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Home Acts & Rules Companies Law Rules Companies (Accounting Standard) Rules, 2006 Chapters List Chapter B B. Accounting Standard (AS) This
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AS - 27 - Financial Reporting of Interests in Joint Ventures - Companies (Accounting Standard) Rules, 2006

Extract

..... nder which the joint venture activities take place. 2. The requirements relating to accounting for joint ventures in consolidated financial statements, contained in this Standard, are applicable only where consolidated financial statements are prepared and presented by the venturer. Definitions 3. For the purpose of this Standard, the following terms are used with the meanings specified: 3.1 A joint venture is a contractual arrangement whereby two or more parties undertake an economic activity, which is subject to joint control. 3.2 Joint control is the contractually agreed sharing of control over an economic activity. 3.3 Control is the power to govern the financial and operating policies of an economic activity so as to obtain benefits from it. 3.4 A venturer is a party to a joint venture and has joint control over that joint venture. 3.5 An investor in a joint venture is a party to a joint venture and does not have joint control over that joint venture. 3.6 Proportionate consolidation is a method of accounting and reporting whereby a venturer's share of each of the assets, liabilities, income and expenses of a jointly controlled entity is reported as separate line items in t .....

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AS - 27 - Financial Reporting of Interests in Joint Ventures - Companies (Accounting Standard) Rules, 2006

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..... he arrangement identifies those decisions in areas essential to the goals of the joint venture which require the consent of all the venturers and those decisions which may require the consent of a specified majority of the venturers. 9. The contractual arrangement may identify one venturer as the operator or manager of the joint venture. The operator does not control the joint venture but acts within the financial and operating policies which have been agreed to by the venturers in accordance with the contractual arrangement and delegated to the operator. Jointly Controlled Operations 10. The operation of some joint ventures involves the use of the assets and other resources of the venturers rather than the establishment of a corporation, partnership or other entity, or a financial structure that is separate from the venturers themselves. Each venturer uses its own fixed assets and carries its own inventories. It also incurs its own expenses and liabilities and raises its own finance, which represent its own obligations. The joint venture's activities may be carried out by the venturer's employees alongside the venturer's similar activities. The joint venture agreement .....

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AS - 27 - Financial Reporting of Interests in Joint Ventures - Companies (Accounting Standard) Rules, 2006

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..... mple of a jointly controlled asset is an oil pipeline jointly controlled and operated by a number of oil production companies. Each venturer uses the pipeline to transport its own product in return for which it bears an agreed proportion of the expenses of operating the pipeline. Another example of a jointly controlled asset is when two enterprises jointly control a property, each taking a share of the rents received and bearing a share of the expenses. 18. In respect of its interest in jointly controlled assets, a venturer should recognise, in its separate financial statements, and consequently in its consolidated financial statements: (a) its share of the jointly controlled assets, classified according to the nature of the assets; (b) any liabilities which it has incurred; (c) its share of any liabilities incurred jointly with the other venturers in relation to the joint venture; (d) any income from the sale or use of its share of the output of the joint venture, together with its share of any expenses incurred by the joint venture; and (e) any expenses which it has incurred in respect of its interest in the joint venture. 19. In respect of its interest in jointly controlled asse .....

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AS - 27 - Financial Reporting of Interests in Joint Ventures - Companies (Accounting Standard) Rules, 2006

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..... name and raise finance for the purposes of the joint venture activity. Each venturer is entitled to a share of the results of the jointly controlled entity, although some jointly controlled entities also involve a sharing of the output of the joint venture. 23. An example of a jointly controlled entity is when two enterprises combine their activities in a particular line of business by transferring the relevant assets and liabilities into a jointly controlled entity. Another example is when an enterprise commences a business in a foreign country in conjunction with the government or other agency in that country, by establishing a separate entity which is jointly controlled by the enterprise and the government or agency. 24. Many jointly controlled entities are similar to those joint ventures referred to as jointly controlled operations or jointly controlled assets. For example, the venturers may transfer a jointly controlled asset, such as an oil pipeline, into a jointly controlled entity. Similarly, the venturers may contribute, into a jointly controlled entity, assets which will be operated jointly. Some jointly controlled operations also involve the establishment of a jointly c .....

