Law and Practice : Digital eBook
Research is most exciting & rewarding
Home Case Index All Cases Income Tax Income Tax + AT Income Tax - 2021 (2) TMI AT This
Forgot password New User/ Regiser
Register to get Live Demo
2021 (2) TMI 867 - AT - Income Tax
Disallowance of depreciation and additional depreciation claimed - Plant & Machinery or Furniture and fixtures - Application of functional test for determining what constitutes plant - HELD THAT:- As decided in assessee's own case AY 2013-14 certain items of assets are in the nature of Plant and machinery. It is the claim of the assessee that other items are also used as part of Plant and Machinery. Hence, we are of the view that this issue requires fresh examination at the end of the AO in accordance with the decision rendered by the Hon'ble Karnataka High Court in the case of Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd [1992 (8) TMI 13 - KARNATAKA HIGH COURT]. Accordingly, we restore this issue to the file of the AO for examining the same afresh.
Disallowance made out of Sales Promotion expenses - assessee had incurred expenses on giving of gifts/product information items to Ayurvedic doctors and general chemists - AO noticed that the gifts so given by the assessee consisted of product literature, medical test apparatus apart from small gifts with brand names embossed like wallet, flask, pen stand, note pads etc. - AO disallowed 20% of the amount spent on gifts given to doctors HELD THAT:- Identical orders of revenue authorities were considered and decided by the Tribunal in assessee’s own case for AY 2013-14 income tax officer cannot sit on the arms chair of a business man and could decide the quantum of expenses. So long as it is seen that the expenses have been incurred for business purposes on commercial considerations, the same is allowable as deduction - . When the AO is accepting 80% of the expenditure, we do not find any justification for disallowing the remaining 20%. Hence, we are unable to sustain the estimated disallowance made by the AO.
Transfer pricing adjustment relating to “sale/export of goods to “associated enterprises” - assessee selected Transaction Net Margin Method (TNMM) as most appropriate method - validity of reference made to TPO u/s 92CA - action of TPO in treating the foreign companies as Associated Enterprises of the assessee - HELD THAT:- Both the parties agreed that the issue relating to validity of reference made to TPO has been decided against the assessee by the co-ordinate bench in assessee’s own case [2018 (7) TMI 1964 - ITAT BANGALORE]. Also The issue relating to AE relationship raised in Gr.No.8.6 & 8.7 was declined to be examined by the co-ordinate bench in the above said year and it appears that the assessee has not objected to the same.
Adoption of “Cost Plus Method” as most appropriate method by the TPO - In assessee’s own case [2018 (7) TMI 1964 - ITAT BANGALORE].TPO while adopting CPM has failed to appreciate several material aspects of the issue as discussed above. In our view, the learned TPO was not justified in comparing the gross margin in export segment vis-a-vis gross margins in domestic segment. There are various differences in the functions performed and the risk assumed in these two segments and therefore, the same cannot be considered as comparable cases for determining the ALP. There is no marketing risk in the export segment, no risk of bad debts, no product liability risk in export segments whereas the assessee has to bear all these risks in the domestic segment. The contractual statements also defer in the domestic segment vis-a-vis export segments. There are different characteristics and contractual terms in the two segments and further geographical and marked differences are also present. Thus, we are of the view that it is very difficult to make suitable adjustments for these differences, hence the CMA method is not appropriate method for determining the ALP.
Thus in the case on hand reasonably accurate adjustments cannot be made to determine the adjusted profit mark up as per Rule 10B(1)(c), CPM cannot be considered as the MAM.
TP Adjustment - As the assessee has declared net profit margin rate @ 1.19% for “Domestic – Personal care division” and @ 12.60% for “Exports to AE division”. Admittedly, the net profit margin rate of “Exports to AEs division” is more than the uncontrolled comparable selected by the assessee/TPO. Hence price charged for export of finished goods to AEs is at arms length. In AY 2010-11 also, the coordinate bench has given a finding that the price charged for export of finished goods to AEs is at arms length, since the net profit margin rate was higher in that division vis-à-vis the Domestic – Personal care division. Accordingly, the co-ordinate bench held that the TP adjustment made in this regard is liable to be deleted. The facts available in this year also are identical and accordingly we hold that the T.P adjustment made by the AO in respect of international transaction of Export to AEs is liable to be deleted. Accordingly we direct the AO to delete the same.
Transfer pricing adjustment made in respect of Advertisement and Marketing Promotion (AMP) expenses - HELD THAT:- As decided in assessee's own case [2018 (7) TMI 1964 - ITAT BANGALORE] AMP transaction is not an international transaction in the absence of specific agreement between assessee and its AE on the matter of incurring of AMP expenses and hence there was no requirement for determining the ALP of the said expenses.
Transfer Pricing adjustment relating to “royalty” - TPO noticed that the assessee is having a “Research & Development” unit in India and accordingly developing all its products - HELD THAT:- The product registration/licensing are requirement of statute, without which the said products could not be marketed in those countries. As noticed earlier, such kinds of product registration/license could be obtained by the manufacturer only, in normal circumstances. The traders should have obtained separate license for trading in the drugs/beauty items. Hence, it cannot be said that the traders have exploited the registration/license obtained by the suppliers under the various statutes. Further, the manufacturers and other suppliers of the products sell them at profit and the practice or presumption is that the supplier has determined the selling price by taking into account all relevant costs.
Assessee would have collected royalty amount for finished goods exported to unrelated parties. However, the Ld A.R pointed out that the assessee has not collected any amount over and above the selling price either from domestic customers or from non-AEs. Hence, the basic premise of the TPO, which formed the basis for determining ALP of alleged royalty fails here. Accordingly, we are of the view that, in the facts and circumstances of the case, it cannot be taken that the AEs have exploited the product registration/license obtained by the assessee from various Governments. Hence the question of payment of royalty does not arise. Thus we delete the addition made by the AO.