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The Income Tax Officer, Business Ward - XII (3) , Chennai Versus Shri D. Umapathy

2015 (8) TMI 760 - ITAT CHENNAI

Disallowance under Section 40(a)(ia) - whether tax has to be deducted on the amount paid by the assessee and not only the amount payable by the assessee? - Held that:- It is an admitted fact that the point of deduction of tax at source is at the time of payment or credit of the amount to the account of the payee. No provision of Income-tax Act requires the assessee to deduct tax at source in respect of the amount which was not paid. In other words, in respect of the amount which remains payable .....

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es deduction of tax. If the contention of the assessee is accepted, this Tribunal is of the considered opinion that the entire provisions of Income-tax Act which require the assessee to deduct tax would be meaningless.

Section 40(a)(ia) would cover not only to the amounts which are payable as on 31st March of a particular year but also which are payable at any time during the year. Of course, as long as the other requirement of the said provision exist. In that context, in our opinion .....

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rder of the Commissioner of Income Tax (Appeals)-IV, Chennai, dated 30.04.2014 and pertains to assessment year 2008-09. The only issue arises for consideration is with regard to disallowance under Section 40(a)(ia) of the Income-tax Act, 1961 (in short 'the Act'). 2. Shri S. Dasgupta, the Ld. Departmental Representative, submitted that the CIT(Appeals), by following the order of the Tribunal in ITO v. Theekathir Press in I.T. A. No.2076/Mds/2012 dated 18.09.2013, found that the assessee .....

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is Tribunal by interpreting Section 40(a)(ia) of the Act found that tax has to be deducted only on the amount remaining payable on the last date of financial year. Since the entire amount was already paid, according to the Ld. counsel, there is no question of deducting any tax. The Ld.counsel placed his reliance on the decision of this Tribunal in ITO v. Theekathir Press in I.T. A. No.2076/Mds/2012 dated 18.09.2013. 4. We have considered the rival submissions on either side and perused the relev .....

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ccount, then there is no question of deduction of tax under any of the provision of the Income-tax Act. The contention of the assessee that the tax has to be deducted only on the amount remains payable on the last date of financial year and the deduction need not be made on the amount already paid, is contrary to provisions of Income-tax Act which requires deduction of tax. If the contention of the assessee is accepted, this Tribunal is of the considered opinion that the entire provisions of Inc .....

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e placed reliance on the judgment of Allahabad High Court in Vector Shipping Services (P) Ltd. (supra) and on the decision of this Bench of the Tribunal in Theekathir Press (supra). We have carefully gone through the judgment of Allahabad High Court in Vector Shipping Services (P) Ltd. (supra). The Allahabad High Court, while considering the decision of the Special Bench of this Tribunal in Merilyn Shipping and Transport (supra), made a passing reference about the decision taken by the Special B .....

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Special Bench of this Tribunal is not sustainable in law. However, the Allahabad High Court by way of passing reference decided the matter in favour of the assessee. The Special Leave Petition filed by the Revenue against the judgment of Allahabad High Court in Vector Shipping Services (P) Ltd. (supra) was rejected by the Apex Court at the admission state. Therefore, the Apex Court has not laid down any law. In other words, mere dismissal of the Special Leave Petition by the Apex Court at the a .....

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g Services (P) Ltd (supra), copy of which is filed by the assessee. The Allahabad High Court, after reproducing the relevant paragraph from the order of CIT(A) and referring to the decision of the Special Bench of this Tribunal in Merilyin Shipping & Transports (supra) found that the Tribunal has not committed an error. It is obvious that there is no discussion about the correctness or otherwise of the decision rendered by the Special Bench of this Tribunal in Merilyn Shipping & Transpor .....

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ng & Transports (supra). The Calcutta High Court also in the case of Crescent Exports Syndicate & Another in ITAT 20 of 2013 and GA 190 of 2013 judgment dated 03-04-2013 considered elaborately the judgment of the Special Bench of this Tribunal in Merilyn Shipping & Transports (supra) and found that the decision rendered by the Special Bench of this Tribunal is not the correct law. It is well settled principles of law that when different High Courts expressed different opinions on a p .....

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ench is not correct. Therefore, this Tribunal is of the considered opinion that the judgments of the Calcutta High Court Crescent Exports Syndicate & Another (supra) and Gujarat High Court in Sikandarkhan N Tunvar (supra) have to be preferred when compared to the Allahabad High Court in M/s Vector Shipping Services (P) Ltd (supra). 13. For the purpose of convenience we reproducing below the observations made by the Calcutta High Court in Crescent Exports Syndicate & Another (supra) and G .....

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islature has replaced the expression amounts credited or paid with the expression payable in the final enactment. Comparison between the pre-amendment and post amendment law is permissible for the purpose of ascertaining the mischief sought to be remedied or the object sought to be achieved by an amendment. This is precisely what was done by the Apex Court in the case of CIT Vs. Kelvinator reported in 2010(2) SCC 723. But the same comparison between the draft and the enacted law is not permissib .....

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en the draft and the section actually enacted nor was it open to speculate as to the effect of the so-called representations made by the professional bodies. The Learned Tribunal held that Section 40(a)(ia) of the Act creates a legal fiction by virtue of which even the genuine and admissible expenses claimed by an assessee under the head income from business and profession : if the assessee does not deduct TDS on such expenses are disallowed . Having held so was it open to the Tribunal to seek t .....

