Law and Practice : Digital eBook
Research is most exciting & rewarding
Home Case Index All Cases Income Tax Income Tax + AT Income Tax - 2020 (2) TMI AT This
Forgot password New User/ Regiser
Register to get Live Demo
2020 (2) TMI 1501 - AT - Income Tax
Rejection of books of account - estimation of profit - AO estimating the profit @5% on the gross turnover - HELD THAT:- AO has not pointed out any accounting defects in the books of accounts. Rather he is summarily ignored the books of accounts but has proceeded to invoke the rigour of section 145(3) which is bad in law. The position in law is settled. The AO cannot resort to estimation without confronting to the assessee the "defects" in the books of accounts and "material or evidence or the basis of estimations". The AO has not discharged his primary onus as such the assessment made is bad in law.
AO has estimated the profit rate at 5% simply by conjuncture, surmises and guess work and without any logic any relevant material on record. The conduct of the AO is obvious from the fact that in the next very assessment year, the AO reduced his on estimation of 5% to 1%, once again without assigning any reason or putting any credible material on record. The arbitrary action of the AO goes to prove that the whole exercise of making such a large addition is nothing but wild guess works, which vary from year to year and which has no relevance with comparable cases or with any other material or reason for doing so. In view of the settled legal preposition addition made on the basis of guess work may be deleted. AO was not justified to reject books of account and estimate profit.
Addition on account of sundry creditors and unexplained cash deposits - AO has concluded that the creditors are not genuine to the extent for which the payment have been made in the subsequent year. - HELD THAT:- AO has not disputed the creditors to the extent for which the payment have been made during the year itself. Thus what the AO is holding that the creditors are partly genuine and partly in genuine. The conclusions drawn by the AO are thus self-conflicting, inconsistence and apparently variable which is not tenable under the explicit provision of the Act. These creditors have also been held genuine by the AO himself while deciding the case for the AY 2013- 14 under section 143(3) wherein no separate addition on account of these creditors have been made.
During Assessment proceedings the assessee has furnished complete postal addresses of all these persons wherein the communication can be made either through the postal authorities or directly by the AO, which establishes the identity of these creditors. Similarly ail the purchase bill were also supplied to the AO fully establishing the capacity of these creditors. The assessee also supply the subsequent copies of account of these creditors which establishes that the payment have been made to these creditors in the subsequent year, thereby establishing the genuineness of these transactions. The assessee also furnishes copies of accounts of ail these persons which are submitted here with. The assessee has thus discharge his complete onus, so far as section 68 is concerned.
AO without verifying the correctness of the identity of these sundry creditors or without bringing on record any material or evident on record held that these sundry creditors are not genuine and made addition - AO has thus erred in not appreciating the facts that when the assessee has supplied names and addresses of sundry creditors and the nature of transaction and also the capacity of the creditors his onus stands discharged.
The opinion found by the AO must be based on material and it should be perverse. As a matter of fact the word satisfaction has been used in section 68 to protect the interest of the assessee. The Legislature by using this word make it incumbent on the AO to consider the material put before him and incase he choose to draw adverse conclusion he should collect the basis for his satisfaction and confront the same to the assessee.
AO has not discharged his onus to this extent so the addition made needs to be deleted.Thus, it has been held that if the AO rejects an explanation given by the assessee without considering its acceptability in the light of the fact and circumstances of the case, or rejects the explanation without verifying it, the addition cannot be sustained.
Thus undisputedly proved by the assessee that the sundry creditors have been paid off immediately in the subsequent years and all the details have been submitted which consists of amount of purchase of milk in the year, amount paid during the year, outstanding balance as on 31.03.2012 and the payment made during the next year from 01.04.2012. There was no dispute that the assessee has purchased milk from the 20 suppliers and squared off the amounts subsequently in the next financial year. Hence, the addition made on account of sundry creditors is hereby by deleted.
Cash deposit in the same bank account through which the entire sale and purchase of milk has taken place - CIT (A) has given a categorical finding that an amount of ₹ 48,89,110/- represents the sale of milk in cash. The ld. CIT (A) held that the amount of ₹ 2,10,890/- is the opening balance. The assessee started his business in the current assessment year only. It is not clear from the records whether this amount of ₹ 2,10,890/- represents the deposit of cash utilized for opening the bank account or otherwise. Hence, the AO is hereby directed to examine the account and give effect to this amount if it represents the cash utilized for opening of the bank account.