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AS - 27 - Financial Reporting of Interests in Joint Ventures - Companies (Accounting Standard) Rules, 2006

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..... solidation method, until the investment is actually disposed off. Conversely, if the relevant investment is acquired with an intention to its subsequent disposal in near future, however, due to some valid reasons, it could not be disposed off within that period, the same will continue to be excluded from application of the proportionate consolidation method, provided there is no change in the intention. 29. When reporting an interest in a jointly controlled entity in consolidated financial statements, it is essential that a venturer reflects the substance and economic reality of the arrangement, rather than the joint venture's particular structure or form. In a jointly controlled entity, a venturer has control over its share of future economic benefits through its share of the assets and liabilities of the venture. This substance and economic reality is reflected in the consolidated financial statements of the venturer when the venturer reports its interests in the assets, liabilities, income and expenses of the jointly controlled entity by using proportionate consolidation. 30. The application of proportionate consolidation means that the consolidated balance sheet of the vent .....

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AS - 27 - Financial Reporting of Interests in Joint Ventures - Companies (Accounting Standard) Rules, 2006

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..... prepares consolidated financial statements using uniform accounting policies for the like transactions and events in similar circumstances. In case a jointly controlled entity uses accounting policies other than those adopted for the consolidated financial statements for like transactions and events in similar circumstances, appropriate adjustments are made to the financial statements of the jointly controlled entity when they are used by the venturer in applying proportionate consolidation. If it is not practicable to do so, that fact is disclosed together with the proportions of the items in the consolidated financial statements to which the different accounting policies have been applied. 35. While giving effect to proportionate consolidation, it is inappropriate to offset any assets or liabilities by the deduction of other liabilities or assets or any income or expenses by the deduction of other expenses or income, unless a legal right of set-off exists and the offsetting represents the expectation as to the realisation of the asset or the settlement of the liability. 36. Any excess of the cost to the venturer of its interest in a jointly controlled entity over its share of net .....

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AS - 27 - Financial Reporting of Interests in Joint Ventures - Companies (Accounting Standard) Rules, 2006

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..... as appropriate. For this purpose, cost of the investment should be determined as under: (i) the venturer's share in the net assets of the jointly controlled entity as at the date of discontinuance of proportionate consolidation should be ascertained, and (ii) the amount of net assets so ascertained should be adjusted with the carrying amount of the relevant goodwill/capital reserve (see paragraph 37) as at the date of discontinuance of proportionate consolidation. Transactions between a Venturer and Joint Venture 40. When a venturer contributes or sells assets to a joint venture, recognition of any portion of a gain or loss from the transaction should reflect the substance of the transaction. While the assets are retained by the joint venture, and provided the venturer has transferred the significant risks and rewards of ownership, the venturer should recognise only that portion of the gain or loss which is attributable to the interests of the other venturers. The venturer should recognise the full amount of any loss when the contribution or sale provides evidence of a reduction in the net realisable value of current assets or an impairment loss. 41. When a venturer purchases a .....

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AS - 27 - Financial Reporting of Interests in Joint Ventures - Companies (Accounting Standard) Rules, 2006

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..... he interests in joint ventures should be accounted for in accordance with Accounting Standard (AS) 13, Accounting for Investments. Operators of Joint Ventures 47. Operators or managers of a joint venture should account for any fees in accordance with Accounting Standard (AS) 9, Revenue Recognition. 48. One or more venturers may act as the operator or manager of a joint venture. Operators are usually paid a management fee for such duties. The fees are accounted for by the joint venture as an expense. Disclosure 49. A venturer should disclose the information required by paragraphs 50, 51 and 52 in its separate financial statements as well as in consolidated financial statements. 50. A venturer should disclose the aggregate amount of the following contingent liabilities, unless the probability of loss is remote, separately from the amount of other contingent liabilities: (a) any contingent liabilities that the venturer has incurred in relation to its interests in joint ventures and its share in each of the contingent liabilities which have been incurred jointly with other venturers; (b) its share of the contingent liabilities of the joint ventures themselves for which it is contingent .....

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