TMI - Tax Management India. Com

Home Acts & Rules Companies Law Rules Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2021 Chapters List Annexure B Accounting Standard (AS) This

  • Login

Forget password       New User/ Regiser



 

AS - 20 - Earnings Per Share - Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2021

Extract

..... uo;, a consistently determined denominator enhances the quality of financial reporting. Scope 1. This Standard should be applied by all Companies. However, a Small and Medium Sized Company, as defined in the Notification, may not disclose diluted earnings per share (both including and excluding extraordinary items). 2. In consolidated financial statements, the information required by this Standardshould be presented on the basis of consolidated information.20 3. In the case of a parent (holding enterprise), users of financial statements are usually concerned with, and need to be informed about, the results of operations of both the enterprise itself as well as of the group as a whole. Accordingly, in the case of such enterprises, this Standard requires the presentation of earnings per share information on the basis of consolidated financial statements as well as individual financial statements of the parent. In consolidated financial statements, such information is presented on the basis of consolidated information. Definitions 4. For the purpose of this Standard, the following terms are used with the meanings specified: 4.1 An equity share is a share other than a preference share. .....

X X   X X   Extracts   X X   X X

Login / Subscribe to Access Full Page

AS - 20 - Earnings Per Share - Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2021

X X   X X   Extracts   X X   X X

..... are on the face of the statement of profit and loss for each class of equity shares that has a different right to share in the net profit for the period. An enterprise should present basic and diluted earnings per share with equal prominence for all periods presented. 9. This Standard requires an enterprise to present basic and diluted earnings per share, even if the amounts disclosed are negative (a loss per share). Measurement Basic Earnings Per Share 10. Basic earnings per share should be calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. Earnings - Basic 11. For the purpose of calculating basic earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders should be the net profit or loss for the period after deducting preference dividends and any attributable tax thereto for the period. 12. All items of income and expense which are recognised in a period, including tax expense and extraordinary items, are included in the determination of the net profit or loss for the period unless an Accounting Standard requires or permits .....

X X   X X   Extracts   X X   X X

Login / Subscribe to Access Full Page

AS - 20 - Earnings Per Share - Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2021

X X   X X   Extracts   X X   X X

..... f the date of conversion; (c) equity shares issued in lieu of interest or principal on other financial instruments are included as of the date interest ceases to accrue; (d) equity shares issued in exchange for the settlement of a liability of the enterprise are included as of the date the settlement becomes effective; (e) equity shares issued as consideration for the acquisition of an asset other than cash are included as of the date on which the acquisition is recognised; and (f) equity shares issued for the rendering of services to the enterprise are included as the services are rendered. In these and other cases, the timing of the inclusion of equity shares is determined by the specific terms and conditions attaching to their issue. Due consideration should be given to the substance of any contract associated with the issue. 18. Equity shares issued as part of the consideration in an amalgamation in the nature of purchase are included in the weighted average number of shares as of the date of the acquisition because the transferee incorporates the results of the operations of the transferor into its statement of profit and loss as from the date of acquisition. Equity shares iss .....

X X   X X   Extracts   X X   X X

Login / Subscribe to Access Full Page

AS - 20 - Earnings Per Share - Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2021

X X   X X   Extracts   X X   X X

..... ore, the number of equity shares outstanding is increased without an increase in resources. The number of equity shares outstanding before the event is adjusted for the proportionate change in the number of equity shares outstanding as if the event had occurred at the beginning of the earliest period reported. For example, upon a two-for-one bonus issue, the number of shares outstanding prior to the issue is multiplied by a factor of th ree to obtain the new total number of shares, or by a factor of two to obtain the number of additional shares. Illustration III attached to the Standard illustrates the computation of weighted average number of equity shares in case of a bonus issue during the period. 25. The issue of equity shares at the time of exercise or conversion of potential equity shares will not usually give rise to a bonus element, since the potential equity shares will usually have been issued for full value, resulting in a proportionate change in the resources available to the enterprise. In a rights issue, on the other hand, the exercise price is often less than the fair value of the shares. Therefore, a rights issue usually includes a bonus element. The number of equit .....

X X   X X   Extracts   X X   X X

Login / Subscribe to Access Full Page

AS - 20 - Earnings Per Share - Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2021

X X   X X   Extracts   X X   X X

..... ey pending allotment or any advance share application money as at the balance sheet date, which is not statutorily required to be kept separately and is being utilised in the business of the enterprise, is treated in the same manner as dilutive potential equity shares for the purpose of calculation of diluted earnings per share. Earnings - Diluted 29. For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the amount of net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders, as calculated in accordance with paragraph 11, should be adjusted by the following, after taking into account any attributable change in tax expense for the period: (a) any dividends on dilutive potential equity shares which have been deducted in arriving at the net profit attributable to equity shareholders as calculated in accordance with paragraph 11; (b) interest recognised in the period for the dilutive potential equity shares; and (c) any other changes in expenses or income that would result from the conversion of the dilutive potential equity shares. 30. After the potential equity shares are converted into equity shares, the dividends, interest and other expense s or income associated w .....

X X   X X   Extracts   X X   X X

Login / Subscribe to Access Full Page

AS - 20 - Earnings Per Share - Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2021

X X   X X   Extracts   X X   X X

..... utation of both the basic earnings per share and diluted earnings per share from the date when the conditions under a contract are met. If the conditions have not been met, for computing the diluted earnings per share, contingently issuable shares are included as of the beginning of the period (or as of the date of the contingent share agreement, if later). The number of contingently issuable shares included in this case in computing the diluted earnings per share is based on the number of shares that would be issuable if the end of the reporting period was the end of the contingency period. Restatement is not permitted if the condit ions are not met when the contingency period actually expires subsequent to the end of the reporting period. The provisions of this paragraph apply equally to potential equity shares that are issuable upon the satisfaction of certain conditions (contingent ly issuable potential equity shares). 35. For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, an enterprise should assume the exercise of dilutive options and other dilutive potential equity shares of the enterprise. The assumed proceeds from these issues should be considered to have been rece .....

