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FEMA - High Court - Case Laws
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- 2019 (9) TMI 180
Fastening liability on a director of a company for contravention of the FERA - Offences by companies - ‘Opportunity Notice’ - HELD THAT:- The adjudication proceedings are being pursued by the ED on the basis that each of the present Appellants was at the relevant time, “in charge of”, and “responsible to” NIL for the conduct of its business. There can be no doubt that the above standard for fastening liability on a director of a company for contravention of the FERA, applies to both criminal proceedings that would result following an ‘Opportunity Notice’ as well as the adjudication proceedings that would follow an SCN/MFA issued under Section 51 FERA. The foundational fact that requires to be shown to exist for proceeding against a person under Section 51 of the FERA read with Section 68 (1)....... + More
- 2019 (9) TMI 162
CBI investigation for violation of provisions of FCRA - Cancellation of registration under FCRA - diversion of the funds for personal benefit of the office bearers or any other individuals - Constitutional validity of Section 43 of the Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act, 2010 (‘FCRA’) and Rule 22 of Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Rules, 2011 (FCRR) - whether they are arbitrary, unreasonable, ultra vires and violative of Articles 14 and 21 of the Constitution of India? HELD THAT:- It is equally well settled principle of law that laws are not to be declared unconstitutional on the fanciful theory that power would be exercised in an unrealistic fashion or in a vacuum or on the ground that there is a remote possibility of abuse of power. In fact, it must be presumed, unless the contrary is proved, that administration and app....... + More
- 2019 (8) TMI 971
Non-compliance with the direction for pre-deposit - Offence under FEMA - HELD THAT:- The learned counsel for the respondent had earlier taken exception to the maintainability of these appeals at the outset, his submissions having been recorded in the proceedings on 11.07.2019 to the effect that the appellants are belated with reference to the order dated 15.11.2018 which, even otherwise, had not been challenged, the orders sought to be impugned by these appeals being only consequential. At the hearing, the counsel for the appellants was asked if they are now willing to make the pre-deposits as was directed by the appellate tribunal by its order dated 15.11.2018. The counsel answered in the negative taking the position that the appeals at hand raise questions of law. The order dated 15.11.2018 having attained finality, the appellate tribun....... + More
- 2019 (8) TMI 216
Remedy of instituting an appeal to the Special Director (Appeals) - impugned order was served upon Petitioners by pasting on the premises sometime on 23rd February, 2019 and this Petition was lodged in the first week of May, 2019 - time limitation - HELD THAT:- If any issue of limitation arises, we are sure that the Appellate Authority will give due regard to all these circumstances. However, since the Petitioners haves alternate and efficacious remedy available under the FEMA itself, we are not inclined to entertain this Writ Petition. This Petition is disposed of by granting liberty to the Petitioners to institute an appeal against the impugned order, in case the Petitioners so choose. All contentions of the Petitioners are expressly kept open, since we have not examined the merits of the matter.
- 2019 (8) TMI 215
Maintainability of petition - Petition by a person who refuses to subject himself to Indian Laws - whether the Writ Court should exercise its jurisdiction in case of a Petitioner who has been issued a non-bailable warrant by the Special Court under the Prevention of Money Laundering Act, 2002 (PMLA) - HELD THAT;- This Court by its [2018 (2) TMI 762 - BOMBAY HIGH COURT] rejected the above contention and entertained the Petition by this very petitioner. We are informed that the status and condition of the Petitioner viz-a-viz Indian Law continues to remain what it was on 30th January, 2018 i.e. no red corner notice has yet been issued in respect of the Petitioner. These facts are not disputed and distinguished by the Revenue. Thus, this issue having already been considered by a coordinate bench of this Court and no new facts have thereafter....... + More
- 2019 (8) TMI 214
Maintainability of petition - initiation of proceedings u/s 7(3) of the Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999 - availability of alternative and efficacious remedy of appeal - HELD THAT:- It is not in dispute that the proceedings are initiated by the Adjudicating Authority under Section 7(3) of the FEMA and the impugned order passed by the Adjudicating Authority on 31.8.2017 exercising the powers under Section 13(1) of the FEMA. Therefore, the petitioners have got an alternative and efficacious remedy of appeal before the Appellate Authority under Section 17 of the FEMA - Section 17(4) clearly depicts that on receipt of an appeal under sub-section (1), the Special Director (Appeals) may after giving the parties to the appeal an opportunity of being heard, pass such order thereon as he thinks fit, confirming, modifying or setting aside the ....... + More
- 2019 (8) TMI 138
Permission for withdrawal of petition - Time limitation of Adjudication proceedings under section 13 of FEMA Act - HELD THAT:- It is the Petitioner's contention that the proceedings which are being contemplated against the Petitioner relate to issues which are over 10 to 12 years prior to the issue of the notice. Thus, causing it prejudice. We trust that the submissions made by the Petitioner would be duly considered by the Adjudicating Authority while taking a decision thereon. Petition disposed of as withdrawn with liberty to file a further representation/reply to the impugned notice dated 15th April, 2019 within two weeks from today.
