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2016 (7) TMI 1057 - SUPREME COURT

2016 (7) TMI 1057 - SUPREME COURT - 2016 (338) E.L.T. 335 (SC), [2016] 94 VST 83 (SC) - Entry tax - products, namely, Mediker and Starch (Revive) - common parlance test - Madhya Pradesh Entry Tax Act, 1976 - Held that:- Mediker which is used for anti-lice treatment is a drug because of its medicinal affect. This position has been accepted by this Court. Once it is a drug, it cannot be a shampoo. As a natural corollary, it will not invite the liability of levy of entry tax. - Decided against the .....

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sioner, Commercial Tax in Review case No.80/03/Ind/Entry Tax imposing entry tax on the products, namely, Mediker and Starch (Revive) after declining to entertain the stance of the assessee that Mediker being a drug Starch (Revive) being not a chemical, are not liable to levy of entry tax under the Madhya Pradesh Entry Tax Act, 1976, (for short the E.T. Act ), has been dislodged and both the products have been held not to be within the ambit of entry tax. 2. The facts giving rise to the present a .....

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grieved by the aforesaid order the respondent-company preferred Review case No. 80/2003 before the Additional Commissioner, Commercial Tax, Indore. It was contended before the said authority that the entry tax imposed on the assessee on Mediker, which is meant for anti-lice treatment, was illegal being not permissible under any of the entries mentioned in Schedule II of the E.T. Act and there was no material on record to treat starch as a chemical. It was also urged that Mediker is a medicine an .....

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n of other articles, could not have been made amenable to entry tax, more so, in the absence of its mention in the Schedule. It was also held that starch is not a chemical. 3. Criticising the order passed by the High Court, Mr. C.D. Singh, learned counsel appearing for the State would contend that Mediker, in common parlance, is considered as shampoo and not as a medicine because it is nowhere mentioned in the label of the product that after removal of the lice, it cannot be used again or cannot .....

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ute is dealing, would attribute to it. For the said purpose, learned counsel has also drawn inspiration from United Offset Process Pvt. Ltd. v. Asst. Collector of Customs, Bombay & Ors (1989) Supp. 1 SCC 131 . Submission of Mr. Singh is that just because the product contains D-Phenothrin EP and is used for treating lice, it cannot be termed as medicament in view of the principles stated in Sunny Industries Pvt. Ltd. v. Collector of Central Excise, Calcutta (2003) 4 SCC 280. According to the .....

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e infection in hairs and the product is marketed as Mediker anti-lice treatment . It is urged by him that Mediker anti-lice treatment is manufactured after obtaining the drug licence under the Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940 (for short, the 1940 Act ) wherein it has been classified as a drug falling under Section 3(b) of the 1940 Act. It is contended by him that that Mediker anti-lice treatment satisfies the definition of the drug and after due scrutiny, the drug control authorities have granted l .....

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admitted position that drugs are not covered under the E.T. Act and do not find any mention either in the Schedule I or Schedule II and are not liable to levy of entry tax. Incrementing the submission learned senior counsel would contend that the revenue has charged entry tax under Entry 32 of Schedule II which really relates to different cosmetics, depilatories, etc. and hair shampoo is one of such items, but Mediker anti-lice treatment is not a hair shampoo but is a medicine/drug. As far as t .....

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d according to him, it has not been discharged in the case at hand. 5. Section 3 of the E.T. Act deals with incidence of taxation. Section 3(1)(a) reads as follows:- There shall be levied an entry tax: (a) on the entry in the course of business of a dealer of goods specified in Schedule II, into each local area for consumption, use or sale therein; and (b) …….. 6. In the case at hand, we are concerned with certain entries in Schedule II. Entry 32 which has been sought to be used to .....

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the impugned order would show, has returned certain findings which are to the effect that Mediker contains active Permethrin which is used to paralyse the insect lice, thereby killing it; that Mediker is basically a medicinal product, since the skin (cuticulam) of the louse is similar to the structure of human nail it has first to be made porous so that the active ingredient can penetrate and enter the louse and paralyse it; that for the purpose of treatment a wetting agent is needed and this we .....

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ala General Sales Tax Act, 1963. In that context, the Court observed that:- … Now there is one cardinal rule of interpretation which has always to be borne in mind while interpreting entries in sales tax legislation and it is that the words used in the entries must be construed not in any technical sense nor from the scientific point of view but as understood in common parlance. We must give the words used by the legislature their popular-sense meaning that sense which people conversant w .....

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ay be either in the form of raw gold or silver or ingots or bars of gold or silver. … Learned counsel for the State has heavily relied on the said passage. It is well settled in law that ratio of a judgment is to be appreciated in the factual backdrop of the case. In the said case, as we find, the factual background was absolutely different and, therefore, we have no hesitation in holding that the said authority remotely does not assist the revenue for buttressing the contention that Medi .....

