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Input credit time limit in case of import (Bill of entry), Goods and Services Tax - GST

Issue Id: - 116138
Dated: 14-3-2020
By:- sunil bhageria
Input credit time limit in case of import (Bill of entry)

  • Contents

Wether same time limit for taking input credit is applicable in case of Imports vide bills of entry i.e. filing of return of Sept. or annual return whichever is earlier or there is no time limit to claim input credit of IGST paid on imports (Bill of entry)

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Showing Replies 1 to 15 of 22 Records

1 Dated: 14-3-2020

Bill of entry is a prescribed document under Rule 36(1) (d) of CGST Rules, 2017 for availment of ITC. So this rule is to be read with Section 16(4) and Section 18(2) of CGST Act for the purpose of computation of time limit. Time limit for availment of ITC mentioned in Section 16(4) and Section 18 (2) of CGST Act, 2017 is also applicable to IGST paid on imports on the strength of Bill of entry or any similar document.

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"(d) a bill of entry or any similar document prescribed under the Customs Act, 1962 or rules made thereunder for the assessment of integrated tax on imports

2 Dated: 14-3-2020
By:- Rachit Agarwal

Limitation period for availment of credit is prescribed in Section 16(4). Section 16(4) specifically refers to invoice or debit note. Bill of Entry being a separate from invoice. Hence time limit prescribed in section 16(4) not applicable for availing the credit of input tax

3 Dated: 15-3-2020
By:- Kashish Gupta

Hi Rachit

I agree with your view. Had analysed this recently and formed the same view.


4 Dated: 15-3-2020

Time limitation is applicable for availing ITC on Bill of entry. Sh Kasturi ji views are correct but to be read as per section 20 of IGST act which provides for applicability of provisions relating to input tax act as placed in CGST Act.

Imports are governed under IGST Act and input tax credit for same (eligibility and restrictions) is to be complied with provisions laid down under CGST act ( refer section 20 of IGST Act).

5 Dated: 15-3-2020

Sh CS.Sanjay Malhotra Ji,

Sir, I am thankful to you for your clarification on the issue and giving finishing touch to my reply.But for your intervention, my reply would have remained incomplete and inconsequential. I have gone through Section 20 of IGST Act, 2017 ( emphasis is supplied on (iv-Input Tax Credit) . I should have mentioned how Section 20(iv) of IGST Act is integrally related to Section 16(4) of CGST Act and Rule 36 (1)(d) of CGST Rules, 2017 for applicability of time limitation for availing ITC on the strength of a bill of entry.


6 Dated: 16-3-2020
By:- Alkesh Jani

Dear Experts,

For sake of my knowledge, I raise this query. Section 18(2) states that time limit for availing ITC under sub-section (1) of Section 18…, will this be applicable to Bill of Entry?

Moreover, Rule 36 (1) mentions of Bill of Entry but Rule 36(2) states that …, is furnished in FORM GSTR-2 by such person, how to comply with this rule?


7 Dated: 17-3-2020
By:- sunil bhageria

Thanks to all the expert who have given their views on this matter but there is difference of opinion among various experts hence the matter become more confusing. On reading of the referred sections/rules I also of this opinion that why they have not mentioned Bills of entry in section 16(4) in addition to invoice and debit note while in rule 36(1) i.e. eligible documents for input tax credit they have specifically mentioned Bills of entry and similar document in (d)(though bill of entry do not fall under CGST as it always have IGST).SO mentioned bill of entry as a valid document for availing input credit in rule 36(1)(d) and including the same in Section 16(4) for limitation period gives the impression that limitation period is not applicable on input credit taken on Bills of entry. If any body is having some more clarity on the matter then please come forward and provide is views with related legal provisions.

8 Dated: 17-3-2020
By:- Alkesh Jani


Non-mentioning of Bill of Entry is very obvious as the bill of entry is a document for assessment of imported goods, the assessment made by the Customs authority vide Bill of entry is appealable before Commissioner (Appeals). the duty paying document is TR-6 (GAR) Challan and that can be the base for availing the ITC for purpose of Section 16 (paid to government through cash or credit).


9 Dated: 17-3-2020

Dear Mr. Sunil,

You have to take call by going through relevant provisions as stated in GST Act which is very clear and have no scope for any confusion / ambiguity. Sh, Kasturji ji correctly explained barring citing reference for Section 20 of IGST.

Please understand that Imports & Exports are governed under IGST Act. Further Section 20 of IGST Act prescribes for applicability of provisions under CGST Act to IGST Act. Similarly Rule 2 of IGST Rules makes CGST provisions applicable to IGST.

Further in reference to query raised by Mr. Alkesh, to reiterate above and request to go through Section 18(1) all clauses and then read with Rule 40 of CGST Rules also besides Rule 36 to clear your doubts. Rule 36 can’t be made blindly applicable to all clauses as referred to in Section 18(1) of CGST Act as the said section is for credit availability in special circumstances.

As on date, GSTR-2 is not in place but had it been so, taxpayer needs to key in details of Bill of Entry in Table 5 which should take your ITC to E-Credit Ledger. Further the same is not applicable for persons falling under some clauses in Section 18 (1) of CGST Act on account of person being unregistered or not availing Credit being under composition scheme.

GSTR-3B (Table 4) provides for mentioning the self assessed details for ITC (Import of Goods) and fulfills the criteria of GSTR-2.

In case of Bill of Entry, taxpayer pays the tax and has evidence of payment whereas in case of domestic supplies, the returns filed by GSTR-1 and auto populated details in GSTR-2A serves the purpose of credit eligibility.

Rest is queriest call to proceed ahead with.

10 Dated: 17-3-2020
By:- Chitresh Gupta

Dear All

In my view, the imports of goods are governed by Customs Act Only, not IGST Act.

