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2022 (9) TMI 926 - AT - Income Tax
Foreign tax credit u/s 90 denied - non compliance of procedural requirement - Disallowance of claim as relevant form 67 prescribed under section 128(8) was not filed within the time stipulated under sub rule 9 of Rule 128 - HELD THAT:- It is important to mention here that section 90 of the Act provides that Government of India can enter into Agreement with other countries for granting relief in respect of income on which taxes are paid in country outside India and such income is also taxable in India. In this regard Article 22 of India Finland DTAA provides for credit for foreign taxes.
Since as per section 90 of the Act read with Article 22 sub clause (2) provides that Finland Income Tax paid shall be allowed as a credit against the Indian Tax but limited to proportion of Indian tax. In my view, neither section 90 nor DTAA provides that FTC shall be disallowed for non compliance with any procedural requirements. Since FTC is assessee’s vested right as per Article 22(2) of the DTAA read with section 90 and thus same cannot be disallowed for non compliance of procedural requirement that is prescribed in the Rules.
The procedural law is always subservient to and is in aid to justice. Even otherwise, since there are no conditions prescribed in DTAA that FTC can be disallowed for non compliance of any procedural provision, therefore, the provisions of DTAA override the provisions of the Act. As the assessee has vested right to claim the FTC under the tax treaty and the same cannot be disallowed for mere delay in compliance of a procedural provision. See Sambhaji & Ors. vs. Gangabai & Ors. [2008 (11) TMI 393 - SUPREME COURT]
Even otherwise, the said Form 67 filed by the assessee before the tax authorities was available before the AO when the intimation under section 143(1) of the Act dated 25.11.2021 was passed. Therefore, in such circumstances, in my view, there were no reasons with the tax authorities for making disallowance when the said Form 67 was very much available with the AO at the time of framing the assessment order. Thus assessee is entitled for the credit of FTC under section 90 - Decided in favour of assessee.