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GST PAID ON ROYALTY- ENTITLEMENT OF ITC ON THE PORTION OF ROYALTY, Goods and Services Tax - GST
|GST PAID ON ROYALTY- ENTITLEMENT OF ITC ON THE PORTION OF ROYALTY|
GST PAID ON ROYALTY- ENTITLEMENT OF ITC ON THE PORTION OF ROYALTY
National Mineral Development Corporation Limited is India’s largest producer and exporter of iron ore. It is a Government of India enterprise. It conducts e-auction of iron ore for bulk use in the business by the potential bidders. On successful e-bidding, it issues tax invoice charging ‘Royalty & FDF” on the value of iron ore so auctioned. And thereafter, on the total value [value of iron ore plus royalty plus FDF], it charges 5% GST covered under HSN 2601. Based on such tax invoices issued by the NMDC, the buyers claim the full ITC as manifest therein.
However some adjudicating authorities are disallowing the claim of ITC paid to the extent of Royalty amount, saying that the buyers have not produced iron ore.
In my opinion, there is no such embargo under Section 16 & 17 to restrict ITC relating to the royalty amount paid to the NMDC Ltd which actually produces iron ore from mines. So the amount of royalty paid is the embedded cost of total value iron ore for the purpose Section 15 of the Act.
Experts to throw spotlight on this.
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Sh.Sadanand Bulbule Ji,
"Some adjudicating authorities are disallowing the claim of ITC paid to the extent of Royalty amount, saying that the buyers have not produced iron ore."
Sir, It appears to me that there may be some other reasons also and not only one reason for denial of ITC. Will you please elaborate your query on the following points ?
(i) Here royalty has been paid only for mining services and NOT for iron ore.
(ii) Supply of iron ore is not under RCM.
(iii) Here royalty is restricted to mining service only.
(iv) There may be some mistake in issuance of invoice .
Looking forward to you for your views on the above aspects. Full facts are not clear to me.
Respected Sir ji
The tax invoice is issued by the Department of Mines and Geology under the supervision of the Monitoring Committee appointed by the Hon'ble Supreme Court of India. The Department of Mines & Geology is a registered dealer under the GST Act. In my opinion, such tax invoice is free from mistakes. Secondly there are no other controversial issues or valid reasons to restrict ITC under Section 16/17 on the portion of Royalty amount charged and collected on the value of iron ore as reflected in tax invoice.
Further as rightly pointed out, tax on royalty amount is liable to be paid under RCM in terms of HSN 997337, namely, Licensing services for the right to use minerals including its exploration and evaluation covered by serial number 5 of N/N. 13/2017-Central Tax dated 28/06/2017 by the recipient of such services. Admittedly the supply of iron ore is under FCM.
Denial of ITC on royalty portion might be due to misjudged interpretation also.
GST on royalty is under RCM. The person who is doing mining is actually liable for royalty payment and under RCM GST is payable. If they pay (Dept of Geology) GST under RCM, they will be eligible to claim ITC. If they meet the GST liability further there cannot be any chargeability.
The amount for which they are issuing tax invoice to buyers inclusive of charges FDF, Royalty and charging GST@5%, no doubt ITC is claimable under section 16 as per my view.
Sh.Sadanand Bulbule Ji,
"Denial of ITC on royalty portion might be due to misjudged interpretation also."
Sir, You are absolutely right. I agree with your above observation. . Further I want to know who is the Adjudication Authority ? SGST Officer or CGST Officer ?
I also agree with Sh.Pawan Kumar Ji.
I am not going into the debate of whether rotalty is in the nature of tax or not and whether GST can be charged on it? I think that is a topic of discussion in itself.
Section 16 emphases that supply of goods or services or both must be used or intended to be used in the course or furtherance of his business.
Now business is defined as under:
Section 2(17) “business” includes––
(a) any trade, commerce, manufacture, profession, vocation, adventure, wager or any other similar activity, whether or not it is for a pecuniary benefit;
(b) any activity or transaction in connection with or incidental or ancillary to sub-clause (a);
(c) any activity or transaction in the nature of sub-clause (a), whether or not there is volume, frequency, continuity or regularity of such transaction;
(d) supply or acquisition of goods including capital goods and services in connection with commencement or closure of business;
(e) provision by a club, association, society, or any such body (for a subscription or any other consideration) of the facilities or benefits to its members;
(f) admission, for a consideration, of persons to any premises;
(g) services supplied by a person as the holder of an office which has been accepted by him in the course or furtherance of his trade, profession or vocation;
(h) activities of a race club including by way of totalisator or a license to book maker or activities of a licensed book maker in such club; and
(i) any activity or transaction undertaken by the Central Government, a State Government or any local authority in which they are engaged as public authorities;
Therefore, without a doubt the services supplied by the government for which royalty is charged is in the course or furtherance of "business" of the buyer and hence it is allow.
Regarding the meaning and concept of " royalty", refer the judgement of the Hon'ble Supreme Court rendered in the case of India Cements Ltd Vs. State of Tamil Nadu [1989 (10) TMI 53 - SUPREME COURT].
Hence payment of royalty amounts to the consideration payable by tax payer for the activity of mining of minerals or use or consumption thereof by him. The activity of assignment of rights to use natural resources is treated as supply of services. So royalty is one of the components for the purpose of Section 15 of the GST Act,
moreover the same has been finalized by Rajasthan High Court in dismissing writ petitions Sudershan Lal Gupta Contractor Vs Union of India - 2022 (10) TMI 43 - RAJASTHAN HIGH COURT (Rajasthan High Court).
From the query raised, it is clear that Dept. is not raising any dispute in availing ITC against 'Iron Ore' per se. What is disputed is the ITC relating to portion of GST charged on taxable-value in name of 'Royalty'.
What is bought is 'Iron Ore' falling under HSN 2601 and having tax-rate @ 5%. And method of calculation of 'taxable value' & method of its disclosure by the supplier on the tax-invoice has got no legal bearing to deny such ITC partially.
These are ex facie views of mine and the same should not be construed as professional advice/suggestion.
"On successful e-bidding, it issues tax invoice charging ‘Royalty & FDF” on the value of iron ore so auctioned. And thereafter, on the total value [value of iron ore plus royalty plus FDF], it charges 5% GST covered under HSN 2601."
But, if royalty is just added to value of iron ores (classification remains goods HSN 2601), I fully agree with views of Ld. Amit Ji.
no need to charge separate, as per sec.15, taxes, charges other than CGST. IGST, SGST and UTGST are includible in transaction value. thus charge of Royalty & FDF and GST @5% not in dispute, accordingly ITC of the same should not disallow as per my view.