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Home Acts & Rules Bill Bills FINANCE BILL, 2021 Chapters List Chapter III DIRECT TAXES - Income-tax This
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Clause 14 - Amendment of section 45. - FINANCE BILL, 2021

FINANCE BILL, 2021
Chapter III
DIRECT TAXES - Income-tax
  • Contents

Amendment of section 45.

14. In section 45 of the Income-tax Act,––

(a) after sub-section (1A), the following sub-section shall be inserted, namely:––

‘(1B) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1), where any person receives at any time during any previous year any amount under a unit linked insurance policy, to which exemption under clause (10D) of section 10 does not apply on account of the applicability of the fourth and fifth proviso thereof, including the amount allocated by way of bonus on such policy, then, any profits or gains arising from receipt of such amount by such person shall be chargeable to income-tax under the head "Capital gains" and shall be deemed to be the income of such person of the previous year in which such amount was received and the income taxable shall be calculated in such manner as may be prescribed.’;

(b) for sub-section (4), the following sub-sections shall be substituted, namely:––

‘(4) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1), where a specified person receives during the previous year any capital asset at the time of dissolution or reconstitution of the specified entity, which represents the balance in his capital account in the books of accounts of such specified entity at the time of its dissolution or reconstitution, then any profits or gains arising from receipt of such capital asset by the specified person shall be chargeable to income-tax as income of such specified entity under the head "Capital gains" and shall be deemed to be the income of such specified entity of the previous year in which such capital asset was received by the specified person and notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in this Act, for the purposes of section 48,––

(a) fair market value of the capital asset on the date of such receipt shall be deemed to be the full value of the consideration received or accruing as a result of the transfer of such capital asset; and

(b) the cost of acquisition of the capital asset shall be determined in accordance with the provisions of this Chapter:

Provided that the balance in the capital account of the specified person in the books of account of the specified entity is to be calculated without taking into account increase in the capital account of the specified person due to revaluation of any asset or due to self-generated goodwill or any other self-generated asset.

Explanation.––For the purposes of this sub-section,––

(i) “specified entity” means a firm or other association of persons or body of individuals (not being a company or a cooperative society);

(ii) “self-generated goodwill” and “self-generated asset” mean goodwill or asset, as the case may be, which has been acquired without incurring any cost for purchase or which has been generated during the course of the business or profession;

(iii) “specified person” means a person who is partner of a firm or member of other association of persons or body of individuals (not being a company or a cooperative society), in any previous year.

(4A) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1), where a specified person receives during the previous year any money or other asset at the time of dissolution or reconstitution of the specified entity, which is in excess of the balance in his capital account in the books of accounts of such specified entity at the time of its dissolution or reconstitution, then any profits or gains arising from receipt of such money or other asset by the specified person shall be chargeable to income-tax as income of such specified entity under the head "Capital gains" and shall be deemed to be the income of such specified entity of the previous year in which such money or other asset was received by the specified person and notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in this Act, for the purposes of section 48,––

(a) value of any money or the fair market value of other asset on the date of such receipt shall be deemed to be the full value of the consideration received or accruing as a result of the transfer of such capital asset; and

(b) the balance in the capital account of the specified person in the books of accounts of the specified entity at the time of its dissolution or reconstitution shall be deemed to be the cost of acquisition:

Provided that the balance in the capital account of the specified person in the books of account of the specified entity is to be calculated without taking into account increase in the capital account of the specified person due to revaluation of any asset or due to self-generated goodwill or any other self-generated asset.

Explanation.––For the purpose of this sub-section, the expressions “specified entity”, “self-generated goodwill”, “self-generated asset” and "specified person" shall have the meaning respectively assigned to them in sub-section (4).’.

 



 

Notes on Clauses:

Clause 14 of the Bill seeks to amend section 45 of the Income-tax Act relating to Capital gains.

The aforesaid section inter alia, provides that any profits or gains arising from the transfer of a capital asset shall be chargeable to income-tax under the head “Capital gains” and shall be deemed to be the income of the previous year in which such transfer took place.

Further, sub-section (4) of the said section, provides that the profits or gains arising from the transfer of a capital asset by way of distribution of capital assets on the dissolution of a firm or other association of persons or body of individuals (not being a company or a cooperative society) or otherwise, shall be chargeable to tax as the income of the firm, association or body, of the previous year in which the said transfer takes place.

It is proposed to insert sub-clause (1B) so as to provide that notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1), where any person receives at any time during any previous year any amount under a unit linked insurance policy, to which exemption under clause (10D) of section 10 does not apply on account of the applicability of the fourth and fifth proviso thereof, including the amount allocated by way of bonus on such policy, then, any profits or gains arising from receipt of such amount by such person shall be chargeable to income-tax under the head "Capital gains" and shall be deemed to be the income of such person of the previous year in which such amount was received and the income taxable shall be calculated in such manner as may be provided by rules.

It is further proposed to substitute sub-section (4) in the said section so as to provide that where a specified person receives during the previous year any capital asset at the time of its dissolution or reconstitution of the specified entity, which represents the balance in his capital account in the books of accounts of such specified entity at the time of dissolution or reconstitution, then any profits or gains arising from receipt of such capital asset by the specified person shall be chargeable to income-tax as income of such specified entity under the head "Capital gains" and shall be deemed to be the income of such specified entity of the previous year in which such capital asset was received by the specified person.

It is also proposed to amend the section to provide that fair market value of the capital asset on the date of such receipt shall be deemed to be the full value of the consideration received or accruing as a result of the transfer of such capital asset.

It is also proposed to amend the section to provide that the cost of acquisition of the capital asset shall be determined in accordance with the provisions of this Chapter.

It is also proposed to amend the section to provide that the balance in the capital account of the specified person in the books of account of the specified entity is to be calculated without taking into account increase in the capital account of the specified person due to revaluation of any asset or due to self-generated goodwill or any other self-generated asset.

It is also proposed to amend the section to define the expressions “self-generated goodwill” and “self-generated assets”, “specified entity” and “specified person”.

It is also proposed to insert sub-section (4A) in the said section so as to provide that where a specified person receives during the previous year any money or other asset at the time of dissolution or reconstitution of the specified entity, which is in excess of the balance in his capital account in the books of accounts of such specified entity at the time of its dissolution or reconstitution, then any profits or gains arising from receipt of such money or other asset by the specified person shall be chargeable to income-tax as income of such specified entity under the head "Capital gains" and shall be deemed to be the income of such specified entity of the previous year in which such money or other asset was received by the specified person.

It is also proposed to amend the section to provide that value of any money or the fair market value of other asset on the date of such receipt shall be deemed to be the full value of the consideration received or accruing as a result of the transfer of such capital asset.

It is also proposed to amend the section to provide that the balance in the capital account of the specified person in the books of accounts of the specified entity at the time of its dissolution or reconstitution shall be deemed to be the cost of acquisition and the balance in the capital account of the specified person in the books of account of the specified entity is to be calculated without taking into account increase in the capital account of the specified person due to revaluation of any asset or due to self-generated goodwill or any other self-generated asset.

It is also proposed to amend the section to provide that for the purpose of this subsection, the expressions “specified entity”, “self-generated goodwill”, “self-generated asset” and "specified person" shall have the meaning assigned to them in sub-section (4) of the Act.

These amendments will take effect from 1st April, 2021 and will, accordingly, apply in relation to the assessment year 2021-2022 and subsequent assessment years.

 
 
 
 
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