- 2019 (6) TMI 964
Stay of demand - waiver of pre-deposit - Tribunal dismissing the appeals for non-prosecution - HELD THAT:- The appeals filed before the Tribunal could not have been dismissed for non-prosecution. Yet, we may point out that the conduct of the appellants in not appearing for several hearings also cannot be appreciated. We have to necessarily interfere with the common order passed by the Tribunal dated 14-9-2018, which was communicated to the appellants on 25-9-2018. So far as the conditional order passed by the Tribunal is concerned, considering the financial position pleaded by the appellants and their case that they are unable to realize export production in spite of their diligent efforts, we are of the considered view that the appellants have made out a prima facie case. However, this observation is made only for the purpose of imposing....... + More
- 2019 (6) TMI 637
Maintainability of petition - Petitioner's alternate and efficacious remedy against the impugned order made by the Enforcement Directorate, to the Appellate Tribunal for Foreign Exchange, Ministry of Law, Justice and Company Affairs, Government of India - violation of principles of natural justice as certain statements made by some buyers and these statements have been acted upon without afford of any opportunity or cross examination to the Petitioners - HELD THAT:- In the present case, after the show cause notice dated 6th September, 2017 was served upon the Petitioners, the Petitioners chose to file reply through their Chartered Accountant. Neither in the reply nor at any stage of the proceedings before the impugned order came to be made, the Petitioners objected to taking into consideration the statements of the buyers on the groun....... + More
- 2019 (5) TMI 1574
Release of property seized - Proceedings instituted pursuant to a complaint u/s 16(3) of the Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999 (FEMA) - as alleged show cause notice issued by the concerned officer alleging contravention of the provisions of Section 3(b) of FEMA, read with Regulation 5(2)(c) of the Foreign Exchange Management (Manner of Receipt and Payment) Regulation, 2000 - HELD THAT:- Insofar as Indian currency is concerned, the same was transferred to the Income Tax Authority. Silver and silver articles, which were seized by the respondent. The petitioner claims that he has submitted all the requisite details as called upon to do so by respondent no.2, and has repeatedly requested the respondent to release the said goods. However, the petitioner’s request has not been acceded to, as yet. He submits that the show cause notice ....... + More
- 2019 (5) TMI 1467
Monetary limit for prosecution of FERA issues - Petitioner on trial for the offences under Section 18(2) r/w Section 18(3) of Foreign Exchange Regulation Act, 1973 and under Section 56 of Foreign Exchange Regulation Act, 1973 - Quashing of revisional court’s order - pleas urged in this petition are that in view of the Circular of 5th July, 2001 issued under Section 56 of FERA, there can be no prosecution if the amount involved is less than ₹2 crores - HELD THAT:- Since evidence of three witnesses out of six, has been already recorded and the case is now fixed in this month before the trial court for recording of the remaining evidence, therefore, the legality of the impugned order is not required to be tested, as the trial of the case has fairly progressed and existence of Circular of 5th July, 2001 is yet to be established. M....... + More
- 2019 (5) TMI 818
Maintainability of appeal - alternative statutory remedy - Penalty for contravention of Section 7 (1)(a) of the FEM 1999 read with Regulation 16(1) (i) & (iii) of Foreign Exchange Management (Exports of Goods and Services) Regulations, 2000 - HELD THAT:- An appeal against the order impugned herein is maintainable before the Special Director (Appeals), O/o the Commissioner of Income Tax (Appeals), Aayakar Bhawan, Delhi. In view of the above, we are not inclined to entertain the present writ petition and dispose of the same by relegating the petitioner to avail alternative statutory remedy in accordance with law.
- 2019 (4) TMI 1088
Cancellation of the Passport - investigation being conducted under FEMA - Request for an alternate mode of examination by video conferencing - HELD THAT:- In the present case, the petitioner is a non-resident Indian and contends that the provisions of FEMA are inapplicable. Notwithstanding the aforesaid contention, Mr. Tripathi, learned Senior Counsel for the petitioner had made a statement before this Court on 14.08.2018 that the petitioner would provide all documents as required by the respondents even though, according to the petitioner, the same are not required to be disclosed. It is not disputed that in compliance with the aforesaid order, the petitioner has supplied all documents that were called for by the ED. This Court had, during the course of proceedings, also pointedly asked Mr. Amit Mahajan, learned counsel for the responden....... + More
- 2019 (3) TMI 550
Refund of amount deposited - FERA - Grievance of the applicant is that the department has not returned the seized cash of ₹ 6,000/, nor refunded ₹ 20,000/deposited by her as per interim directions of FERA Board not release her original title deeds - Held that:- Learned counsel for the department stated under instructions that the department has already initiated steps for refunding such amounts. This application is disposed of with certain directions.
