Tax Management India. Com
                        Law and Practice: A Digital eBook ...
TMI - Tax Management India. Com
Case Laws Acts Notifications Circulars Classification Forms SMS News Articles
Highlights
D. Forum
What's New

Share:      

        Home        
 
News
Home News News and Press Release Month 1 2011 2011 (1) This
← Previous Next →
 

Sources of Variation in Foreign Exchange Reserves: April-September 2010

January 5, 2011
  • Contents

During April-September 2010, there was an accretion to the foreign exchange reserves in BoP terms (i.e. excluding valuation effects). The sources of variation in the foreign exchange reserves are set out in Table 1.

Table 1: Sources of Variation in Foreign Exchange Reserves

(US $ billion)

Items

2009-10

2010-11

 

April-September

April-September

I.

 

Current Account Balance

-13.3

-27.9

II.

 

Capital Account (net) (a to f)

22.8

34.9

 

a.

Foreign Investment (i+ii)

30.3

29.1

 

 

(i) Foreign Direct Investment

12.3

5.3

 

 

(ii) Portfolio Investment

17.9

23.8

 

 

Of which:

 

 

 

 

FIIs

15.3

22.3

 

 

ADRs/GDRs

2.7

1.6

 

b.

External Commercial Borrowings

0.7

6.0

 

c.

Banking Capital

1.0

0.8

 

 

of which: NRI Deposits

2.9

2.2

 

d.

Short-Term Trade Credit

-0.05

6.7

 

 e.

External Assistance

1.0

3.0

 

f.

Other Items in Capital Account*

-10.2

-10.7

III.

 

Valuation Change

19.8

6.8

 

 

Total (I+II+III) @

29.3

13.8

Note:*: (i) 'Other items in capital account' apart from 'Errors and Omissions' also include SDR allocations, leads and lags in exports, funds held abroad, advances received pending issue of shares under FDI and transactions of capital receipts not included elsewhere.
(ii) Increase in reserves  (+) / Decrease in reserves (-). 
@: Difference, if any, is due to rounding off.

On a balance of payments basis (i.e., excluding valuation effects), the foreign exchange reserves increased by US$ 7.0 billion during April-September 2010 as against an increase of US$ 9.5 billion during April-September 2009. The foreign exchange reserves (including the valuation effects) increased by US$ 13.8 billion during April-September 2010 as compared with an increase of US$ 29.3 billion during April-September 2009 (Table 2).

Table 2: Comparative Position

(US$ billion)

Items

2009-10
April-September

2010-11
April-September

1.

Change in Foreign Exchange Reserves 
(Including Valuation Effects)

29.3

13.8

2.

Valuation Effects 
(Gain (+)/Loss (-))

19.8

6.8

3.

Change in Foreign Exchange Reserves on BoP basis 
(i.e., Excluding Valuation Effects)

9.5

7.0

4.

Percentage of increase/decline in Reserves 
explained by Valuation Gain/Loss 

67.7

49.3

Note: Increase in reserves (+)/Decrease in reserves (-).

The valuation gains, reflecting the depreciation of the US dollar against major currencies, accounted for US$ 6.8 billion during April-September 2010 as compared with valuation gains of US$ 19.8 billion during April-September 2009. Accordingly, valuation gains accounted for 49.3 per cent of the total increase in foreign exchange reserves during April-September 2010.

Alpana Killawala
Chief General Manager

 

← Previous Next →

|| Home || About us || Feedback || Contact us || Disclaimer || Terms of Use || Privacy Policy || Database || Members || Refer Us ||

© Taxmanagementindia.com [A unit of MS Knowledge Processing Pvt. Ltd.] All rights reserved.
|| Site Map - Recent || Site Map || ||