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Mahabir Prasad Agarwal Versus A.C.I.T., Central Circle-XIII, Kolkata

2016 (2) TMI 701 - ITAT KOLKATA

Penalty u/s 271(1)(c) - Held that:- As on the facts of the present case that the show cause notice u/s. 274 of the Act is defective as it does not spell out the grounds on which the penalty is sought to be imposed. Following the decision of the Hon’ble Karnataka High Court in the case of CIT & Anr. v. Manjunatha Cotton and Ginning Factory [2013 (7) TMI 620 - KARNATAKA HIGH COURT ], we hold that the orders imposing penalty in all the assessment years have to be held as invalid and consequently pe .....

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9. 2. In both these appeal the assessee has challenged the order of CIT(A) whereby the CIT(A) has confirmed the order of AO imposing penalty u/s 271 (1)(c) of the Act. 3. The facts and circumstances under which penalty u/s 271(1)(c) of the Act was imposed on the assessee by the AO are as follows :- The Assessee is an individual. He derives income from salary from Shyam Ferro Alloys Ltd, besides dividend income and interest income from PPF Account, income from other sources and capital gain on sa .....

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d a sum of ₹ 2,54,00,000/- for A.Y.2008- 09. The income offered in the returns filed in response to notice u/s 153A of the Act were brought to tax by the AO and the assessment for the aforesaid assessment years were completed accepting the undisclosed income offered in the return of income filed in response to notice u/s 153A of the Act. AO initiated penalty proceedings against the assessee u/s 271(1) (c) of the Act. 4. In the penalty proceedings the stand taken by the assessee was that th .....

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Aggrieved by the orders of CIT(A) the assessee has preferred the present appeals before the Tribunal. 6. We have heard the submissions of the learned counsel for the Assessee who submitted that the AO has not recorded satisfaction in the order of assessment that the Assessee is liable to be proceeded against u/s.271(1)( c) of the Act except recording as follows in the order of assessment viz., Penalty proceeding u/s.271(1)( c) initiated. According to him the above manner of initiation of penalt .....

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furnished inaccurate particulars of income or concealed particulars of such income . He drew our attention to a decision of the Hon ble Karnataka High Court in the case of CIT Vs. Manjunatha Cotton & Ginning Factory (2013) 218 Taxman 423 (Kar.) wherein it was held that if the show cause notice u/s.274 of the Act does not specify as to the exact charge viz., whether the charge is that the Assessee has furnished inaccurate particulars of income or concealed particulars of income by striking o .....

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learned AR. The argument of the learned counsel for the Assessee was that the show cause notice u/s.274 of the Act which is in a printed form and the AO has indicated in the said notice as to whether the penalty is sought to be levied on the assessee for furnishing inaccurate particulars of income or concealing particulars of such income by striking off the irrelevant portion of the printed show cause notice. On this aspect we find that in the show cause notice u/s.274 of the Act the AO has not .....

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income or for furnishing inaccurate particulars of income. The Hon ble High court has further laid down that certain printed form where all the grounds given in section 271 are given would not satisfy the requirement of law. The Court has also held that initiating penalty proceedings on one limb and find the assessee guilty in another limb is bad in law. It was submitted that in the present case, the aforesaid decision will squarely apply and all the orders imposing penalty have to be held as b .....

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d grounds mentioned therein and then penalty proceedings is initiated, in the notice to be issued under Section 274, they could conveniently refer to the said order which contains the satisfaction of the authority which has passed the order. However, if the existence of the conditions could not be discerned from the said order and if it is a case of relying on deeming provision contained in Explanation-1 or in Explanation-1(B), then though penalty proceedings are in the nature of civil liability .....

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tment sending a printed farm where all the ground mentioned in Section 271 are mentioned would not satisfy requirement of law when the consequences of the assessee not rebutting the initial presumption is serious in nature and he had to pay penalty from 100% to 300% of the tax liability. As the said provisions have to be held to be strictly construed, notice issued under Section 274 should satisfy the grounds which he has to meet specifically. Otherwise, principles of natural justice is offended .....

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enalty proceedings for one offence and finding the assessee guilty of another offence or finding him guilty for either the one or the other cannot be sustained in law. It is needless to point out satisfaction of the existence of the grounds mentioned in Section 271(1)(c) when it is a sine qua non for initiation or proceedings, the penalty proceedings should be confined only to those grounds and the said grounds have to be specifically stated so that the assessee would have the opportunity to mee .....

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e and cannot be sustained. Thus once the proceedings are initiated on one ground, the penalty should also be imposed on the same ground. Where the basis of the initiation of penalty proceedings is not identical with the ground on which the penalty was imposed, the imposition of penalty is not valid. The validity of the order of penalty must be determined with reference to the information, facts and materials in the hands of the authority imposing the penalty at the time the order was passed and .....

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ssuing notice has to come to the conclusion that whether is it a case of concealment of income or is it a case of furnishing of inaccurate particulars. The Apex Court in the case of Ashok Pai reported in 292 ITR 11 at page 19 has held that concealment of income and furnishing inaccurate particulars of income carry different connotations. The Gujarat High Court in the case of MANU ENGINEERING reported in 122 ITR 306 and the Delhi High Court in the case of VIRGO MARKETING reported in 171 Taxman 15 .....

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e Hon ble Court was as follows:- 63. In the light of what is stated above, what emerges is as under: a) Penalty under Section 271(1)(c) is a civil liability. b) Mens rea is not an essential element for imposing penalty for breach of civil obligations or liabilities. c) Willful concealment is not an essential ingredient for attracting civil liability. d) Existence of conditions stipulated in Section 271(1)(c) is a sine qua non for initiation of penalty proceedings under Section 271. e) The existe .....

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sed, at least, a direction to initiate proceedings under Section 271(l)(c) is a sine qua non for the Assessment Officer to initiate the proceedings because of the deeming provision contained in Section 1(B). h) The said deeming provisions are not applicable to the orders passed by the Commissioner of Appeals and the Commissioner. i) The imposition of penalty is not automatic. j) Imposition of penalty even if the tax liability is admitted is not automatic. k) Even if the assessee has not challeng .....

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assessment order. l) Only when no explanation is offered or the explanation offered is found to be false or when the assessee fails to prove that the explanation offered is not bonafide, an order imposing penalty could be passed. m) If the explanation offered, even though not substantiated by the assessee, but is found to be bonafide and all facts relating to the same and material to the computation of his total income have been disclosed by him, no penalty could be imposed. n) The direction re .....

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), i.e., whether it is for concealment of income or for furnishing of incorrect particulars of income q) Sending printed form where all the ground mentioned in Section 271 are mentioned would not satisfy requirement of law. r) The assessee should know the grounds which he has to meet specifically. Otherwise, principles of natural justice is offended. On the basis of such proceedings, no penalty could be imposed to the assessee. s) Taking up of penalty proceedings on one limb and finding the asse .....

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