X X   X X   Extracts   X X   X X

Login / Subscribe to Access Full Page

AS - 20 - Earnings Per Share - Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2021

X X   X X   Extracts   X X   X X

..... shares are anti-dilutive when their conversion to equity shares would increase earnings per share from continuing ordinary activities or decrease loss per share from continuing ordinary activities. The effects of anti-dilutive potential equity shares are ignored in calculating diluted earnings per share. 42. In considering whether potential equity shares are dilutive or anti - dilutive, each issue or series of potential equity shares is considered separately rather than in aggregate. The sequence in which pote ntial equity shares are considered may affect whether or not they are dilutive. Therefore, in order to maximise the dilution of basic earnings per share, each issue or series of potential equity shares is considered in sequence from the most dilutive to the least dilutive. For the purpose of determining the sequence from most dilutive to least dilutive potential equity shares, the earnings per incremental potential equity share is calculated. Where the earnings per incremental share is the least, the potential equity share is considered most dilutive and vice-versa. Illustration VII attached to the Standard illustrates the manner of determining the order in which dilutive sec .....

X X   X X   Extracts   X X   X X

Login / Subscribe to Access Full Page

AS - 20 - Earnings Per Share - Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2021

X X   X X   Extracts   X X   X X

..... equity shares, outstanding at the balance sheet date, into equity shares; (e) the issue of warrants, options or convertible securities; and (f) the satisfaction of conditions that would result in the issue of contingently issuable shares. 47. Earnings per share amounts are not adjusted for such transactions occurring after the balance sheet date because such transactions do not affect the amount of capital used to produce the net profit or loss for the period. Disclosure 48. In addition to disclosures as required by paragraphs 8, 9 and 44 of this Standard, an enterprise should disclose the following: (i) where the statement of profit and loss includes extraordinary items (within the meaning of AS 5, Net Profit or Loss for the Period, Prior Period Items and Changes in Accounting Policies), the enterprise should disclose basic and diluted earnings per share computed on the basis of earnings excluding extraordinary items (net of tax expense); and (ii) (a) the amounts used as the numerators in calculating basic and diluted earnings per share, and a reconciliation of those amounts to the net profit or loss for the period; (b) the weighted average number of equity shares used as the deno .....

X X   X X   Extracts   X X   X X

Login / Subscribe to Access Full Page

AS - 20 - Earnings Per Share - Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2021

X X   X X   Extracts   X X   X X

..... ,100 Computation of Weighted Average: (1,800 x 5/12) + (2,400 x 5/12) + (2,100 x 2/12) = 2,100 shares. The weighted average number of shares can alternatively be computed as follows: (1,800 x12/12) + (600 x 7/12) - (300 x 2/12) = 2,100 shares Illustration II Example Partly paid shares (Accounting year 01-01-20X1 to 31-12-20X1) No. of shares issued Nominal value of shares Amount paid 1st January, 20X1 Balance at beginning of year 1,800 Rs. 10 Rs. 10 31st October, 20X1 Issue of Shares 600 Rs. 10 Rs. 5 Assuming that partly paid shares are entitled to participate in the dividend to the extent of amount paid, number of partly paid equity shares would be taken as 300 for the purpose of calculation of earnings per share. Computation of weighted average would be as follows: (1,800x12/12) + (300x2/12) = 1,850 shares. Illustration IV Example - Rights Issue (Accounting year 01-01-20XX to 31-12-20XX) Net profit Year 20X0 : Rs. 11,00,000 Year 20X1 : Rs. 15,00,000 No. of shares outstanding prior to rights issue 5,00,000 shares Rights issue One new share for each five outstanding (i.e. 1,00,000 new shares) Rights issue price : Rs. 15.00 Last date to exercise rights: 1st March 20X1 Fair value of o .....

X X   X X   Extracts   X X   X X

Login / Subscribe to Access Full Page

AS - 20 - Earnings Per Share - Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2021

X X   X X   Extracts   X X   X X

..... nding during year 20X1 5,00,000 Basic earnings per share Rs. 2.40 Number of shares under option 1,00,000 Number of shares that would have been issued at fair value: (100,000 x 15.00)/20.00 * (75,000) Diluted earnings per share Rs. 12,00,000 5,25,000 Rs. 2.29 *The earnings have not been increased as the total number of shares has been increased only by the number of shares (25,000) deemed for the purpose of the computation to have been issued for no consideration {see para 37(b)} Illustration VII Example - Determining the Order in Which to Include Dilutive Securities in the Computation of Weighted Average Number of Shares (Accounting year 01-01-20XX to 31-12-20XX) Earnings, i.e., Net profit attributable to equity shareholders Rs. 1,00,00,000 No. of equity shares outstanding 20,00,000 Average fair value of one equity share during the year Rs. 75.00 Potential Equity Shares Options 1,00,000 with exercise price of Rs. 60 Convertible Preference Shares Attributable tax, e.g., corporate dividend tax 8,00,000 shares entitled to a cumulative dividend of Rs. 8 per share. Each preference share is convertible into 2 equity shares. 10% 12% Convertible Debentures of Rs. 100 each Nominal amount Rs .....

X X   X X   Extracts   X X   X X

Login / Subscribe to Access Full Page

AS - 20 - Earnings Per Share - Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2021

X X   X X   Extracts   X X   X X