Law and Practice : Digital eBook
Research is most exciting & rewarding
Home Case Index All Cases Income Tax Income Tax + AT Income Tax - 2023 (5) TMI AT This
Forgot password New User/ Regiser
Register to get Live Demo
2023 (5) TMI 1046 - AT - Income Tax
Validity of reopening u/s.147 r.w.s. 148 - income accrued and arisen in India - addition on the ground of balance appearing in HSBC Bank Account, Geneva undisclosed - HELD THAT:- Once the AO while recording the reasons has accepted that assessee is a non-resident, then how balance in the bank account with HSBC bank, Geneva represents income which is accrued or arising or is deemed to accrue or arise in India so as to come within the scope of total income in terms of Section 5 of the Act. - AO should have mentioned it in the reasons recorded before acquiring jurisdiction to reopen an assessment for an extended period of 16 years that, firstly, assessee is a resident in terms of Section 6; and if not then secondly, the balance lying in the foreign bank account represents income which has accrued or arisen or deemed to accrue or arise in India u/s. 5.
Once that fact has not been brought on record, ostensibly there cannot be any reason to believe that the income in relation to such an asset has escaped assessment for the A.Y.s 2006-07 and 2007-08 and extended time limit of 16 years is available
The reasons recorded by the AO are not only vague and general but without any application of mind on the records and the material which was filed by the assessee before the Income Tax department right from the year 2011 to 2014, till the issuance of notice u/s.148. The reasons have been recorded in a very mechanical manner without even ascertaining the facts and material available on record.
Even going by the so called “Base Note” as mentioned by the ld. AO refers to account holder, Amaya Ltd. which is a separate legal entity and incorporated outside India. At the time of recording, the reasons or even in the Base Note, nowhere it has been brought on record that the said entity Amaya Ltd. is fictitious or some kind of transparent entity.
Nothing has been brought on record in “reasons recorded” or there is any material on record that assessee has any business connection in India and therefore amount deposited in said foreign bank account is income arisen or accrued or deemed to have arisen or deemed to have accrued in India. If at all there is some doubt about the said entity and deposits made therein, then, it is the UK Tax authorities which have to examine this issue.
No jurisdiction to the AO to reopen the case of a non-resident u/s 147 of the Act based on some vague and general information as noted in the reasons recorded and without ascribing how income chargeable to tax has escaped assessment in India. Therefore, entire re-assessment order is held as “null and void”. Decided in favour of assessee.