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Contingencies and Events Occurring After the Balance Sheet Date w.e.f 30-3-2016

AS - 04 - Rule - B. Accounting Standard (AS) - Companies Law - AS - 04 - [W.e.f. 30-3-2016 - See Notification no. 364E dated 30-3-2016] Accounting Standards (AS) 4* Contingencies and Events Occurring After the Balance Sheet Date (This Accounting Standard includes paragraphs set in bold italic type and plain type, which have equal authority. Paragraphs in bold italic type indicate the main principles. This Accounting Standard should be read in the context of the General Instructions contained in .....

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plans; and (c) commitments arising from long-term lease contracts. Definitions 3. The following terms are used in this Standard with the meanings specified: 3.1 A contingency is a condition or situation, the ultimate outcome of which, gain or loss, will be known or determined only on the occurrence, or non-occurrence, of one or more uncertain future events. 3.2 Events occurring after the balance sheet date are those significant events, both favourable and unfavourable, that occur between the ba .....

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in this Standard is restricted to conditions or situations at the balance sheet date, the financial effect of which is to be determined by future events which may or may not occur. 4.2 Estimates are required for determining the amounts to be stated in the financial statements for many on-going and recurring activities of an enterprise. One must, however, distinguish between an event which is certain and one which is uncertain. The fact that an estimate is involved does not, of itself, create th .....

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tainty relating to future events can be expressed by a range of outcomes. This range may be presented as quantified probabilities, but in most circumstances, this suggests a level of precision that is not supported by the available information. The possible outcomes can, therefore, usually be generally described except where reasonable quantification is practicable. 4.4 The estimates of the outcome and of the financial effect of contingencies are determined by the judgement of the management of .....

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contingency will result in a loss to the enterprise, then it is prudent to provide for that loss in the financial statements. 5.2 The estimation of the amount of a contingent loss to be provided for in the financial statements may be based on information referred to in paragraph 4.4. 5.3 If there is conflicting or insufficient evidence for estimating the amount of a contingent loss, then disclosure is made of the existence and nature of the contingency. 5.4 A potential loss to an enterprise may .....

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nted bills of exchange and similar obligations undertaken by an enterprise are generally disclosed in financial statements by way of note, even though the possibility that a loss to the enterprise will occur, is remote. 5.6 Provisions for contingencies are not made in respect of general or unspecified business risks since they do not relate to conditions or situations existing at the balance sheet date. 6. Accounting Treatment of Contingent Gains Contingent gains are not recognised in financial .....

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tements are approved. Events occurring after the balance sheet date that indicate that an asset may have been impaired, or that a liability may have existed, at the balance sheet date are, therefore, taken into account in identifying contingencies and in determining the amounts at which such contingencies are included in financial statements. 7.2 In some cases, each contingency can be separately identified, and the special circumstances of each situation considered in the determination of the am .....

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ted a contingency in respect of an individual transaction are common to a large number of similar transactions, then the amount of the contingency need not be individually determined, but may be based on the group of similar transactions. An example of such contingencies may be the estimated uncollectable portion of accounts receivable. Another example of such contingencies may be the warranties for products sold. These costs are usually incurred frequently and experience provides a means by whi .....

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adjustments to assets and liabilities as at the balance sheet date or may require disclosure. 8.2 Adjustments to assets and liabilities are required for events occurring after the balance sheet date that provide additional information materially affecting the determination of the amounts relating to conditions existing at the balance sheet date. For example, an adjustment may be made for a loss on a trade receivable account which is confirmed by the insolvency of a customer which occurs after t .....

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circumstances which have occurred in the following period. 8.4 Events occurring after the balance sheet date which do not affect the figures stated in the financial statements would not normally require disclosure in the financial statements although they may be of such significance that they may require a disclosure in the report of the approving authority to enable users of financial statements to make proper evaluations and decisions. 8.5 There are events which, although they take place afte .....

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he balance sheet date may indicate that the enterprise ceases to be a going concern. A deterioration in operating results and financial position, or unusual changes affecting the existence or substratum of the enterprise after the balance sheet date (e.g., destruction of a major production plant by a fire after the balance sheet date) may indicate a need to consider whether it is proper to use the fundamental accounting assumption of going concern in the preparation of the financial statements. .....

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d. 9.3 When the events occurring after the balance sheet date are disclosed in the report of the approving authority, the information given comprises the nature of the events and an estimate of their financial effects or a statement that such an estimate cannot be made. Main Principles Contingencies 10. The amount of a contingent loss should be provided for by a charge in the statement of profit and loss if: (a) it is probable that future events will confirm that, after taking into account any r .....

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te 13. Assets and liabilities should be adjusted for events occurring after the balance sheet date that provide additional evidence to assist the estimation of amounts relating to conditions existing at the balance sheet date or that indicate that the fundamental accounting assumption of going concern (i.e., the continuance of existence or substratum of the enterprise) is not appropriate. 14. If an enterprise declares dividends to shareholders after the balance sheet date, the enterprise should .....

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uld be provided: (a) the nature of the contingency; (b) the uncertainties which may affect the future outcome; (c) an estimate of the financial effect, or a statement that such an estimate cannot be made. 17. If disclosure of events occurring after the balance sheet date in the report of the approving authority is required by paragraph 15 of this Standard, the following information should be provided: (a) the nature of the event; (b) an estimate of the financial effect, or a statement that such .....

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ll, inter alia, cover accounting for livestock. Till the time, the Accounting Standard on Agriculture is issued, accounting for livestock meeting the definition of Property, Plant and Equipment, will be covered as per AS 10 (Revised), Property, Plant and Equipment. 2 Shares, debentures and other securities held as stock-in-trade (i.e., for sale in the ordinary course of business) are not investments as defined in this Standard. However, the manner in which they are accounted for and disclosed in .....

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In respect of shares, debentures and other securities held as stock-in-trade, the cost of stocks disposed of is determined by applying an appropriate cost formula (e.g. first-in, first-out, average cost, etc.). These cost formulae are the same as those specified in Accounting Standard (AS) 2, in respect of Valuation of Inventories. * As defined in AS 21, Consolidated Financial Statements * Paragraph 23 shall not apply to any scheme of amalgamation approved under the Companies Act, 2013. * Parag .....

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