Consumers: (i) Final price of goods is expected to be lower due to seamless flow of input tax credit between the manufacturer, retailer and service supplier; (ii) It is expected that a relatively large segment of small retailers will be either exempted from tax or will suffer very low tax rates under a compounding scheme- purchases from such entities will cost less for the consum .....

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g back-end IT modules for 27 States who have opted for the same. The migration of existing taxpayers has already started from November, 2016. The Revenue department of both Centre and States are pursuing the presently registered taxpayers to complete the necessary formalities on the IT system operated by GSTN for successful migration. About 75 percent of existing registrants have already migrated to the GST systems. 8.1 GSTN has selected 34 IT, ITeS and financial technology companies, to be call .....

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cted by all the legislatures. Also, unlike the State VAT, the date of commencement of this levy would have to be synchronized across the Centre and the States. This is because the IGST model cannot function unless the Centre and all the States participate simultaneously. Role of CBEC: 10. CBEC is playing an active role in the drafting of GST law and procedures, particularly the CGST and IGST law, which will be exclusive domain of the Centre. This apart, the CBEC would need to prepare, in advance .....

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f GST System for CBEC. The name of IT project of CBEC under GST is SAKSHAM involving a total project value of ₹ 2,256 crores. 10.1 It was also felt that the organizational structure and deployment of human resources needed a review for smooth and effective implementation of GST. A Working Group has after extensive deliberations and studies, submitted its Report which has been approved by the Government. 10.2 Augmentation of human resources would be necessary to handle large taxpayers base .....

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