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AS - 12 - Accounting for Government Grants - Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2021

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..... nd to an enterprise for past or future compliance with certain conditions. They exclude those forms of government assistance which cannot reasonably have a value placed upon them and transactions with government which cannot be distinguished from the normal trading transactions of the enterprise. Explanation 4. The receipt of government grants by an enterprise is significant for preparation of the financial statements for two reasons. Firstly, if a government grant has been received, an appropriate method of accounting therefor is necessary. Secondly, it is desirable to give an indication of the extent to which the enterprise has benefited from such grant during the reporting period. This facilitates comparison of an enterprise s financial statements with those of prior periods and with those of other enterprises. Accounting Treatment of Government Grants 5. Capital Approach versus Income Approach 5.1 Two broad approaches may be followed for the accounting treatment of government grants: the l , under which a grant is treated as part of shareholders funds, and the e , under which a grant is taken to income over one or more periods. 5.2 Those in support of the l approach argue as fo .....

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AS - 12 - Accounting for Government Grants - Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2021

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..... ssurance that the enterprise will comply with the conditions attached to them; and [ II 3(i)] 387 (ii) where such benefits have been earned by the enterprise and it is reasonably certain that the ultimate collection will be made. Mere receipt of a grant is not necessarily a conclusive evidence that conditions attaching to the grant have been or will be fulfilled. 6.2 An appropriate amount in respect of such earned benefits, estimated on a prudent basis, is credited to income for the year even though the actual amount of such benefits may be finally settled and received after the end of the relevant accounting period. 6.3 A contingency related to a government grant, arising after the grant has been recognised, is treated in accordance with Accounting Standard (AS) 4, Contingencies and Events Occurring After the Balance Sheet Date14. 6.4 In certain circumstances, a government grant is awarded for the purpose of giving immediate financial support to an enterprise rather than as an incentive to undertake specific expenditure. Such grants may be confined to an individual enterprise and may not be available to a whole class of enterprises. These circumstances may warrant taking the grant .....

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AS - 12 - Accounting for Government Grants - Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2021

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..... is method, as there is usually no charge to income in respect of such assets. However, if a grant related to a non-depreciable asset requires the fulfillment of certain obligations, the grant is credited to income over the same period over which the cost of meeting such obligations is charged to income. The deferred income is suitably disclosed in the balance sheet pending its apportionment to statement of profit and loss. 8.5 The purchase of assets and the receipt of related grants can cause major movements in the cash flow of an enterprise. For this reason and in order to show the gross investment in assets, such movements are often disclosed as separate items in the statement of changes in financial position regardless of whether or not the grant is deducted from the related asset for the purpose of balance sheet presentation. 9. Presentation of Grants Related to Revenue 9.1 Grants related to revenue are sometimes presented as a credit in the profit and loss statement, either separately or under a general heading such as ‘Other Income’. Alternatively, they are deducted in reporting the related expense. 9.2 Supporters of the first method claim that it is inappropriate .....

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AS - 12 - Accounting for Government Grants - Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2021

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..... the methods of presentation in the financial statements; (ii) the nature and extent of government grants recognised in the financial statements, including grants of non-monetary assets given at a concessional rate or free of cost. Main Principles 13. Government grants should not be recognised until there is reasonable assurance that (i) the enterprise will comply with the conditions attached to them, and (ii) the grants will be received. 14. Government grants related to specific fixed assets should be presented in the balance sheet by showing the grant as a deduction from the gross value of the assets concerned in arriving at their book value. Where the grant related to a specific fixed asset equals the whole, or virtually the whole, of the cost of the asset, the asset should be shown in the balance sheet at a nominal value. Alternatively, government grants related to depreciable fixed assets may be treated as deferred income which should be recognised in the profit and loss statement on a systematic and rational basis over the useful life of the asset, i.e., such grants should be allocated to income over the periods and in the proportions in which depreciation on those assets is .....

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AS - 12 - Accounting for Government Grants - Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2021

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..... d to profit and loss statement. The amount refundable in respect of a grant related to a specific fixed asset should be recorded by increasing the book value of the asset or by reducing the capital reserve or the deferred income balance, as appropriate, by the amount refundable. In the first alternative, i.e., where the book value of the asset is increased, depreciation on the revised book value should be provided prospectively over the residual useful life of the asset. 22. Government grants in the nature of promoters contribution that become refundable should be reduced from the capital reserve. Disclosure 23. The following should be disclosed: (i) the accounting policy adopted for government grants, including the methods of presentation in the financial statements; (ii) the nature and extent of government grants recognised in the financial statements, including grants of non-monetary assets given at a concessional rate or free of cost ************* NOTES:- 14 All paragraphs of A S 4 that deal with contingencies are applicable only to the extent not covered by other Accounting Standards prescribed by the Central Government. For example, the impairment of financial assets such as .....

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AS - 12 - Accounting for Government Grants - Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2021

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