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medicine and the finding of the tribunal that DML was toilet requisite was upheld. During the pendency of the appeals before this Court, the Central Excise Tariff Act, 1985 was enacted which replaced the Schedule to the Central Excise and Salt Act, 1944. The 1985 Act, as the Court noticed, dealt with pharmaceutical products and there was a Sub-Heading 3003.30 which provided for no excise duty leviable on medicaments, including those used in ayurvedic, unani, siddha, homeopathic or bio-chemic sys .....

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the product. Thereafter the dispute arose with regard to the classification. Mr. Singh has drawn our attention to paragraph 46 of the decision in Shree Baidyanath Ayurved Bhavan Limited-II (supra) to emphasise on the common parlance test. We think it appropriate to reproduce the entire paragraph:- As a matter of fact, this Court has consistently applied common parlance test as one of the well-recognised tests to find out whether the product falls under Chapter 30 or Chapter 33. In a recent decis .....

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tan Ltd. (2004) 9 SCC 156 There is no dispute about this as even the Revenue accepts that the test is determinative for the issue involved. The tests are: I. Whether the item is commonly understood as a medicament which is called the common parlance test. For this test it will have to be seen whether in common parlance the item is accepted as a medicament. If a product falls in the category of medicament it will not be an item of common use. A user will use it only for treating a particular ailm .....

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taken in Puma Ayurvedic Herbal (P) Ltd. (supra) and applied the common parlance test and accepted the submissions of the revenue. 10. There can be no dispute over the proposition of law laid down in the aforesaid authority. The thrust of the matter is how the courts have treated a particular product for the purpose of classification under the excise law and what status is to be given. The issue of anti-lice treatment arose in Collector of Central Excise v. Pharmasia (P) Ltd. 1990 (47) E.L.T. 658 .....

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ately with clean water COMPOSITION D-Phenothrin EP 0.23% W/V Triclosan E.P. 0.05% W/V base q.s. MEDIKER is the registered trade mark of Richardson - Vicks Inc. Manufactured by PROCTER & GAMBLE INDIA LIMITED BOMBAY 400011 Licenced Users of the Trademark Contents 45ml Mfg. Lic No. 526/A/AP Retail price not to exceed ₹ 9.60 (Local Tax extra) FOR EXTERNAL USE ONLY MADE IN INDIA Expiry date 2 years from the date of Mfg. Batch No. 8969 Date of Mfg. 12/88." 11. The tribunal, as the judgm .....

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repeated, lice are eliminated. The label also shows that Madiker consists of D-Phenothrin and other ingredients. The penetrating power of D-Phenothrin whereby it paralyses the lice was established before us during the course of hearing. The label itself immediately after the name of the product (Mediker) mentions "anti-lice treatment". These show that "Mediker" is a special product made for the treatment of lice. The submissions made by the learned Advocate that the anti-lic .....

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a medicament. Merck Index of Chemicals and Drugs, Biological, Tenth Edition describes D-phenothrin, its various isomers and its use as insecticides. Extra pharmacopea (Martindale) also mentions phenothrin as being used in drugs as insecticides. In this connection we find that the certificate from the Drug Control Administration, Government of Andhra Pradesh dated 22-6-1987 is relevant. The following extract supports the case of the respondents : "As D-phenothrin is used on human body for t .....

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they are used for internal consumption or external application has to be considered as a medicament. Therefore, we conclude that Mediker is a medicament. We further observe that the medicinal use of the product is not its subsidiary function but is the only function. Be it noted, the order passed by the tribunal was assailed in Civil Appeal No. 3220 of 1990 and this Court had dismissed the Civil Appeal in Collector of Central Excise, Hyderabad v. M/s Pharmsia Pvt. Ltd. 1996 (83) ELT A178 (SC). .....

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peutic. Licel cures the infection or infestation of lice in human hair. It is thus therapeutic. It is also prophylactic inasmuch as it prevents disease which will follow from infestation of lice. Thus, this is a product which is used for therapeutic and prophylactic purposes. It would thus be a Medicament within the meaning of the term Medicament in Note 2 of Chapter 30. It therefore gets excluded from Chapter 38. 7. This view has also been taken by us in the case of ICPA Health Products (P) Ltd .....

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cosmetic products are meant to improve appearance of a person, that is, they enhance beauty, whereas a medicinal product or a medicament is meant to treat some medical condition. It may happen that while treating a particular medical problem, after the problem is cured, the appearance of the person concerned may improve. What is to be seen is the primary use of the product. To illustrate, a particular Ayurvedic product may be used for treating baldness. Baldness is a medical problem. By use of t .....

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ovidone iodine cleansing solution USP and wokadine surgical scrub as medicaments after appreciating the facts that the products are used by the surgeons for the purpose of cleaning or degerming their hands and scrubbing the surface of the skin of the patient before that portion is operated upon. Thereafter the Court observed thus:- The purpose is to prevent the infection or disease. Therefore, the product in question can be safely classified as a medicament which would fall under Chapter Sub-Hea .....

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