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2019 (10) TMI 418

..... hat ‘Information Memorandum’ was published and in the absence of any viable or feasible ‘Resolution Plan’ order of Liquidation was passed. We are not inclined to interfere with the order dated 10th December, 2018.' During the period of liquidation, the Liquidator is to ensure that the ‘Corporate Debtor’ continues as a going concern and Liquidator is required to act in terms of decision of this Appellate Tribunal in Y. SHIVRAM PRASAD AND ASSET RECONSTRUCTION COMPANY (INDIA) LTD. VERSUS S. DHANAPAL & ORS. AND SERVALAKSHMI PAPER LTD. & ORS [2019 (5) TMI 386 - NATIONAL COMPANY LAW APPELLATE TRIBUNAL, NEW DELHI] where it was held that It is clear that during the liquidation process, step required to be taken for its revival and continuance of the ‘Corporate Debtor’ by protecting the ‘Corporate Debtor’ from its management and from a death by liquidation. The Appellant being the Promoter may move before the Liquidator, if he intends to file scheme in terms of section 230 of the Companies Act, 2013. Appeal disposed off. - Company Appeal (AT) (Insolvency)No. 116 of 2019 With Company Appeal (AT) (Insolvency)No. 117 of 20 .....

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..... Ors.─ Company Appeal (AT) (Insolvency) Nos. 495 & 496 of 2018 wherein this Appellate Tribunal having noticed the decision of the Hon ble Supreme Court in Swiss Ribbon Pvt. Ltd. & Anr. v. Union of India & Ors. (Supra) and Meghal Homes Pvt. Ltd. observed and held: 5. We have heard the learned counsel for the parties and perused the record. The Hon ble Supreme Court in Swiss Ribbons Pvt. Ltd. & Anr. vs. Union of India & Ors. - Writ Petition (Civil) No. 99 of 2018 by its judgment dated 25th January, 2019, observed as follows: 11. ………What is interesting to note is that the Preamble does not, in any manner, refer to liquidation, which is only availed of as a last resort if there is either no resolution plan or the resolution plans submitted are not up to the mark. Even in liquidation, the liquidator can sell the business of the corporate debtor as a going concern. [See ArcelorMittal (supra) at paragraph 83, footnote 3]. (Emphasis added) 12. It can thus be seen that the primary focus of the legislation is to ensure revival and continuation of the corporate debtor by protecting the corporate debtor from its own management and from a corporate .....

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..... in a case where an order of winding up has been made and a liquidator had been appointed. Equally, it does not appear to be necessary to go elaborately into the question whether in the case of a company in liquidation, only the Official Liquidator could propose a compromise or arrangement with the creditors and members as contemplated by Section 391 of the Act or any of the contributories or creditors also can come forward with such an application. 7. Section 391 of the Companies Act, 1956 has since been replaced by Section 230 of the Companies Act, 2013, which is as follows: 230. Power to compromise or make arrangements with creditors and members (1) Where a compromise or arrangement is proposed- (a) between a company and its creditors or any class of them; or (b) between a company and its members or any class of them, the Tribunal may, on the application of the company or of any creditor or member of the company, or in the case of a company which is being wound up, of the liquidator appointed under this Act or under the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 as the case may be, order a meeting of the creditors or class of creditors, or of the members or class of members, as the ca .....

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..... e prescribed: Provided that such notice and other documents shall also be placed on the website of the company, if any, and in case of a listed company, these documents shall be sent to the Securities and Exchange Board and stock exchange where the securities of the companies are listed, for placing on their website and shall also be published in newspapers in such manner as may be prescribed: Provided further that where the notice for the meeting is also issued by way of an advertisement, it shall indicate the time within which copies of the compromise or arrangement shall be made available to the concerned persons free of charge from the registered office of the company. (4) A notice under sub-section (3)shall provide that the persons to whom the notice is sent may vote in the meeting either themselves or through proxies or by postal ballot to the adoption of the compromise or arrangement within one month from the date of receipt of such notice: Provided that any objection to the compromise or arrangement shall be made only by persons holding not less than ten per cent. of the shareholding or having outstanding debt amounting to not less than five per cent. of the total outstandi .....

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..... visions) Act, 1985 shall abate; (e) such other matters including exit offer to dissenting shareholders, if any, as are in the opinion of the Tribunal necessary to effectively implement the terms of the compromise or arrangement: Provided that no compromise or arrangement shall be sanctioned by the Tribunal unless a certificate by the company's auditor has been filed with the Tribunal to the effect that the accounting treatment, if any, proposed in the scheme of compromise or arrangement is in conformity with the accounting standards prescribed under section 133. (8) The order of the Tribunal shall be filed with the Registrar by the company within a period of thirty days of the receipt of the order. (9) The Tribunal may dispense with calling of a meeting of creditor or class of creditors where such creditors or class of creditors, having at least ninety per cent. value, agree and confirm, by way of affidavit, to the scheme of compromise or arrangement. (10) No compromise or arrangement in respect of any buy-back of securities under this section shall be sanctioned by the Tribunal unless such buy-back is in accordance with the provisions of section 68. (11) Any compromise or arra .....

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..... take step to sell the business of the Corporate Debtor as going concern in its totality along with the employees. 14. The last stage will be death of the Corporate Debtor by liquidation, which should be avoided. 15. Learned counsel appearing on behalf of the Appellant (Promoter) submitted that the provisions under Section 230 may not be completed within 90 days, as observed in S.C. Sekaran v. Amit Gupta & Ors. (Supra). 16. It is further submitted that there will be objections by some of the creditors or members who may not allow the Tribunal to pass appropriate order under Section 230 of the Companies Act, 2013. 17. Normally, the total period for liquidation is to be completed preferably within two years. Therefore, in S.C. Sekaran v. Amit Gupta & Ors. (Supra), this Appellate Tribunal allowed 90 days time to take steps under Section 230 of the Companies Act, 2013. In case, for any reason the liquidation process under Section 230 takes more time, it is open to the Adjudicating Authority (Tribunal) to extend the period if there is a chance of approval of arrangement of the scheme. 18. During proceeding under Section 230, if any, objection is raised, it is open to the Adjudica .....

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