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2015 (8) TMI 200 - SC - Central Excise
Valuation - Place of removal - Section 4 - Determination of transactional value - inclusion of transportation charges and transit insurance charges - supply of transformers to the State Electricity Boards - Held that:- If the goods are cleared at the factory gate, then the excise duty has to be charged on the valuation of the goods to be arrived at the factory gate as that would be the place of removal of goods. It would mean that the expenses which are incurred after the removal of goods from the factory gate namely freight, insurance and unloading charges etc. are not to be included in the valuation of the goods for the purposes of excise duty. The reason is that the sale of goods to the buyer is at the factory gate when the property passes to the buyer and the aforesaid expenditure are thereafter incurred by the buyer. It is this aspect which was gone into by this Court in the case of Escorts JCB Ltd. (2002 (10) TMI 96 - SUPREME COURT OF INDIA).
Machinery which was handed over to the career/transporter on receiving the payment was as good as delivery to the buyer in terms of Section 39 of the Sale of Goods Act and, therefore, possession of the sold goods was handed over to the buyer at the factory gate. In this manner, the transaction was full and complete and nothing remained to be done after the goods left the factory premises. On these facts, provisions of Section 4 of the Act, which deals with valuation of excisable goods for the purposes of charging of duty of excise was taken note of and analysed, holding that the aforesaid charges could not be included for the purpose of arriving at valuation of excisable goods.
Commissioner, Central Excise while deciding that the transportation charges as well as transit insurance charges are to be included for fixing the transaction value. The order reveals that the Commissioner had scanned through the agreements entered into between the assessee and with various customers and other documents on the basis of which the Commissioner concluded that the property in goods was passed on to the customers only at the destination. According to him, there was a specific condition in the contracts that the goods will be dispatched from freight pre-paid by road and up to the destination of the customers. It was also stated that material should be dispatched duly insured by the assessee up to the customers' destination and the cost towards obtaining insurance was included in the price. These contracts further contain a clear stipulation that in case of any damage to the goods during transit, the supplier will lodge the claim and obtain compensation from the insurance company - The perfunctory manner in which the appeal of the assessee is allowed, cannot be countenanced.
If the Tribunal was confirming the decision of the Authority below, may be detailed discussion was not required as the reasons given in detail could be found in the order appealed against, though even in such a case brief reasons are to be given by the Tribunal, in particular, to meet the arguments which are advanced by the appellant while challenging such an order - matter remanded back - Decided in favour of Revenue.