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2023 (2) TMI 418 - AT - Income Tax
Levy of penalty u/s 271(1)(b) - non-compliance of the notices issued u/s. 142(1) - Penalty u/s 271F - non-filing of the Return of Income - HELD THAT:- Parliament has used the words "may" and not "shall", thereby making their intention clear in as much as that levy of Penalty is discretionary and not automatic. The said conclusion is further justified by Section 273B of the Act namely “Penalty not to be imposed in certain cases”. A careful reading of Section 273B encompasses that certain penalties "shall" not be imposed in cases where "reasonable cause" is successfully pleaded.
In the facts of the present case, it is seen that the explanation offered by the assessee have been ignored by the A.O. as well as the Ld. CIT(A)-NFAC but confirmed the levy of penalties u/s. 271(1)(b) and u/s. 271F of the Act without considering u/s. 273B - Applying the provisions of Section 273B we have no hesitation in deleting the penalties levied u/s. 271(1)(b) and u/s. 271F of the Act since “reasonable cause” is clearly demonstrated by the assessee. Therefore the penalties levied u/s. 271(1)(b) and u/s. 271F are deleted. - Appeal of assessee allowed.