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Export of Finished Leather - Revised Leather Norms. - DGFT - 15/2015-2020

Extract

..... hall constitute “Finished Leather” and the same may be exported without a license but subject to the terms and conditions specified against each item in column 3 of the table hereunder.” S. No. Description of item Manufacturing Norms Conditions 1. 2. 3. I Leathers with finishing coat (All substrates - Goat and Sheep skins and Bovine hides/sides calf skins including splits) a. Tanning b. Dyeing(optional) c. Fatliquoring d. Finishing coat II Suede Leathers (All substrates including splits) a. Tanning b. Dyeing in light/pastel/medium/dark shades (in case of doubt, the presence of dye to be ascertained by chromatographic technique or spectrophotometric technique) c. Fatliquoring d. Buffing to produce suede nap e. Shaving/snuff .....

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Export of Finished Leather - Revised Leather Norms. - DGFT

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..... ique or spectrophotometric technique) c. Fatliquoring d. Wax coat e. Burnishable effect on rubbing (Minimum CIEΔL value of -3.0 on 10 dry rubbing on SATRA Fastness tester or any other fastness tester as measured on a Reflectance spectrophotometer) VII Pull Up Leather - Wax/Oil (All substrates including butts and bends) a. Tanning b. Dyeing in light/pastel/medium/dark shades(in case of doubt, the presence of dye to be ascertained by chromatographic technique or spectrophotometric technique) c. Fatliquoring d. Wax coat (or) Oilcoat e. Pull up effect (Minimum CIE ΔL value of +3.0 as measured on a reflectance spectrophotometer) VIII Heavy Leathers including sole leather, harness and belting leathers (Bovine hides/sides including but .....

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Export of Finished Leather - Revised Leather Norms. - DGFT

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..... tral Leather Research Institute (CLRI). DEFINITIONS OF MANUFACTURING OPERATIONS Tanning -Tanning with one or more than one kind of tanning agent, such as mineral tanning and vegetable tanning and/or syntan tanning and/or resin tanning and/or aldehyde tanning, oil tanning in any sequence and or any new type of tanning. Dyeing - Treating the leather with a solution of dye/s to impart a colour . In case of doubt the presence of dye should be ascertained by extracting dye from leather using suitable solvent mixture and by running thin layer chromatography (TLC) NOTE: 1:- Testing for the presence of dye: By Chromatographic technique: Organic layer separated from Butanol, acetic acid and water mixture taken in the ratio 4:1:5, using a separating .....

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Export of Finished Leather - Revised Leather Norms. - DGFT

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..... ried out to detect the finishing coat. NOTE 2: - Microscopic examination for finish coat: Binocular stereoscopic microscope with (two paired) objectives capable of viewing the objects at a total magnification of 100X will be required. Stereoscopic microscope gives a three dimensional view of the object. Leather sample to be examined is placed on the stage of the microscope with the grain facing the objectives and then the surface is focused. Two or three places in each of the five locations namely butt, belly (one each side of the back bone line) and neck or shoulder examined. To the naked eye, the grain surface may appear to be plain, but when focused under microscope, innumerable depressions can be seen on the surface. These depressions a .....

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Export of Finished Leather - Revised Leather Norms. - DGFT

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..... inimum CIE ΔL value of - 3.0 on 10 dry rubbing on SATRA or any other fastness tester. Pull up Effect - Leather shall produce a distinct pull-up effect showing a contrast light color from the base minimum CIE ΔL value of +3 as measured by the reflectance spectrophotometer. Wool Combing- The operation through which wool entanglements are released. Application of foil/film - Acrylic/PVC/PU foil or film Rolling - The operation of rolling the heavy leathers like sole leather using a heavy roller with rolling machine. 3D EFFECT Three-dimensional effect displays leather in a form that appears to be physically present with a designated structure. Essentially, it allows items that appeared flat to the human eye to be display in a form th .....

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Export of Finished Leather - Revised Leather Norms. - DGFT

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