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GST CONCEPT & STATUS

Goods and Services Tax - GST Law and Procedure - 01 - GST - CONCEPT & STATUS - As on 3rd June, 2017 Introduction: The introduction of Goods and Services Tax (GST) would be a very significant step in the field of indirect tax reforms in India. By amalgamating a large number of Central and State taxes into a single tax, it would mitigate cascading or double taxation in a major way and pave the way for a common national market. From the consumer point of view, the biggest advantage would be in .....

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nister in his Budget for 2006-07. Initially, it was proposed that GST would be introduced from 1stApril, 2010. The Empowered Committee of State Finance Ministers (EC) which had formulated the design of State VAT was requested to come up with a roadmap and structure for the GST. Joint Working Groups of officials having representatives of the States as well as the Centre were set up to examine various aspects of the GST and draw up reports specifically on exemptions and thresholds, taxation of ser .....

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he respective domains. The Centre has the powers to levy tax on the manufacture of goods (except alcoholic liquor for human consumption, opium, narcotics etc.) while the States have the powers to levy tax on sale of goods. In case of inter-State sales, the Centre has the power to levy a tax (the Central Sales Tax) but, the tax is collected and retained entirely by the originating States. As for services, it is the Centre alone that is empowered to levy service tax. Since the States are not empow .....

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mpower the Centre and the States to levy and collect the GST. 3.1 The assignment of concurrent jurisdiction to the Centre and the States for the levy of GST would require a unique institutional mechanism that would ensure that decisions about the structure, design and operation of GST are taken jointly by the two. For it to be effective, such a mechanism also needs to have Constitutional force. Constitution (One Hundred and First) Amendment Act, 2016: 4. To address all these and other issues, th .....

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evy GST (integrated tax - IGST) on inter-State trade or commerce (including imports) in goods or services. The Central Government will have the power to levy excise duty in addition to the GST on tobacco and tobacco products. The tax on supply of five specified petroleum products namely crude, high speed diesel, petrol, ATF and natural gas would be levied from a later date on the recommendation of GST Council. 4.1 A Goods and Services Tax Council (GSTC) shall be constituted comprising the Union .....

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otes cast. Centre and minimum of 20 States would be required for majority because Centre would have one-third weightage of the total votes cast and all the States taken together would have two-third of weightage of the total votes cast. 4.2 The Constitution Amendment Bill was passed by the Lok Sabha in May, 2015. The Bill was referred to the Select Committee of Rajya Sabha on 12.05.2015. The Select Committee had submitted its Report on the Bill on 22.07.2015. The Bill with certain amendments was .....

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far. The following major decisions have been taken by the GSTC: (i) The threshold exemption limit would be ₹ 20 lakh. For special category States enumerated in article 279A of the Constitution, threshold exemption limit has been fixed at ₹ 10 lakh. (ii) Composition threshold shall be ₹ 50 lakh. Composition scheme shall not be available to inter-State suppliers, service providers (except restaurant service) and specified category of manufacturers. (iii) Existing tax incentive sc .....

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ax law, except services supplied by Goods and Services Tax Network which is the addition to the list of exempted services under service tax. Rate for precious metals is an exception to four-tax slab-rule and the same has been fixed at 3%. A cess over the peak rate of 28% on certain specified luxury and demerit goods, like tobacco and tobacco products, pan masala, aerated waters, motor vehicles, would be imposed for a period of five years to compensate States for any revenue loss on account of im .....

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ers having turnover above ₹ 1.5 crore shall be divided equally in the ratio of 50% each for the Central and State tax administration. (vii) Powers under the IGST Act shall also be cross-empowered on the same basis as under CGST and SGST Acts with few exceptions. (viii) Power to collect GST in territorial waters shall be delegated by Central Government to the States. (ix) Formula and mechanism for GST Compensation Cess has been finalised. (x) Nine rules on registration, composition levy, va .....

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of tax on the manufacture of goods or on sale of goods or on provision of services. (ii) GST would be based on the principle of destination based consumption taxation as against the present principle of origin based taxation. (iii) It would be a dual GST with the Centre and the States simultaneously levying it on a common base. The GST to be levied by the Centre would be called Central GST (CGST) and that to be levied by the States [including Union territories with legislature] would be called .....