- 2019 (2) TMI 963
Grant of stay - pre-deposit - interim order granted by the Appellate Tribunal for SAFEMA, FEMA, PMLA, NDPS, PEPT, New Delhi-3 - Tribunal failed to consider the income tax returns of the appellant for the year 2018-19, but only noted the income tax returns filed for the years from 1999-2000 to 2002-2003 - Held that:- Without going into the controversy as to whether the appellant had produced the current income tax returns or not, we deem it appropriate that the appellant shall be given one more opportunity to place all the records before the Tribunal, so that the Tribunal can take a decision as to whether the interests of the Revenue stand sufficiently safeguarded on account of the attachment over the immovable property of the appellant, which is stated to be worth of ₹ 3 Crores and as to whether the appellant's financial condition p....... + More
- 2019 (2) TMI 884
Contravention of provisions of Section 9(3) of the FERA Act - violation of FERA - petitioner having not been made aware of the show cause notice, the impugned order passed thereon is exparte and caused grave and serious prejudice to him - Held that:- Various foreign exchange resources of the country and the proper utilization thereof in the interests of the economic development of the country. This Act is now repealed by virtue of a new law namely, the Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999, but even though repealed, the proceedings under FERA Act can continue. The provisions of the Act enable to carry out searches and confers powers to arrest as well. The violation of FERA is, thus a grave and serious issue. Its strict and stringent provisions enable the authorities to adjudicate into the breaches of the law, and thereafter, if proved, im....... + More
- 2019 (1) TMI 26
Penalty under FEMA - Tribunal jurisdiction allowing waiver of deposit of penalty - Tribunal directed the appellant to deposit a sum of ₹ 12,00,000/-, which would amount to 25% out of the total amount ordered by the adjudicating authority by way of penalty - Held that:- We are of the opinion that the direction already given in this appeal, dated 05.09.2018, would safeguard the interest of the Department, since the appeal itself has been directed to be listed by the Appellate Tribunal on 27.02.2019. Thus the appeal stands allowed and the order passed by the Tribunal is modified to the effect that the appellant shall pay a sum of ₹ 5,00,000/-, which the appellant has already paid. Consequently, the remaining amount of penalty, levied on the appellant, shall remain stayed till the disposal of the appeal by the Appellate Tribunal.
- 2018 (11) TMI 310
Application for condonation of delay in filing the appeals - Conversion of petition to an appeal - Held that:- When the petitions came up for consideration, our attention was invited to the decision of the Apex Court in Raj Kumar Shivhare Vs. Asstt. Director, Directorate of Enforcement, (2010 (4) TMI 432 - SUPREME COURT). Therefore, the appropriate remedy to challenge the impugned orders would be an appeal under Section 35 of the FEMA. It is an undisputed position that both these petitions have been filed within a period of 120 days from the date of the impugned order of the Appellate Tribunal as provided under Section 35 of the FEMA. Mr. Jain, prays that he be allowed to convert this petition into an appeal. Mr. Vyas for the respondent has no objection at this being allowed. Thu the petitioners are allowed to convert both the petitions i....... + More
- 2018 (11) TMI 188
Contravention of Section 8 of the Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999 read with Section 42(1) thereof along with Regulation 9 and 13 of the Foreign Exchange Management (Export of Goods and Services) Regulations, 2000 - Appeal to Appellate Tribunal - Held that:- The Tribunal prescribed a condition of deposit of 20% of the penalty amount as a precondition for hearing the Appeals on merits. Such a pre-condition is imminently fair, just and reasonable. It does not deny the appellant a right of appeal as is now projected before us. It ensures that justice would be done as well. Thus, the right of appeal has not been defeated and frustrated and as is now complained. In fact from 14th July, 2009, we have travelled upto 31st October, 2018. Despite this enormous passage of time, the appellants have not complied with this order and the conditions....... + More
- 2018 (10) TMI 411
Refund to the Petitioners of principal amount along with interest - non adherence to Foreign Exchange Regulation Appellate Board orders - Held that:- We find that our Court had in Abu Moosa [2015 (1) TMI 977 - BOMBAY HIGH COURT] and Prabodh Mehta [2012 (7) TMI 145 - BOMBAY HIGH COURT] had occasion in similar facts, directed refund of the amount received by the Respondents along with interest from the date on which the amounts were deposited with the Respondents till repayment. The Respondents before us refuse to pay interest on the ground that it has not earned any income. Interest is paid as to compensate persons who have been deprived of its amount. Thus in the present facts the Respondents are directed to grant refund aggregating to ₹ 9,50,000/- along with interest thereon @ 6% p.a. from the date of payment / deposit of the Petitioner. The refund should be granted as expeditiously as possible along with interest @ 6% p.a. preferably within a period of 12 weeks from today.