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Agriculture Sector needs a Transformation to ensure Sustainable Livelihoods for the Farmers and Food Security

Budget - Dated:- 26-2-2016 - Economic Survey Emphasizes to Improved Productivity in Agriculture Disbursal of Subsidy on Fertilizers should Shift to DBT Fixed Amount of Subsidy in the case of P And K Fertilizer Subsidy There needs to be a Shift to Demand-Driven Agricultural Advisory Services The Economic Survey 2015-16 presented today in the Parliament by the Union Finance Minister Shri Arun Jaitley stressed on the declining growth in agriculture, owing to two consecutive drought years and due to .....

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th adoption of appropriate technologies for efficient utilization of water through suitable pricing. First, adoption of irrigation technologies which improve efficiency in the use of water is imperative in a scenario where flood irrigation has resulted in wastage of water. Second, focus on efficient irrigation technologies is owing to climate change and indiscriminate wastage of water in agriculture and other uses. Having more crop per drop through motto to improve productivity in agriculture wh .....

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States. There is need to scope for increasing the coverage of irrigated area across the country to increase productivity in agriculture. There is need to arrest the declining trend in efficient utilization of irrigation potential and also reverse it in the next two three years. A larger share of funds available under the Mahatama Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNEREGA)/ other employment generating schemes need to be deployed for creating and maintenance of community assets inc .....

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efficient irrigation technologies which are both economically and technically efficient like drip and sprinkler irrigation can improve water use efficiency , reduce costs of production by reducing labour costs and power consumption. Water Productivity Water productivity at the all India level is very low and needs to be enhanced through tapping, harvesting and recycling water, efficient on-farm water management practices, mirco-irrigation (MI), use of waste water and resource conservation techno .....

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iciency by saving on time and labor, improve productivity, minimize wastage and reduce labor costs for each operation. With shortage of labour for agriculture operations owing to rural urban migration, shift from agriculture to services and rise in demand for labor in non- farm activities, there is need to use labour for agriculture operation judiciously, which makes a strong case for mechanization of farming. The overall level of mechanization in farming is below 50 per cent in the case of majo .....

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h are durable, light weight and low cost, region, crop and operation specific using indigenous/ adapted technologies need to be made available for small and marginal farmers to improve productivity. The basic inputs for increasing productivity in agriculture is seed. It is estimated that the quality for seed accounts for 20-25 per cent of productivity (DAC&FW, 2015). The issues that require immediate attention are: (i) Affordability: Seeds which are open pollinated verities can be developed .....

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(iii) Research and technology for seed development. Inadequate research and genetic engineering has been a constraint in the development of seeds/ seeds technology in major crops during the past few decades in India. There is need to encourage development of seeds/ seed technologies in both private and public sectors to initiate another round of Green revaluation. This development should cover a all agriculture segments/ corps-cereals, coarse cereals, fruits and vegetables, pulses, oilseeds, ani .....

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Indian agriculture. Fertilizers Fertilizers is a critical and expensive input required to improve agricultural output. To facilitate and promote the use of fertilizers in order to improve productivity, the Government has been providing fertilizer subsidy to farmers. The fertilizer subsidy is around 10 per cent of the total agriculture GDP in 2013-14. There is a need to rationalize fertilizer subsidy in an input, crop and region neutral format and minimize diversions. The disbursal of subsidy on .....

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nking the soil health card to provide profile of the soil and fertilizer on the basis of the same profile utilizing fertilizer, even if not subsidized can improve the yield of crops. Micro nutrients and organic fertilizers: Indian soils show deficiency of micro nutrients like boron, zinc, copper and iron in most parts of the country, which limits crop yields and productivity. According to agronomic trails conducted by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), fertilizers which suppleme .....

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and locally available organic manures like farmyard manure, compost, vermin compost and green manure based on soil testing is necessary to maintain soil health and productivity. Regional disparity in fertilizer consumption: There are wide regional disparities in the consumption of fertilizers. These disparities in fertilizer consumption may be attributed to the availability of irrigation facilities in the high consuming state since irrigation is a requirement for proper absorption of fertilizer .....

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s in India, posing major threats to the environment and human beings. Farmers need to be educated about the classification of insecticides on rte basis of their toxicity. They should also be advised whether specific pesticides are suitable for aerial application. Being environment friendly, non-toxic and cost effective, bio-pesticides need to be promoted among small farmers to improve productive in agriculture. There is need to address the problem of availability of credit on several fronts. In .....

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culture or investment credit has declined from 55 per cent in 2006-07 to 39 per cent in 201-12. The decline in needs to be arrested and reversed. The regional disparity in the distribution of agriculture credit also needs or be addressed. In India, farmers can avail of crop loans up to ₹ 3lakh at 7k per cent interest and the effective rate of interest has been lowered to 4 per cent during 2015-16 for those who repay their loans promptly. These measures help farmers tide over short-term con .....

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