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would be subject to IGST. (vii) CGST, SGST /UTGST& IGST would be levied at rates to be mutually agreed upon by the Centre and the States under the aegis of the GSTC. (viii) GST would replace the following taxes currently levied and collected by the Centre: a) Central Excise Duty; b) Duties of Excise (Medicinal and Toilet Preparations); c) Additional Duties of Excise (Goods of Special Importance); d) Additional Duties of Excise (Textiles and Textile Products); e) Additional Duties of Customs .....

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hey relate to supply of goods or services. (x) GST would apply to all goods and services except Alcohol for human consumption. (xi) GST on five specified petroleum products (Crude, Petrol, Diesel, ATF & Natural gas) would be applicable from a date to be recommended by the GSTC. (xii) Tobacco and tobacco products would be subject to GST. In addition, the Centre would continue to levy Central Excise duty. (xiii) A common threshold exemption would apply to both CGST and SGST. Taxpayers with an .....

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ld be kept to a minimum and it would be harmonized for the Centre and the States as well as across States as far as possible. (xv) Exports would be zero-rated. (xvi) Credit of CGST paid on inputs may be used only for paying CGST on the output and the credit of SGST/UTGST paid on inputs may be used only for paying SGST/UTGST. In other words, the two streams of input tax credit (ITC) cannot be cross utilized, except in specified circumstances of inter-State supplies for payment of IGST. The credit .....

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ensure that the credit of SGST used for payment of IGST is transferred by the originating State to the Centre. Similarly the IGST used for payment of SGST would be transferred by Centre to the destination State. Further the SGST portion of IGST collected on B2C supplies would also be transferred by Centre to the destination State. The transfer of funds would be carried out on the basis of information contained in the returns filed by the taxpayers. (xviii) Input Tax Credit (ITC) to be broad bas .....

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rnment departments, local authorities and government agencies, who are recipients of supply, to deduct tax at the rate of 1% from the payment made or credited to the supplier where total value of supply, under a contract, exceeds two lakh and fifty thousand rupees. (xxii) Refund of tax to be sought by taxpayer or by any other person who has borne the incidence of tax within two years from the relevant date. (xxiii) Obligation on electronic commerce operators to collect tax at source , at such ra .....

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d for short-payment or non-payment of tax or erroneous refund and its adjudication in normal cases. (xxvii) Limitation period for raising demand is five (5) years from the due date of filing of annual return or from the date of erroneous refund for raising demand for short-payment or non-payment of tax or erroneous refund and its adjudication in case of fraud, suppression or willful mis-statement. (xxviii) Arrears of tax to be recovered using various modes including detaining and sale of goods, .....

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roposed legislation has been made. (xxxii) Advance Ruling Authority would be constituted by States in order to enable the taxpayer to seek a binding clarity on taxation matters from the department. Centre would adopt such authority under CGST Act. (xxxiii) An anti-profiteering clause has been provided in order to ensure that business passes on the benefit of reduced tax incidence on goods or services or both to the consumers. (xxxiv) Elaborate transitional provisions have been provided for smoot .....

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ase GDP with gainful employment leading to substantive economic growth; (v) Ultimately it will help in poverty eradication by generating more employment and more financial resources; (vi) More efficient neutralization of taxes especially for exports thereby making our products more competitive in the international market and give boost to Indian Exports; (vii) Improve the overall investment climate in the country which will naturally benefit the development in the states; (viii) Uniform SGST and .....

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Reductions in the multiplicity of taxes that are at present governing our indirect tax system leading to simplification and uniformity; (iii) Reduction in compliance costs - No multiple record keeping for a variety of taxes- so lesser investment of resources and manpower in maintaining records; (iv) Simplified and automated procedures for various processes such as registration, returns, refunds, tax payments, etc; (v) All interaction to be through the common GSTN portal- so less public interfac .....