That is the reason, the imports are not considered in the definition of supply under section 7 of the CGST Act.

Thus. section 16(4) does not apply in case of Bill of Entry.

Participants are free to post their views.


CA. Chitresh Gupta

11 Dated: 17-3-2020

Dear Chitresh,

Issue involved at present is ITC on Imported goods against Bill of Entry which is governed by IGST Act and not Custom Act.

12 Dated: 17-3-2020

Sh.Alkesh Jani Ji,

Query-wise reply is as follows:-

1.Yes, it has been already mentioned above in replies at serial no.1 and 4.

1.1 Section 18 is also applicable to a bill of entry inasmuch as Section 20 of IGST Act makes it very clear that the provisions of CGST Act, shall, mutatis mutandis, apply, so far as may be, in relation to integrated tax as they apply in relation to central tax as if they are enacted under this Act. Also

1.2 Rules 2 of IGST Rules says that CGST Rules apply in relation to integrated tax as they apply in relation to central tax.

Thus the provisions of CGST Act have been made applicable not only to (iv) Input Tax Credit but also to scope of supply , Composite supply etc -----------------mentioned at (i) to (xxv) of Section 20 of IGST Act. Section 18 is meant for availability of credit in special circumstances subject to the conditions prescribed under clauses (a), (b), (c), (d) and if the stock of imported inputs and capital goods is lying in the factory as mentioned in these clauses, the time bar limit mentioned under Section 16(4) shall also be applicable to the bill of entry vide which the said goods stand imported.

(2). Here it is irrelevant to correlate Rule 36 (1) & (2) with Section 18 of CGST Act. Rather, Rule 40 is relevant wherein clauses (a) (b) (c) & (d) of Section 18 has dealt with/referred to.

GSTR-2 has been deferred and the same has been replaced by GSTR 2A and ITC is auto reflected in 2A on the basis of tax paid invoices of the supplier while filing GSTR-1 by the supplier. In the case of bill of entry duty is not paid by supplier but paid by the importer himself. Duty paid in bill of entry can not be auto reflected in 2A because that is not paid by supplier but by the importer. Needless to say tax paid by the supplier in the invoice is reflected in 2A. The registered person avails ITC in GSTR 3B on the basis of bill of entry. GSTR 3B, being self assessed return it is the entire responsibility of the tax payer/registered person who takes credit whether on the strength of invoice or bill of entry. Emphasis is on Rule 40(e) of CGST Rules and Section 155 of CGST Act.

13 Dated: 17-3-2020
By:- Alkesh Jani

Shri Kasturiji and Shri Sanjay ji,

My heartily thanks for extending your guidance, I agree that as per Section 20 of IGST and Rule 2 of IGST makes CGST Act and Rules applicable. As all the reply given directly or indirectly points to Section 18 and Rule 36. Moreover, Section 16(4) specifically mentions of Invoice or debit note (Invoice issued under Section 31 and debit note issued under Section 34)

Section 18 (1)(a) is for person who has applied for registration

Section 18(1)(b) is for who takes registration under Section 25(3)

Section 18(1)(c) is for person ceases to pay tax under section 10

Section 18(1)(d) is for supply which was exempted becomes taxable supply

Section 18(2) states that ITC under sub-section (1) of Section 18

The moot question is Rule 36 is for documentary evidence for claiming ITC and not for time limit. So now please let me know which particular provision of Act and/or particular Rule can be applied to Bill of Entry.

Thanks and with Regards

14 Dated: 18-3-2020

A -"I agree that as per Section 20 of IGST and Rule 2 of IGST makes CGST Act and Rules applicable."

B- "Let me know which particular provision of Act and/or particular Rule can be applied to Bill of Entry."

Dear Alkesh Jani Ji,

Above A conveys that you fully agree with the views expressed at serial nos. 1, 4, 9, 11 & 12 but B conveys that you do not agree with the above views and you are still after specific entry of the words," a bill of entry" in Section 16(4) as well as Section 18 of CGST Act. Hence contradiction in your stand.Replies to all your queries at serial no.13, are inherent in the replies at serial nos.1,4,9,11 & 12.

To cap it all, after such a lengthy discussion, if any person is still of the view that time bar limit prescribed under Section 16(4) is not applicable to the availment of ITC on the strength of a bill of entry, that person has two options :

(i) that that person must muster courage to take ITC on a bill of entry after September (in October) following the end of the financial year.; or

(ii) that person should opt for Advance Ruling Authority.

In the first option, SCN is dead sure to be issued.

Law is a common sense and common sense always prevails. I have expressed my views in a sportsman spirit and the sole purpose is healthy discussion.

15 Dated: 18-3-2020
By:- Alkesh Jani

Shri Kasturiji,

Thanks for your reply. I agreed that provisions of CGST Act and Rules will be applicable for purpose of availing ITC of IGST, in terms of Section 20 and Rule 2 of IGST. This clarifies that for purpose of availing ITC of IGST one must follow the provisions of CGST Act and Rules. So question arises that which provisions of CGST Act and Rule is applicable for Bill of entry, of course I am not hunting for word “Bill of Entry” but seeking for provisions applicable to it. Section 16(4) and Section 18 are already discussed above.

Rule 40 (e) of CGST Rules mentions of Section 18 which is already given above moreover, it is also not applicable as the (foreign) supplier will not file GSTR-1 and importer is not the supplier in this case.

I welcome your suggestion that one may opt for availing or for advance ruling. Again it makes me think that which are the possible provisions of Act or Rule which department may invoke in SCN.

No doubt that I have raised the query for sake of knowledge and by way of healthy discussion every possible views can be explored which will benefit the public at large.

With Due Regards


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