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GST on movie co-production, Goods and Services Tax - GST

Issue Id: - 117085
Dated: 12-3-2021
GST on movie co-production

  • Contents

Parties A and B have entered into contract to co-produce a movie in 50-50 basis. Both parties shall have equal rights in the movie. The revenue would also be shared equally by way of an escrow arrangement.

However, entire production cost will be borne by A while B will reimburse A for 50% of expense. Assuming that this reimbursement to A by B will be liable to GST, whether this would be treated as permanent transfer of Intellectual property rights and thus taxable@12% or taxable under residual services head@18%.

Please provide your views.

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Posts / Replies

Showing Replies 1 to 7 of 7 Records

1 Dated: 12-3-2021
By:- Rajagopalan Ranganathan


Under GST the taxable event is supply. in your case what is supplied by A to B or B to A. I understand that only money is reimbursed by a to B. Therefore in my opinion there is no taxable supply between A and B. Hence no gst is payable on the transaction between A and B.

2 Dated: 12-3-2021

Dear Rajgopal Ji,

Thank you for your response. As per agreement b/w the two parties, B will get 50% rights in the movie upon such payment. Would it amount to obtaining an interest in the IP?

3 Dated: 12-3-2021

Q.Would it amount to obtaining an interest in the IP ?

A. If we read the legal definition and meaning of 'escrow', it will not amount to interest.

4 Dated: 13-3-2021
By:- Shilpi Jain

You could have the MoU between A and B in such a way that it is a Joint venture where the manpower, equipment, know how etc will be bought in by A and the money will be bought in by B. In such a case no GST on the reimbursement as it takes character as a JV investment.

5 Dated: 13-3-2021

Dear experts,

The MOU is indeed phrased in a manner that the two parties will contribute 50% each of the total cost of production. But 100% expense will be first incurred by A and B will thereafter provide his share of 50% to A, as per agreed schedule.Both parties shall have equal rights in the movie.

So firstly A will claim expense of 100 in his books and claim ITC on it and then receive 50 from B. If he does not pay GST on 50 wouldn't the ITC claim of 100 be incorrect as ITC on share of B would not be in furtherance of business of A.

in my opinion, it would be better if both parties form a separate entity in which case, amount will be a investment not taxable to GST

6 Dated: 13-3-2021

In continuation, I also feel that Circular no. 35/9/2018-GST may also provide guidance on this issue. Illustration B thereof:

"There are 4 members in the JV including the operating member and each one contributes ₹ 100 as part of their share. A total amount of ₹ 400 is collected. The operating member thereafter uses its own machine and performs exploration and production activities on behalf of the JV."

Comments in Circular:

".....In Illustration B, the operating member uses its own machinery and is therefore providing ‘service’ within the scope of supply of CGST Act, 2017. This is because in this scenario, the operating member is recovering the cost appropriated towards machinery and services from the other JV members in their participating interest ratio."

In our case, A is first incurring expenditure on his own account and thereafter recovering share of B.

7 Dated: 18-3-2021
By:- Himansu Sekhar

The circular speaks that a member will provide service to the JV as a taxable person and will have separate regn. The JV has a separate regn. The invoice issued by the member to the JV will be the ITC document for the JV. then the JV will raise invoice to the customer. Your issue is separate.


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