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aining registration, refunds, etc; (ix) Electronic matching of input tax credits all-across India thus making the process more transparent and accountable. (C) Benefit to Consumers: (i) Final price of goods is expected to be lower due to seamless flow of input tax credit between the manufacturer, retailer and service supplier; (ii) It is expected that a relatively large segment of small retailers will be either exempted from tax or will suffer very low tax rates under a compounding scheme- purch .....

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se services to the taxpayers, GSTN would be developing back-end IT modules for 27 States who have opted for the same. The migration of existing taxpayers has already started from November, 2016. The Revenue department of both Centre and States are pursuing the presently registered taxpayers to complete the necessary formalities on the IT system operated by GSTN for successful migration. About 75 percent of existing registrants have already migrated to the GST systems. 8.1 GSTN has selected 34 IT .....

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tax can commence only after the GST Law has been enacted by all the legislatures. Also, unlike the State VAT, the date of commencement of this levy would have to be synchronized across the Centre and the States. This is because the IGST model cannot function unless the Centre and all the States participate simultaneously. Role of CBEC: 10. CBEC is playing an active role in the drafting of GST law and procedures, particularly the CGST and IGST law, which will be exclusive domain of the Centre. T .....

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constituted a Steering Committee for implementation of GST System for CBEC. The name of IT project of CBEC under GST is SAKSHAM involving a total project value of ₹ 2,256 crores. 10.1 It was also felt that the organizational structure and deployment of human resources needed a review for smooth and effective implementation of GST. A Working Group has after extensive deliberations and studies, submitted its Report which has been approved by the Government. 10.2 Augmentation of human resourc .....

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f State Governments. Officers of the office of CAG are also participating and getting trained in this training programme. More than 50000 officers (including around 20000 officers from States) have already been trained. 10.3 It is expected that a momentous reform like GST is popularized and familiarized to the trade and industry who are the vital stakeholders in successful implementation of this reform. Massive Public outreach and knowledge sharing programs being conducted by various formations .....

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Forum: REGISTRETION

Notification: Absolute Exemption from IGST on inter-State supplies of goods

Notification: CGST Rate Schedule u/s 9(1) - notifying rates of CGST @ 2.5%, 6%, 9%, 14%, 1.5% and 0.125% on Supply of Goods

Notification: seeks to exempt Skimmed milk powder, or concentrated milk

Forum: On what Value tax to be deducted at source (TDS)

Highlight: IGST Rate Schedule u/s 5(1) - notifying rates of IGST @ 5%, 12%, 18%, 28%, 3% and 0.25% on supply of goods. - Notification no. 1/2017 as amended vide notification dated 22-9-2017

Notification: IGST Rate Schedule u/s 5(1) - notifying rates of IGST @ 5%, 12%, 18%, 28%, 3% and 0.25% on supply of goods.

Highlight: National Advisory Committee on Accounting Standards - Tenure of the NACAS extended from one year to two years

Notification: National Advisory Committee on Accounting Standards

Forum: Duty Drawback- Urgent

Notification: Central Government appoints the 20th September, 2017 as the date on which proviso to clause (87) of section 2 of the Companies Act 2013, shall come into force - "subsidiary company" or "subsidiary"

Highlight: Restriction on number of layers for certain classes of holding companies - More than two layers of subsidiaries not allowed subject to certain exceptions.

Forum: GST on RCM on rent in a unregistered state

Forum: COMPOSITION SCHEME

Article: Websites of Government Departments need lot of improvement. We are noticing detoriations in them for example, case of website of ITAT.

Highlight: Levy of additions tax u/s 115O on distribution of dividend - shares of its profits declared as distributable among the shareholders is not impressed with the character of the profit from which it reaches the hands of the shareholder - not to be bifurcated as agriculture and non-agriculture dividend - SC

Highlight: Rate of GST on old and scrap buses - 28% or 18% - at such initial tender process initiated by the Respondents-KSRTC, the present petitions filed by the petitioners are premature and misconceived and do not require any interference by this Court at this stage. - HC

Highlight: In view of amendment made u/s 132A of the Income Tax Act, 1961 by Finance Act of 2017, the 'reason to believe' or 'reason to suspect', as the case may be, shall not be disclosed to any person or any authority or the Appellate Tribunal, SC dismissed the appeal of the assessee

Highlight: Validity of Assessment Order - period of limitation u/s 153 (2A) is applicable even if the entire order was not set aside but matter was remanded back for for limited aspects with directions - HC

News: Note ban was a shake-up, achieved its main objectives

Notification: Amendments in the notification No.5/2017- Integrated Tax (Rate) dated the 28th June, 2017.