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missible expenses are to be disallowed. But they sought to remove the rigour of the law by holding that the disallowance shall be restricted to the money which is yet to be paid. What the Tribunal by majority did was to supply the casus omissus which was not permissible and could only have been done by the Supreme Court in an appropriate case. Reference in this regard may be made to the judgment in the case of Bhuwalka Steel Industries vs. Bombay Iron & Steel Labour Board reported in 2010(2) .....

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elfare and benefits of the labour force in the State , these precise words were removed by the legislature and the definition was made limited as it has been finally legislated upon. It is to be noted that when the Bill came to be passed and received the assent of the Vice-President on 05-06-1969 and was first published in the Maharashtra Government Gazette Extraordinary, Part IV on 13-06-1969, the aforementioned words were omitted. Therefore, t his would be a clear pointer to the legislative in .....

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ts is extremely clear and settled that though this Court may supply the casus omissus, it would be in the rarest of the rate case and thus supplying of this casus omissus would be extremely necessary due to the inadvertent omission on the part of the legislature. But, that is certainly not the case here. We shall now endeavour to show that no other interpretation is possible. The key words used in Section 40(a)(ia), according to us, are on which tax is deductible at source under Chapter XVII-B . .....

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clear and susceptible to giving more than one meaning. By looking at the draft it could be said that the legislature wanted to treat the payments made or credited in favour of a contractor of subcontractor differently than the payments on account of interest, commission or brokerage, fees for professional services or fees for technical services because the words mounts credited or paid were used only in relation to a contractor of sub-contractor. This differential treatment was not intended. The .....

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unambiguous whereas the language used in the bill was ambiguous. A few words are now necessary to deal with the submission of Mr. Bagchi and Ms. Roychowdhuri. There can be no denial that the provision in question is harsh. But that is no ground to read the same in a manner which was not intended by the legislature. This is our answer to the submission of Mr. Bagchi. The submission of Mr. Roychowdhuri that the second proviso sought to become effective from 1st April, 2013 should be held to have a .....

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with and rejected. Gujarat High Court in Sikandarkhan N Tunvar(supra) 23. Despite this narrow interpretation of section 40(a)(ia), the question still survives if the Tribunal in case of M/s Merilyn Shipping & Transpors vs. ACIT (supra) was accurate in its opinion. In this context, we would like to examine two aspects. Firstly, what would be the correct interpretation of the said provision. Secondly, whether our such understanding of the language used by the legislature should waver on the p .....

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rofessional services or fees for technical services payable to resident or amounts payable to a contractor or sub-contractor being resident for carrying out any work. (b) These amounts are such on which tax is deductible at source under XVIII-B. (c) Such tax has not been deducted or after deduction has not been paid on or before due date specified in sub- Section (1) of Section 39. For the purpose of current discussion reference to the proviso is not necessary. 24. What this Sub-Section, therefo .....

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re prepared to and we are duty bound to interpret such requirements strictly. Such requirements, however, cannot be enlarged by any addition or subtraction of words not used by the legislature. The term used is interest, commission, brokerage etc. is payable to a resident or amounts payable to a contractor or sub-contractor for carrying out any work. The language used is not that such amount must continue to remain payable till the end of the accounting year. Any such interpretation would requir .....

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gh made is not paid to the Government, would escape the consequence only because the amount was already paid over before the end of the year in contrast to another assessee who would otherwise be in similar situation but in whose case the amount remained payable till the end of the year. We simply do not see any logic why the legislature would have desired to bring about such irreconcilable and diverse consequences. We hasten to add that this is not the prime basis on which we have adopted the i .....

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gnizes the concept of ascertaining the profit and loss from the business or profession with reference to a certain period i.e. the accounting year. In this context, last date of such accounting period would assume considerable significance. However, this decision nowhere indicates that the events which take place during the accounting period should be ignored and the ascertainment of fulfilling a certain condition provided under the statute must be judged with reference to last date of the accou .....

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25. This brings us to the second aspect of this discussion, namely, whether this is a case of conscious omission and therefore, the legislature must be seen to have deliberately brought about a certain situation which does not require any further interpretation. This is the fundamental argument of the Tribunal in the case of M/s Merilyn Shipping & Transports vs. ACIT (supra) to adopt a particular view. 26. While interpreting a statutory provision the Courts have often applied Hyden s rule o .....

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ich may be passed. Secondly, the statutory provisions is amply clear. 38. In the result, w are of the opinion that Section 40(a)(ia) would cover not only to the amounts which are payable as on 20 ITA No. 63&64m 83-85&7-72/Coch/2014 31st March of a particular year but also which are payable at any time during the year. Of course, as long as the other requirement of the said provision exist. In that context, in our opinion the decision of the Special Bench of the Tribunal in the case of M/ .....

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licable to the facts of the case under consideration whereas the judgments of the Calcutta High Court in Crescent Export Syndicate (supra) and the Gujarat High Court in Sikandarkhan N Tunvar (supra) are squarely applicable to the facts of the case. Respectfully following the judgments of the Calcutta High Court in Crescent Export Syndicate (supra) and the Gujarat High Court in Sikandarkhan N Tunvar (supra), we do not see any infirmity in the orders of the lower authorities. Accordingly, the orde .....

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before the Kerala High Court. The Kerala High Court, however, dismissed the Writ Petition filed by the assessee. In those circumstances, this Tribunal is of the considered opinion that the judgments of Calcutta High Court and Gujarat High Court have to be preferred rather than the judgment of Allahabad High Court. In other words, the judgment of Allahabad High Court does not contain any reasoning, therefore, it has to be treated as per incuriam. By respectfully following the judgments of Calcut .....

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