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2023 (5) TMI 261 - AT - Customs
Determination of effective date and time of implementation of Notification No. 93/2017-Cus. dated 21.12.2017 enhancing Customs duty - Desi Chick Peas - HELD THAT:- After going through both the provisions in Section 25(1)&(4) of Customs Act, it can only be stated that by virtue of the those provisions the legislation had empowered the Central Government to vary the Customs duty, to its satisfaction, when circumstance so demands and while Section 8A of the Customs Traffic Act prescribes or increase of import duties, Section 25 prescribes for exemption from application of import duties, on certain articles, when it is expedient to do so on public interest or to meet the circumstances. Apart from these thin line distinction, what remains in common is the “standing of the Central Government” to enter into the legislative domain through a delegated authority, vested on it by the Parliament and it is in respect of this position/standing of the Central Government’s law making power.
Both the notifications issued under Section 25 of the Customs Act and Section 8A of the Customs Tariff Act stand on similar footings for being delegated legislation for not being an Act or Regulation as has defined in the General Clauses Act, for which fraction of time could have been ignored and Section 5(3) of the General Clauses Act, 1897 would not be applied to these notifications, as otherwise contrary is expressed by way of insertion of deeming provisions in Regulation 4(2) of Regulation 2018, and in enabling provision of Section 46 of the Customs Act, while Section 15(1)(a), 17 Section 46(1) and 47(2)(a) Constitute one composite scheme.
Re-assessment of duty post completion of self-assessment and out of charge order, on the basis of Notification No. 93/2017-Cus. published subsequent to such completion of assessment, is contrary to the provision of law.