Highlight: Levying interest u/s 234C - interest is to be charged on the returned income and not on assessed income.

Highlight: Accrual of income - sale of right to develop and sell incentive FSI under LOI - till the conditions of LOI are fulfilled transfer is not complete and income does not accrue to the assessee

Highlight: TPA - determination of ALP - TP adjustment by applying Bright Line Test (BLT) is not sustainable on protective basis having no statutory mandate.

Highlight: Safeguard Duty - Advance License Scheme - as there is no exemption from safeguard duty leviable under Section 8C, which is imposed on the goods imported from China, the importer has to pay safeguard duty

Highlight: Manufacture - process of cutting of waste plastic container - Such plastic containers before and after cutting are nothing but waste / scrap - Not a manufacturing activity as no new product emerges.

News: NITI Aayog and Govt. of Assam organizes workshop on health sector reforms in Guwahati; launches SATH- Sustainable Action for Transforming Human Capital

Notification: Seeks to amend notification no. 5/2017- central tax(rate) dated 28.06.2017 to give effect to gst council decisions regarding restriction of refund on corduroy fabrics

Notification: Seeks to amend notification no. 2/2017- central tax(rate) dated 28.06.2017 to give effect to gst council decisions regarding gst exemptions

Notification: Seeks to amend notification no. 2/2017- integrated tax(rate) dated 28.06.2017 to give effect to GST council decisions regarding GST exemptions.

Notification: Seeks to amend notification no. 1/2017- central tax(rate) dated 28.06.2017 to give effect to gst council decisions regarding gst rates

Notification: Seeks to amend notification no. 1/2017- integrated tax(rate) dated 28.06.2017 to give effect to gst council decisions regarding gst rates.

News: Notification Issued For GST Actionable Claim On Branded Food Products

Highlight: Classification printed computer stationary/manifold Business Forms - to be classified under Chapter Heading 4820.00 or under Chapter Heading 4901.90 - items like A4 sheets, advertisement and job card to be classified under Chapter 49

Article: RCM Applicability to persons not liable to get registered us 23(1)

Article: Credit of unsold stock [Section 140(3)] - Actual Credit as well as Notional Credit - Part-I - GST Transitional provisions

News: GST Refund - Blockage of Working Capital of Exporters - earlier also there was a normal blockage of funds for a period of 5-6 months at least

News: Clarification about Transition Credit - ₹ 1.27 lakh crore of credit of Central Excise and Service Tax was lying as closing balance as on 30th June, 2017 - claim of credit of ₹ 65,000 crore is not unexpected

Article: 20 Things You must know about E Way Bills in GST Law

Article: MISTAKES IN DRAFTING

Highlight: The Customs and Central Excise Duties Drawback Rules, 2017 and All Industry Rates (AIRs) of Drawback related changes -reg. - Circular

Highlight: The definition of "subsidiary company" or "subsidiary" u/s 2(87) of the Companies Act, 2013 shall come into force w.e.f. 20-9-2017

Highlight: Central Government notified the All Industry Rates of Duty Drawback Schedule w.e.f. 1.10.2017 - Notification

Notification: All Industry Rates of Duty Drawback Schedule w.e.f. 1.10.2017

Circular: Investment by Foreign Portfolio Investors in Corporate Debt Securities Review

Notification: Exemptions on supply of services under UTGST Act

Notification: Rates for supply of services under UTGST Act

Notification: Exemptions on supply of services under IGST Act

Notification: Rates for supply of services under IGST Act

Notification: List of Exempted supply of services under the CGST Act



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